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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Chivington, Colorado

 
Clickable Map of Kiowa County, Colorado and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Kiowa County, CO (31) Bent County, CO (7) Cheyenne County, CO (5) Crowley County, CO (2) Lincoln County, CO (4) Otero County, CO (17) Prowers County, CO (13) Greeley County, KS (1)  KiowaCounty(31) Kiowa County (31)  BentCounty(7) Bent County (7)  CheyenneCounty(5) Cheyenne County (5)  CrowleyCounty(2) Crowley County (2)  LincolnCounty(4) Lincoln County (4)  OteroCounty(17) Otero County (17)  ProwersCounty(13) Prowers County (13)  GreeleyCountyKansas(1) Greeley County (1)
Eads is the county seat for Kiowa County
Chivington is in Kiowa County
      Kiowa County (31)  
ADJACENT TO KIOWA COUNTY
      Bent County (7)  
      Cheyenne County (5)  
      Crowley County (2)  
      Lincoln County (4)  
      Otero County (17)  
      Prowers County (13)  
      Greeley County, Kansas (1)  
 
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1Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — A Chief’s Village
Chief's Village at Sand Creek The Cheyenne and Arapaho Village at Sand Creek was a Chief's village with 33 chiefs and headmen present. To be a chief in the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes is to undertake a responsibility so vast only . . . Map (db m181887) HM WM
2Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — An End to the Slaughter
Sand Pits Offer Life and Death Chief Black Kettle and George Bent sought shelter in a sand pit with almost one hundred others. South of them another hundred survivors sheltered in two other sand pits, but soldiers brought up the . . . Map (db m181071) HM
3Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Attack and Pursuit
Cheyenne Peace Chief Black Kettle As the soldiers' gunfire increased, and artillery began firing deadly salvos toward the village, Black Kettle remained in camp. In a final show of desperate hope, the chief hoisted an American and . . . Map (db m182290) HM WM
4Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Chaos, Disorder, and Disgust
Activity in the Villages As the attack moved toward the northern-most Cheyenne and Arapaho encampments, tribal members sought to escape, even as artillery shells exploded overhead. Within the first hour of the attack command and . . . Map (db m181252) HM WM
5Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Cheyenne and Arapaho Village at Sand Creek
A Camp at Sand Creek Along the northern edge of the Pónoeo 'hé'e (Dry River) or Sand Creek, sit about 156 lodges or tipis, with hoóxé’e or tipi poles rising into the sky. Traditionally positioned with their entrances open toward . . . Map (db m181240) HM
6Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Conflict Within and Without
Some Soldiers Refuse to Fight Shortly after opening fire on the village, 1st Regiment soldiers moved along both sides of the village. Cpt. Soule and Lt. Cramer led their men west, around the fighting, and purposefully did not . . . Map (db m181873) HM
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7Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Conscious and Courage
Captain Silas S. Soule and Lieutenant Joseph A. Cramer of the 1st Colorado (U.S.) Volunteer Cavalry put their military careers - and lives - at risk by refusing to fire during the attack against a peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho village at Sand . . . Map (db m180846) HM
8Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Dawn November 29, 1864
In the Cheyenne and Arapaho camps, the early hours of November 29, 1864 started like any other day – people up before sunrise greeted the day cautiously, but with little trepidation. “Heap of Buffalos Coming!” Always alert to . . . Map (db m180915) HM
9Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Fort Lyon Reservation
The Fort Lyon Reservation Created in 1861 by the Treaty of Fort Wise, the Upper Arkansas Agency Reservation, known later as the Fort Lyon Reservation, was established for those Cheyenne and Arapaho living below the South Platte . . . Map (db m180906) HM
10Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Humans and the Prairie
Grasslands are some of the most biologicaly productive but endangered ecosystems on Earth, and are the major ecosystem in the Great Plains. The prairie is integral in shaping this cultural landscape. It supports the interaction and survival of . . . Map (db m185037) HM
11Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Incredible Feats of Bravery
Women at Sand Creek During the soldiers' attack, men in the village put up the best defense they could. But displays of bravery were not exclusive to warriors; many women risked their lives to protect their families as well. Women . . . Map (db m181477) HM
12Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Incriminations and Culpability
Accountings of a Massacre Captain Soule and Lieutenant Cramer put their lives and careers in jeopardy when they refused to attack the Cheyenne and Arapaho at Sand Creek. Both men wrote letters detailing atrocities they witnessed . . . Map (db m184923) HM
13Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Past, Present, and Future Come Together
A Scene of a Tragedy, a Hallowed Landscape As the final shots faded throughout the valley and November 29 drew to a close, approximately 230 Cheyenne and Arapaho lay dead. Most of those killed were women, children and the . . . Map (db m180954) HM
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14Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Returned to Sand Creek
"Many years have passed. The land is still here. We lived here, our clans lived here. The land here is our home - we have come back home." Arapaho: Wonoo3ei’i ceciniihi’ coowoo’ou’u. Nih’iine’etiino’ hiitiino. Neito’eininoo . . . Map (db m180924) HM WM
15Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Sacred Memory
Sacred Memory Sand Creek is a place where culture and history are at the center of controversy, trauma, anger, and forgiveness. A place to reflect on the past as well as the future, the Sand Creek Massacre teaches powerful . . . Map (db m181063) HM WM
16Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Sand Creek as Camp Site
Camp Site Along the Smokey Hill Lodgepole Trail In the 1800's Plains tribes like the Cheyenne and Arapaho moved their camps using travois to carry their possessions. Made by securing lodge poles to a horse, the ends of . . . Map (db m180907) HM
17Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — The Big Head Fight
3rd Regiment Attacks Hearing gun fire from the vicinity of the village, soldiers of the 3rd Regiment, approximately two miles west of this location, disobeyed orders and turned their horses toward the bluffs. Somewhere in the . . . Map (db m181097) HM WM
18Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — The Sand Creek MassacreSand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
On November 29, 1864, U.S. Colonel John Chivington and 700 volunteer troops attacked an encampment of Cheyenne and Arapaho along Sand Creek. The thunderous approach of horses galloping toward camp at dawn sent hundreds fleeing from their tipis. Many . . . Map (db m180927) HM
19Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Troops Approach the Village
Pony Herds Threatened First to see soldiers approaching were two young men, King Fisher and Little Bear, who were tending the horse herds grazing to the south. In 1906, Little Bear described that fateful day: “As I was going . . . Map (db m181575) HM
20Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Welcome to the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
We ran up the creek with the cavalry following us…The dry bed of the stream was now a terrible sight: men, women, and children lying thickly scattered on the sand, some dead and the rest too badly wounded to move… George . . . Map (db m181944) HM WM
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21Colorado (Kiowa County), Chivington — Why A 33 Star Flag
The flag before you represents the flag that flew from Chief Black Kettle's lodge on the morning of November 29, 1864, when his encampment of friendly Cheyenne and Arapaho was brutally attacked by the Colorado (U.S.) Volunteer Cavalry. The . . . Map (db m184925) HM
 
 
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Dec. 1, 2022