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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Pacifica in San Mateo County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

The Enduring Aramai

 

— Golden Gate National Recreation Area —

 
The Enduring <i>Aramai</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 19, 2015
1. The Enduring Aramai Marker
Inscription.  
Who were the first people of these lands?
The Aramai settled at Calera Creek and used lands at Mori Point for over 3,000 years. Their villages, Timigtac and Pruristac, totaling 50 people, made up a distinct tribe among dozens of independent Ohlone tribes that lived from the Carquinez Strait south to Monterey Bay.

The Aramai were among the first native people brought to the Spanish colonial Mission Dolores where they were joined by diverse tribal people from the Bay region. Mission Dolores natives became the Doloreños, one of several new world communities of diverse native people that formed at the California missions.

One Remarkable Family
Utchús and Muchiáte are the Timigtac couple whose descendants make up the only known surviving lineage from the original 1400 native people of the San Francisco Peninsula. The story of their family embodies native survival at the heart of this tragic chapter in California history. Their daughter, Xilaite, was born a year before the Spanish Portola expedition reached San Francisco in 1769. She married Jose Ramos, the mission
Marker detail: Danse des habitans de California a la mission de St. Francisco image. Click for full size.
Louis Choris Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley
2. Marker detail: Danse des habitans de California a la mission de St. Francisco
(Dance of the inhabitants of California at the mission of
St. Francisco
)
blacksmith from New Spain, in a rare pairing of native and colonial individuals.

One of the very few to survive the harmful effects of mission life, Xilaite lived long enough to see the birth of her granddaughter in 1811. By that time nearly 95% of the Aramai had died, but Xilaite's descendants endured. They intermarried with other tribes, with others of Mexican heritage, and with European Americans, and they continue to flourish today.

One of those descendants is Dr. Jonathan Cordero, Professor of Sociology at California Lutheran University. He is Xilaite's 9th generation grandson, and, like other Bay Area Ohlones, he continues to honor his ancestors by writing about their past with the hope of inspiring interest in their future.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyExplorationNative AmericansParks & Recreational Areas.
 
Location. 37° 37.207′ N, 122° 29.538′ W. Marker is in Pacifica, California, in San Mateo County. Marker can be reached from Mori Point Road 0.1 miles west of Cabrillo Highway (State Highway 1). Marker is located along the Mori Point Trail, about 1/3 mile west
Marker detail: Arroyo Willow image. Click for full size.
By Linda Yamane
3. Marker detail: Arroyo Willow
Arroyo Willow Salix lasiolepis

Willows, which currently grow in abundance at Mori Point, have served Ohlone people for countless generations, providing the framework for thatched houses, a pain reliever found in the bark, and material for weaving the various baskets so important in everyday life.
of the Mori Point Road trailhead and parking lot. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pacifica CA 94044, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Mori's Point Inn (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Gust 1888-1969 (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Little Brown Church (approx. one mile away); Discovery of San Francisco Bay (approx. 1½ miles away); Captain Don Gaspar de Portolà (approx. 1.6 miles away); Sanchez Adobe (approx. 2.3 miles away); Joe Cavalli – Historical Site (approx. 4.1 miles away); Seabiscuit (approx. 4.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pacifica.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Aramai. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in 1769, the indigenous inhabitants of the San Francisca Peninsula, referred to as the Ramaytush, numbered about 1,400 persons. They were divided into eleven independent tribelets, including the Aramai that was situated on the west side of the San Francisco Peninsula in and around present-day Pacifica. (Submitted on August 28, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Spanish Arrival in Aramai Lands. Spanish explorations in Aramai territory began 31 October 1769 when the Portola Expedition arrived in San Pedro Valley. The Portola party remained in the area for a few days, and on 4 November 1769 from a summit along
Marker detail: Two Native Words and a Vow of Protection image. Click for full size.
By Todd Sneider
4. Marker detail: Two Native Words and a Vow of Protection
The park honors the heritage of the Aramai by naming two of its trails in the San Francisco Bay Ohlone language — Timigtac after their village at Calera Creek, and Lishumsha for the resident garter snake. As we restore the habitat of the San Francisco garter snake and other wildlife, let us remember the first people who lived here and their descendants.
Sweeny Ridge the Spanish explorers beheld San Francisco Bay. (Submitted on August 28, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Marker detail: Dr. Jonathan Cordero image. Click for full size.
5. Marker detail: Dr. Jonathan Cordero
The Enduring <i>Aramai</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 19, 2015
6. The Enduring Aramai Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 28, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 27, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 50 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 28, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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Feb. 28, 2021