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Carrier Mills in Saline County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Carrier Mills Archaeological District

 
 
Carrier Mills Archaeological District Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, March 5, 2020
1. Carrier Mills Archaeological District Marker
Inscription.  This area of some 143 acres located approximately two miles south of Carrier Mills was inhabited by prehistoric people throughout three different archaeological periods. Until the turn of the century, the South Fork of the Saline River was a meandering stream with large areas of swamps and shallow cypress lakes nearby. These areas were rich in plants and animals that prehistoric inhabitants sought for food. Therefore, the locality became a natural focal point for human settlement. In 1978 and 1979, archaeologists intensively investigated this area. Excellent preservation conditions permitted the recovery of many tools and animal and plant remains that have provided significant new insights into the prehistory of southern Illinois.

Sporadic use of the area by small groups of hunters and gatherers can be dated to 8000 B.C., and the area was used more or less continuously until 1400 A.D. Settlement activity increased dramatically during the late Middle Archaic Period, 4500 to 3000 B.C., when the area was inhabited by larger groups with a more sedentary lifestyle. These occupations produced thick deposits containing many artifacts and
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burials. The area also saw heavy use during the Middle and Late Woodland periods, 200 B.C. to A.D. 900. The peoples of those times increasingly emphasized the collection and storage of plant foods and began to domesticate some native plants. The final prehistoric inhabitants were Mississippian Period Indians (A.D. 900 to 1400), who lived in scattered farmsteads and cultivated corn and squash.
 
Erected 1988 by Carrier Mills Lions Club and the Illinois State Historical Society.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative AmericansWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Illinois State Historical Society series list.
 
Location. 37° 41.141′ N, 88° 36.952′ W. Marker is in Carrier Mills, Illinois, in Saline County. Marker is on U.S. 45, 0.1 miles east of East Walnut Street, on the left when traveling east. Marker is located off a roadside pullout, just northeast of town. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6336 Route 45, Carrier Mills IL 62917, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. World War II Memorial (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Pauper Cemetery (approx. 4.1 miles away); Guard and Chossier Salt Kettles
Carrier Mills Archaeological District Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, March 5, 2020
2. Carrier Mills Archaeological District Marker
Marker is on a roadside pull-out. Carrier Mills city limit sign is in background.
(approx. 4.2 miles away); The Poor House (approx. 4.2 miles away); Cain Church (approx. 4.2 miles away); The Pauper House (approx. 4.2 miles away); Chenault School (approx. 4.2 miles away); Aydolette Barn and Thrashing Floor (approx. 4.2 miles away).
 
Regarding Carrier Mills Archaeological District. The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 25, 1978 (#78001184).
 
Also see . . .  Carrier Mills Archaeological District on Wikipedia. More information about the district (Submitted on March 10, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 10, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 485 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 10, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 14, 2024