Mound City in Pulaski County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Mound City National Cemetery
Civil War Mound City
Mound City's location at a river crossroads was strategic to the Union war effort. It was near the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and the confluence of the Ohio, Tennessee, and Cumberland rivers.
The Illinois city was home to the headquarters of the Union Navy's Mississippi Squadron, some eighty vessels of the "brown water” or inland navy. Three ironclad gunboats—the U.S.S. Cairo, Cincinnati, and Mound City—were built here.
A U.S. General Hospital was erected in Mound City after the April 7, 1862, Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee. The army also converted a hotel, warehouse, and foundry into hospitals collectively containing 1,500 beds. Union medical personnel used the captured Confederate steamboat Red Rover to ferry wounded soldiers from areas of engagement along the Mississippi River to Mound City.
Mound City National Cemetery was established in 1864. A levee protected the 10-acre tract from high water. By 1871, the cemetery contained nearly 5,000 graves—1,644 dead from Mound City hospitals
Completed in 1880, the superintendent's lodge was designed by the Office of the Quartermaster General. It differs from the mansard-roof, Second Empire-style lodge the army built in the previous decade at other national cemeteries. Made of two-color brick, a steep cross-gable roof on the Mound City lodge allows for a full-height second floor. The rostrum was built in 1939.
The elaborate Illinois State Monument, erected in 1874-75, rises from the center of the original cemetery. Its classically inspired granite-and-marble base supports figures of a soldier and sailor. The 15-foot-tall shaft is topped with the female figure "Liberty."
Illinois State Rep. Newton B. Casey of Mound City introduced the bill that funded the $25,000 monument. It honors all soldiers and sailors, known and unknown, who died during the Civil War and were buried here. More than 2,000 names, representing twenty states and the U.S. Army and Navy, are engraved on the base.
Erected by National Cemetery Administration, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.
Topics and series. Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Science & Medicine • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the National Cemeteries series list.
Location. 37° 5.217′ N, 89° 10.667′ W. Marker is in Mound City, Illinois, in Pulaski County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Walnut Street (Illinois Route 37) and Old U.S. 51, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mound City IL 62963, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Navy Seabees Memorial (here, next to this marker); A National Cemetery System (here, next to this marker); America's Medal Of Honor Memorial Tree (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Soldiers Memorial (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Marine Ways (approx. 0.6 miles away); The Old Fire Bell (approx. ¾ mile away); United States Military Hospital (approx. 0.8 miles away); Cairo, Illinois (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mound City.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 1, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 43 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on December 1, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 2, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. 5. submitted on December 1, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
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