“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oxford in Talbot County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

1668-1710: Oxford's Beginnings

The Oxford Museum

— A Special Place; A Special Heritage —

1668-1710: Oxford's Beginnings Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), August 27, 2022
1. 1668-1710: Oxford's Beginnings Marker
A parcel of land, including the area that will become Oxford, is traded from Edward Lloyd to William Stephens, Jr., a Quaker from Dorchester County.

The name "Oxford" first appears on a map of Maryland and Virginia drawn by Augustin Hermann.

William Stephens, Jr. donates 100 acres of his land for the establishment of the town of Oxford.

Talbot County authorizes ferry service across the Tred Avon River at Oxford, paying Richard Royston 2,500 pounds of tobacco per year to operate the enterprise.

Oxford is already engaged in shipbuilding and commerce with England.

Oxford's first commissioners propose a plan of the town and divide the 100-acre parcel into building lots, reserving parcels to be used for commercial purposes, for bonded warehouses, and for pasture.

The Maryland General Assembly officially establishes Oxford as Port of Entry for British shipping.

Annapolis becomes the new capital of Maryland, replacing St. Mary's City.

Oxford's name is briefly
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changed to Williamstad in honor of Britain's king William III.

One of Oxford's first houses, Byberry, is built.

Oxford's streets are laid out once again. The town's park is designated as the "ye Market Place," and the current Morris Street as "ye High Streett." "Ye Cross Streett" is today's Market St., "ye Back Streett" is now Tilghman St.

The earliest surviving plan of Oxford, preserved in the Museum's collection, is drawn on goat skin.

There are over 1600 enslaved Africans and 300 indentured European servants working on Maryland's Eastern Shore plantations.

Oxford is a colonial shipbuilding center. Skillington's yard at the mouth of Trippe Creek is the largest shipyard in Maryland.
Erected by The Oxford Museum.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansAgricultureColonial EraIndustry & CommerceSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Quakerism series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1668.
Location. 38° 41.344′ N, 76° 10.345′ W. Marker is in Oxford, Maryland, in Talbot County. Marker can be reached from the intersection
1668-1710: Oxford's Beginnings Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), August 27, 2022
2. 1668-1710: Oxford's Beginnings Marker
of South Morris Street and Market Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 103 S Morris St, Oxford MD 21654, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Before There Was an Oxford (here, next to this marker); 1812-1865: Rebuilding (here, next to this marker); 1738-1793: Boom and Bust (here, next to this marker); 1900-1950: Holding On (here, next to this marker); 1870-1900: Oxford Booms Again (here, next to this marker); 1952-Present: Oxford Rises Again (here, next to this marker); The Robert Morris Inn (approx. ¼ mile away); Oxford Wharf (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oxford.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 28, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 28, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 74 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 28, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Sep. 27, 2023