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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Yuma in Yuma County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Yuma East Wetlands

The Colorado River Before the Dams

 
 
Yuma East Wetlands Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 14, 2014
1. Yuma East Wetlands Marker
Inscription.  
The Natural Setting
The river supported pristine cottonwood / willow gallery forests, mesquite bosques, wetlands, inter-tidal salt flats, and lakes dependent on annual floods for existence.

The area yielded a rich harvest of seasonal wild plant and animal foods and could be cultivated with ease. The Lower Colorado River once had the ability to naturally regenerate.

The untamed Colorado River experienced frequent flooding with channels stretching 24 km across.

Wild, uncontrollable flooding demolished homes and took lives. The rising flood waters brought continued devastation. The community was left to rebuild and overcome.

Originally, the highly variable flowing river, served both as a barrier and a conduit for trade and travel. Various Native American tribes settled and farmed the fertile lands.

[photo captions]
• View from Indian Hill before Dams, 1905
• Native Alkali sacaton flats
• An abundance of cottonwood, willow, and mesquite trees
• Violent floods threaten the existence of cities
• Damage caused by flooding of the Colorado River
• The effects of flooding in residential
Marker detail: View from Indian Hill before Dams, 1905 image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: View from Indian Hill before Dams, 1905
areas
• Steamboat transport
• Ferry transport along the Colorado
• Early East Wetlands camps set up for trade
• Quechan Fisherman
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: DisastersNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels.
 
Location. 32° 43.649′ N, 114° 36.867′ W. Marker is in Yuma, Arizona, in Yuma County. Marker can be reached from Prison Hill Road half a mile north of Harold C. Giss Parkway. Marker is located in Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park, overlooking the Colorado River. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 220 Prison Hill Road, Yuma AZ 85364, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Yuma East Wetlands (a few steps from this marker); Yuma East Wetlands Today (within shouting distance of this marker); Prison Labor (within shouting distance of this marker); View of the Prison from Across the River (within shouting distance of this marker); Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); The All-important Colorado River Crossing (within shouting distance of this marker); "Indian Hill" (within shouting distance of this marker); Main Cellblock (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Yuma.
 
Related markers.
Marker detail: Damage caused by Colorado River flooding image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: Damage caused by Colorado River flooding
Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Yuma East Wetlands
 
Also see . . .  Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area. Sitting at the narrows of the Lower Colorado River, Yuma was known as “The Gateway to the Great Southwest” and is the oldest city established on the Colorado River. The Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area encompasses seven square miles along the Lower Colorado River in Yuma, Arizona and Winterhaven, California. (Submitted on October 21, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Marker detail: Ferry transport along the Colorado River image. Click for full size.
4. Marker detail: Ferry transport along the Colorado River
Yuma East Wetlands Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 14, 2014
5. Yuma East Wetlands Marker
(Colorado River in background)
Yuma East Wetlands Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 14, 2014
6. Yuma East Wetlands Marker
(Colorado River in background • marker visible bottom center)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 21, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 61 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 21, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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Feb. 25, 2021