Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Elko in Elko County, Nevada — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

From Covered Wagon to Freeway Travel

 
 
From Covered Wagon to Freeway Travel Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 19, 2016
1. From Covered Wagon to Freeway Travel Marker
Inscription.  Centuries of water runoff from mountain peaks cut channels through Nevada's mountain formations and deserts, creating river corridors that support a variety of wildlife and plants. One such river is the Humboldt, which flows across most of northern Nevada. For centuries Shoshone and Paiute Indian tribes explored every bend in the river in search of edible plants and wild game. What was taken each year by these gatherers and hunters was replaced by nature, thus maintaining a natural balance.

From nearly 250,000 emigrants, their oxen, mules, horses and cattle followed the road along the Humboldt, in the process upsetting the centuries-old natural balance. Emigrants took advantage of the variety of plants and wildlife, depleting much of the river's natural resources and leaving little or nothing for the native tribes.

The constant processions of emigrant wagons compacted the soil along the Humboldt's bank, creating a well-defined road. This roadbed evolved into part of the right-of-way of the Central Pacific Railroad in 1869, linking the eastern and western United States. The route has served as northern Nevada's primary transportation
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
corridor up to the present day.

During the 1960s and 1970s, I-80 was built through Nevada following the Humboldt River and paralleling the original emigrant trail.

Water Barrels
Filled at places along the trail where water was plentiful, they slaked the thirst of both people and animals on long waterless stretches of the trail.

Washtub & Washboard
The labor-intensive predecessor of the modern clothes washer, these were used on the trail to wash clothing and the emigrants themselves.

Stewpot
An essential item for use in preparing meals along the trail, and would also be needed by emigrants after they arrived in California.
 
Erected by California Trail, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior, and State of Nevada.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansRoads & VehiclesSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the California Trail series list.
 
Location. 40° 50.465′ N, 115° 45.217′ W. Marker is in Elko, Nevada, in Elko County. Marker is on Idaho Street, 0.1 miles north of 14th Street, on the left when traveling north. Marker is located beside
Covered Wagon to Freeway Travel Marker detail image. Click for full size.
2. Covered Wagon to Freeway Travel Marker detail
"I also saw… a very singular hot spring. It was on the rocky Bank of the Humboldt… the water came out of the solid rock in a stream as large as a mans leg and was boiling hot. Some emigrants who were camped near had clothes in a kind of basin formed by the falling water, where they were boiling. That was the best place to wash clothes I've seen yet"
James Berry Brown, August 30, 1859
the sidewalk in Elko City Park, just north of the Elko Area Chamber of Commerce. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1405 Idaho Street, Elko NV 89801, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. About Your Journey... (here, next to this marker); Elko (within shouting distance of this marker); Ruby Valley Pony Express Station (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Ruby Valley Pony Express Station (about 400 feet away); Sherman Station (about 500 feet away); Sesquicentennial Sagebrush Sculpture & Time Capsule (approx. 0.2 miles away); Artzaina Zain (approx. half a mile away); Missouri Flats (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Elko.
 
From Covered Wagon to Freeway Travel Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 19, 2016
3. From Covered Wagon to Freeway Travel Marker
(Idaho Street in background on left)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 18, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 17, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 132 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 18, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=146801

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
This website earns income from purchases you make after using our links to Amazon.com. We appreciate your support.
Paid Advertisement
Jun. 22, 2024