Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Cultural Influences of Chillicothe and Ross County
(Marker 1, Native Americans) During the course of Chillicothe’s history many diverse groups have come to inhabit the area with the earliest being the Native American as early as the late 1600's. During the American Revolution, the Shawnees fought alongside the British. Shawnees believed that England would prevent the colonies from invading their land even more. Under one of their most famous leaders, Tecumseh, the Shawnee were fierce warriors. When the Shawnees divided themselves into many clans, their main chief could only come from one clan. The name of that clan was “Chillicothe.” When a village was called Chillicothe, it meant that it was home to the principal chief. Chillicothe was also the name of Ohio’s first capital, but the modern day city was not the sight of a former Shawnee town.
(Marker 2, French) In 1753 French and Canadian troops seized the Ohio Valley. They promoted the Native Americans as allies of France. Many railroads in the Chillicothe area were built by French immigrants. The first European settlement in Ohio was in the drainage area of the Muskingum River and was primarily along
(Marker 3, Irish) The Irish population in Chillicothe was small before 1836; however, with the construction of the Ohio & Erie Canal around that time, the Irish immigrant population grew substantially. In 1837, Reverend Father Henry D. Juncker organized the Irish Catholic families in Chillicothe and formed St. Mary’s Catholic Church. In 1849, the congregation moved to St. Peter’s Church; however, the majority of the congregation spoke German. Therefore, the Irish members left and re-established St. Mary’s Church.
(Marker 4, Germans) In the 1830's a substantial migration of Germans occurred in the United States. In 1837, a private military unit known as the German Grenadiers Guard was formed, that was part of a German movement to develop their own churches, schools, and publications. Several churches were formed including the German Evangelical Church in Chillicothe. German was spoken in several churches until World War I. German was taught in schools until it vanished after World War I.
(Marker 5, African Americans) Many African Americans came to Chillicothe as former slaves or as free people of color. African Americans aided in taming the wilderness. African Americans were barbers, teachers, whitewashers, bricklayers, plasterers, and ministers. African Americans began to organize their churches and prepare
(Marker 6, Dedication) This monument was placed in Yoctangee Park in Chillicothe, Ohio to celebrate the many diverse cultures that played a vital role in creating the wonderful history of Chillicothe. This is being dedicated in 2003 during the celebration of the Bicentennial of the State of Ohio by the Ohio Bicentennial Youth Committee.
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Youth Committee, The Gannett Foundation, The Chillicothe Gazette, The Huntington Bank, The Morning Rotary, and Everyone Not Mentioned Who Helped Make This Possible.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Native Americans • War, French and Indian.
Location. 39° 20.183′ N, 82° 58.947′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Paint Street and Water Street. Markers are in Yoctangee Park, next to the Clock Tower, about 150 feet northeast of the main park entrance at Paint and Water Streets. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ross County World War I Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Enderlin Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of The "Statehood Riots" / The Enabling Act 1802 (within shouting distance of this marker); Banking Crisis of 1819 (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Arthur St. Clair's Headquarters (about 700 feet away); Site of Ohio's First Statehouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); Donald E. McHenry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Court House Renovation (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 23, 2018. It was originally submitted on December 24, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,413 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on December 24, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.