“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Chincoteague in Accomack County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Chincoteague Timeline

Chincoteague Timeline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, January 17, 2021
1. Chincoteague Timeline Marker
First land purchase from Gingo-Teague Indians recorded on April 1. Oral tradition says the Gingo-Teague called Chincoteague Island "the beautiful land across the water."

Tenant farmer Robert Scott moves to Chincoteague into a house 15 feet long and 12 feet wide. There he tends freshly planted apple trees and small fields of tobacco and corn.

1780 - 1790
Early settlers like Jester and Watson families built small, simple wooden houses.

Around 30 families, fewer than 200 people, including enslaved African Americans, live on Chincoteague and Assateague islands. Most raise cattle.

Chincoteague's first oyster shucking house opens. Huge piles of oyster shells become part of the local landscape. By the end of the oyster season, many piles grew larger than the shucking houses.

Chincoteague residents overwhelmingly vote to remain in the Union. "All our interests were in the North. We sold nearly all the oysters we raised in Philadelphia. It would have meant starvation to us to have seceded." John A.M. Whealton, oyster entrepreneur.


Chincoteague Timeline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, January 17, 2021
2. Chincoteague Timeline Marker
Atlantic Hotel opens. Artist Howard Pyle sketches pony penning for Scribner's Monthly. Pyle describes Chincoteague as "an enchanted island, cut loose from modern progress and left drifting some seventy-five years backward in the ocean of time."

The Pennsylvania Railroad extends service across the water with a steamboat route, linking Chincoteague and Franklin City.

Chincoteague begins to rebuild after fire destroys several buildings along Main Street.

A causeway for cars and trucks named to honor John Whealton, connects the island and mainland.

The Chincoteague Volunteer Fire Company combines the pony smim and pony penning with an annual carnival, 15,000 attend.

Congress creates the Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge.

Marguerite Breithaupt Henry publishes Misty of Chincoteague.

Chincoteague farms produce four million chickens a year.

The Ash Wednesday storm devastates Chincoteague. The first bridge opens to Assateague through the efforts of the Chincoteague Assateague Bridge Authority.

Mayor Robert Reed and Council Members successfully lobby Congress to create Assateague Island National Seashore. Tourism mushrooms.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these

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topic lists: AgricultureColonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers.
Location. 37° 56.099′ N, 75° 22.602′ W. Marker is in Chincoteague, Virginia, in Accomack County. Marker is on Main Street just west of Post Office Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4105 Main St, Chincoteague Island VA 23336, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bounty from the Sea (a few steps from this marker); Fish So Fine (a few steps from this marker); Dollars from Decoys (a few steps from this marker); Chincoteague's Front Door (within shouting distance of this marker); Boats and Bridges (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Misty of Chincoteague (about 300 feet away); You Had to Keep On (about 300 feet away); So Terribly Helpless (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chincoteague.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 19, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 19, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 34 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 19, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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Mar. 5, 2021