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Hopewell, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

City Point, Virginia

One of the World's Busiest Seaports

 

— Four Centuries: City Point, Virginia, 1613 A.D. —

 
City Point, Virginia Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, May 8, 2020
1. City Point, Virginia Marker
Inscription.  
8000 B.C.
Indian occupancy.

1613
Sir Thomas Dale establishes area as "Bermuda Cittie".

1619
Name changes to Charles City Point.

1621
Rev. Patrick Copeland plans to build free public school, financed by the East India Company.

1622
The Indian Massacre virtually destroys the town and several years pass before resettlement. Public school plans never materialize. The massacre survivors from Charles City Point flee to Shirley Hundred.

1623
Charles City Point, which was fortified "by Trench and Pallizado and diverse blockhouses" in a manner similar to the fort at Jamestown goes "to ruin".

1635
Francis Eppes of Kent, England, patents of a portion of Charles County and Charles City Point becomes known as City Point.

1732
City Point starts to prosper again and a ferry operates between City Point and Shirley Hundred.

1755
"An Act for Establishing Pilots and regulating fees..." is passed which includes the port of City Point.

1765
A
City Point, Virginia Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, May 8, 2020
2. City Point, Virginia Marker
Click or scan to see
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foreign vessel abandons a young boy, Peter Francisco, on the City Point docks. He grows to the height of six feet six inches and weighs over 250 pounds. He becomes a Revolutionary War hero.

1776
By February a substantial number of American troops are stationed at City Point. Locals pay 15-17 pounds (British currency) per month toward the soldiers' supplies.

1781
On January 4, British Navy shells and captures City Point.

1781
The British return in April and May with 2,500 soldiers.

1787
City Point is an important port after the war. In April, May and June, sixty-five vessels discharge their cargoes here.

1797
The U.S. Collector of Customs office moves from Bermuda Hundred to City Point.

1801
The post office moves from Bermuda Hundred to City Point.

1826
An act passed by the Virginia General Assembly on February 17 provides that fifty acres of land be laid off into lots thus incorporating City Point as a town.

1838
Increased river traffic prompts the establishment of the City Point Rail Road Company which connects City Point to Petersburg.

1855
The rail road, renamed the South Side Rail Road, completes a brick depot, a wharf and a shed 113 feet along to aid in the loading and
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discharging of vessels.

1862
On May 19, General George B. McClellan's gunboats shell City Point. During the spring and summer, the town was shelled on eleven different occasions.

1864
On May 5 Major General Benjamin Butler lands Samuel Duncan's brigade of black troops who capture the town. On June 15 Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant arrives at City Point to conduct military operations against Petersburg. On June 21 President Lincoln arrives for a three day visit.

1865
Lincoln's second visit begins the evening of March 24 and lasts two weeks. On March 29, Grant moves his headquarters close to the front lines in preparation for the final campaign of the war.

1867
The final detachment of Federal infantry is removed from City Point on November 4.

1867-1872
The Freedmen's Bureau is organized by the War Department to aid blacks in the transition to their new lives. A school is opened for the education of former slaves.

1870
When Virginia is admitted to the Union on January 26, less than 300 residents populate City Point.

1881
Shipping continues as City Point's wharves accommodate a fleet of eight luxury steamers en route to New York.

1914
Workers at the Du Pont Guncotton Plant crowd into Hopewell and
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City Point. Tents are erected in the old town's empty lots.

1917
At the height of World War I, hundreds of Camp Lee soldiers board transport ships at the City Point docks.

1923
In March, the court approves the annexation of City Point by the City of Hopewell, thus changing the status of City Point from a town to a city neighborhood.

[Captions:]
City Point
At the confluence of the Appomattox with the James River, headquarters of the armies operating against Richmond.
Library of Congress [LC-US262-73623]

The large building (top left) is the Bull Ring, a dreaded Federal Provost Prison. St. John's Church topped by a steeple is to the right of the Bull Ring. Appomattox Manor is the large house (top right), fronted by the Federal cabins. The area abutting the river is Water Street and above the bluff the first street is old Main Street (now Prince Henry Avenue). The present Pecan Avenue begins at the intersection of Water Street (lower right) and rises toward Appomattox Manor.
 
Erected 2013 by City of Hopewell, Commonwealth of Virginia.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #16 Abraham Lincoln series list. A significant day of the year for for this entry is January 4.
 
Location. 37° 18.914′ N, 77° 16.624′ W. Marker is in Hopewell, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Cedar Lane and Pecan Avenue, on the right when traveling south on Cedar Lane. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1001 Pecan Ave, Hopewell VA 23860, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named City Point (a few steps from this marker); Appomattox Manor (a few steps from this marker); General Grant's Headquarters (a few steps from this marker); General Grant's Headquarters at City Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Porter House (within shouting distance of this marker); The Peacemaker (within shouting distance of this marker); The Depot Field Hospital (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Supply Hub (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hopewell.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Old Marker At This Location also titled "City Point, Virginia".
 
Additional keywords. USCT
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 5, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 9, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 59 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 9, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Dec. 4, 2021