Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
— National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Hopewell people built their mounds with care, as evidenced here at Mound 7–Central Mound-the largest of the Mound City Group. It was not just a matter of piling up dirt; layers of clay, sand, and gravel were sequenced in complex patterns. Here, mounded clay capped with sand was the first layer over a large central grave. Three more layers of clay topped with sand covered the mound at 1-foot intervals. Then several more feet of clay mantled with 20 inches of gravel made the final layer.
The effort to accomplish such a task is enormous, not to mention the building of the other 23 mounds and the surrounding earthen wall. Cumulatively the building process may have taken decades or centuries, requiring a significant coordination of labor.
Thirteen cremated burials were uncovered in this mound, with many objects made of copper--mined 600 miles away near Lake Superior.
Although not acting alone, Henry Shetrone (photo left) of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society is credited with stopping the Army from destroying Central Mound. Camp Sherman workers built around
Erected by U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Native Americans.
Location. 39° 22.588′ N, 83° 0.345′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker is on Ohio Route 104 0.2 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16062 OH-104, Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mica Splendor (here, next to this marker); A Sacred Purpose (within shouting distance of this marker); Effigy Pipes (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ancient Monuments (about 300 feet away); A Flourishing Culture (about 300 feet away); Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (about 300 feet away); Casualties of War (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 14, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 45 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on February 14, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.