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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Birchwood in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Native Americans of the Hiwassee Area

 
 
Native Americans of the Hiwassee Area Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, January 17, 2021
1. Native Americans of the Hiwassee Area Marker
Inscription.  
Hiwassee Island and the Tennessee River – Hiwassee River confluence area were inhabited by groups of Native Americans for over 10,000 years until the early 1800’s. Between the 11th and 15th centuries A.D., prehistoric Native American farmers resided in a large town on the island. The Cherokee resided here from the late 1700’s until 1818 when John Jolly’s small band was removed to Oklahoma during the infamous "Trail of Tears". Blythe Ferry and Hiwassee Island actually served as staging areas where groups of Cherokee were gathered to begin the long, arduous journey west.

This area was once rich in game which the Native Americans hunted including several species of birds. The bones of Sandhill Cranes and many other types of waterfowl, as well as land species including Wild Turkey, Passenger Pigeon, and Northern Bobwhite have been excavated from prehistoric Native American sites in southeastern Tennessee. Prehistoric native peoples used bird meat for food, the bones for tools and whistles, and the wings and feathers for fans and ornaments.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Animals

Native Americans of the Hiwassee Area Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, January 17, 2021
2. Native Americans of the Hiwassee Area Marker
Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative AmericansWaterways & Vessels.
 
Location. 35° 23.999′ N, 84° 59.401′ W. Marker is in Birchwood, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on Priddy Road (County Road 163) 0.9 miles north of Blythe Ferry Lane (County Road 131), on the left when traveling north. The marker is located within the Hiwassee Wildlife Refuge. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 545 Priddy Road, Birchwood TN 37308, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. This Venerable Oak Tree (approx. 0.9 miles away); Prelude (approx. one mile away); Consequences (approx. one mile away); "Your Fate is Decided" (approx. one mile away); General Winfield Scott (approx. one mile away); "Orders No. 25" (approx. one mile away); "To Learn and not Forget" (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named "Your Fate is Decided" (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Birchwood.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 31, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 30, 2021, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 30, 2021, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
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Feb. 25, 2021