Bordentown in Burlington County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Delaware: A National Treasure
Delaware River Heritage Trail
The 330-mile Delaware River is the longest free-flowing river east of the Mississippi River is the longest free-flowing river east of the Mississippi River. Its watershed drains an area of 14,119 square miles in four states. This nationally important corridor has been a major factor in the region's settlement and its subsequent economic and cultural history. It is also a critical natural resource. Nearly 20 million people rely on it for their drinking water, and it is a vital habitat for wildlife, including migrating birds. Millions of residents and visitors enjoy the river's remarkable scenic and recreational resources.
The Delaware's pristine waters supported a thriving commerce in fishing and transportation and supplied fresh water to the many towns and industries which developed along its banks. For more than four hundred years it was a resource people took for granted. By the 1960s, unchecked growth, habitat destruction and pollution were destroying the river. Public outcry led to enactment of sweeping environmental protection laws and remediation efforts, as well as greater vigilance and citizen activism. These actions
Indigenous peoples have lived beside the river for thousands of years. On early maps the river is shown simply as South River and the area remained a wilderness, known only to a few explorers, soldiers and traders. When England gained control of West Jersey in the 1660s, the river was named Delaware in honor of Baron De la Warr, a colonial baron. Immigrants from the British Isles, often fleeing religious persecution, began to arrive in great numbers. Bordentown was known in the 1680s as Farnsworth's Landing by an English farmer, is one of the Colony of West Jersey's important early river ports, along with Burlington and Trent's Town, now Trenton.
Due to its strategic location along early roads and at the confluence of the river and Crosswicks Creek, Bordentown became an important transportation and cultural center for two centuries. It was home to a number of famous residents including Francis Hopkinson, Thomas Paine, Joseph Bonaparte, Clara Barton and Commodore Charles Stewart, as well
Karl Bodmer's View on the Delaware, near Bordentown, 1832, engraving by Ch. Vogel. A coach and delivery wagon hurry to meet the steamboat at Bordentown landing. Bodmer painted this scene near the Bonaparte estate. Credit: The Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Collection
Atlantic Sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrhynchus)
The Delaware River once supported the largest spawning population of Atlantic Sturgeon in North America. They are now listed as endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act. Atlantic sturgeon can reach lengths in excess of 10 feet and weigh several hundred pounds. The eggs, or roe, are a famous delicacy known as Atlantic caviar. Credit: Original illustration by Ellen Edmonson and Hugh Chrisp for 1927-1940 New York Biological Survey. Image courtesy of Cornell University and NYS DEC.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels.
Location. 40° 8.851′ N, 74° 43.061′ W. Marker is in Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bordentown NJ 08505, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Point Breeze (within shouting distance of this marker); 19th Century Railroading in Bordentown (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); An Early Transportation Hub (about 700 feet away); Thomas Paine Monument (approx. 0.2 miles away); British Raid on Crosswicks Creek (approx. 0.2 miles away); Wright House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Patience Lovell Wright (approx. 0.2 miles away); Home of Patience Lovell Wright (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bordentown.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 15, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 15, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 46 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 15, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 3, 4. submitted on November 16, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.