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Ellicott City in Howard County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Baltimore Regional Trail

A House Divided

— War on the Chesapeake Bay —

 
 
Baltimore Regional Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), January 19, 2020
1. Baltimore Regional Trail Marker
Inscription.  During the Civil War, Baltimore and its environs exemplified the divided loyalties of Maryland's residents. The city had commercial ties to the South as well as the North, and its secessionist sympathies erupted in violence on April 19, 1861, when pro-Confederate mobs attacked Massachusetts troops en route to Washington, D.C. Because of Baltimore's strategic importance, President Abraham Lincoln acted swiftly, stationing Federal troops in the city and jailing civilians suspected of disloyalty. Some area residents joined the Confederate army, but many others supported the Union. After the Emancipation Proclamation permitted African American enlistment in 1863, U.S. Colored Troops regiments were recruited and trained in Baltimore and the vicinity. Naval vessels, such as USS Constellation, supported the Union war effort on the Chesapeake Bay and the high seas, countering the flow of contraband goods to the Confederacy. In 1864, during Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's attack on the Washington defenses, Maj. Harry Gilmor's cavalry threatened Baltimore, burned nearby bridges, and raided supplies. Throughout the war, the city served as a hospital
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and prisoner-of-war assembly center. Political prisoners were detained at Fort McHenry, home of the "Star-Spangled Banner." Despite the city's divided loyalties, Baltimore remained a Union stronghold until the end of the war.

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Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansBridges & ViaductsForts and CastlesScience & MedicineWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is April 19, 1861.
 
Location. 39° 16.048′ N, 76° 47.944′ W. Marker is in Ellicott City, Maryland, in Howard County. Marker is on Hamilton Street just west of Main Street (Maryland Route 144), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8267 Hamilton Street, Ellicott City MD 21043, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Yates Market & Hardware (within shouting distance of this marker); The Sykes Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Starr Funeral Home (within shouting
Baltimore Regional Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), January 19, 2020
2. Baltimore Regional Trail Marker
distance of this marker); Taylor's Row (within shouting distance of this marker); Tonge Row (within shouting distance of this marker); Day-French-Puhl House (within shouting distance of this marker); The Firehouse Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Wootton Law Offices (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ellicott City.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This marker replaces the linked marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 19, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 19, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 210 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 19, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Apr. 15, 2024