Near Chivington in Kiowa County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Welcome to the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
We ran up the creek with the cavalry following us…The dry bed of the stream was now a terrible sight: men, women, and children lying thickly scattered on the sand, some dead and the rest too badly wounded to move… George Bent
Sand Creek Massacre: A National Tragedy
On the morning of November 29, 1864, U.S. Volunteer Cavalry launched a surprise attack on a peaceful encampment of Cheyenne and Arapaho along the banks of the Big Sandy Creek. Black Kettle, one of several peace chiefs in the village, raised an American and white flag of truce above his tipi. The attack resulted in the death of about 200 Cheyenne and Arapaho, many of whom were horribly mutilated. In 1865, the United States Government accepted responsibility for and condemned the massacre as part of the Treaty of the Little Arkansas, but charges were never brought against those responsible. Although permanently affected by the massacre, the Cheyenne and Arapaho hold strongly to their culture, language, and traditions today.
In 2000, Congress authorized the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site. Today,
The Visitor Contact Station has current information on daily activities, hours of operation, special events, and walking/ driving routes. Several designated walking trails allow visitors to experience the massacre site much as it appeared in 1864. Sand Creek Massacre NHS is closed on Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day and New Year's Day.
Enjoy a Safe Visit
Seasonal temperatures can vary between the low 30's in the fall and winter and high's into the 100's during the spring and summer. Water, sunscreen, and hats are recommended during the warmer months. Spring winds can gust in excess of 50 MPH. The park is home to rattlesnakes and biting insects; please remain on the designated trail at all times.
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Topics. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Parks & Recreational Areas • Wars, US Indian. A significant historical date for this entry is November 29, 1864.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Eads CO 81036, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Conscious and Courage (a few steps from this marker); The Sand Creek Massacre (a few steps from this marker); Why A 33 Star Flag (within shouting distance of this marker); Humans and the Prairie (within shouting distance of this marker); Sand Creek as Camp Site (approx. ¼ mile away); Fort Lyon Reservation (approx. ¼ mile away); Returned to Sand Creek (approx. half a mile away); Sacred Memory (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chivington.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This is a list of interpretive panels along the trails at the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
Credits. This page was last revised on November 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 15, 2021, by Connor Olson of Kewaskum, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 258 times since then and 103 times this year. It was the Marker of the Week November 28, 2021. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 15, 2021, by Connor Olson of Kewaskum, Wisconsin. 3. submitted on November 27, 2021, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.