Cambridge in Dorchester County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
High Street District & Bayly House
Through Blood and Tears
— Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
One of the oldest buildings in Cambridge, the Caile-Bayly house was built sometime in the mid-18th century. Based on archaeology and analysis by architectural historians, the one-room cabin behind the house appears to have initially functioned as an office or kitchen. In the mid-19th century, it was moved to its current location. Late 19th century artifacts suggest the cabin served as a home for at least some period of time. Due to multiple functions of out buildings with enslaved workers, use of the cabin as seasonal and/or temporary sleeping quarters during the mid-19th century should not be ruled out.
On October 17, 1857, Lizzie Amby, a woman enslaved by Dr. Alexander Bayly, left the Bayly House with her husband, Nat and ran off with 13 others from Cambridge. They used safe houses, temporarily stopping to rest and gather supplies and money as they made their way north along the Underground Railroad. At one stop, an abolitionist asked Nat if Lizzie would fight for her freedom; he replied, "I have heard her say he would wade through blood and tears for her freedom." We know that they arrived safely in New York because Nat
Travel back in time on our Augmented Reality/Virtual REality app, and witness Lizzie Amby share her fears and dreams as she prepares to make her escape to freedom on the Underground Railroad. Download the free app from the Apple or Google Play stores.
Right: When enslaved people ran away, their owners would publish advertisements in the local newspapers. Often large rewards would be offered to make it harder for the fugitive to escape capture. Alexander Bayly placed this ad for the return of Lizzie Amby in the local Democrat newspaper on Oct. 19, 1857.
Erected by America's Byways; Maryland Heritage Area Authority. (Marker Number 4.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Anthropology & Archaeology • Architecture • Women. In addition, it is included in the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway series list. A significant historical date for this entry is June 10, 1858.
Location. 38° 34.364′ N, 76° 4.536′ W. Marker is in Cambridge, Maryland, in Dorchester County. Marker is on High Street north of Court Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 207 High St, Cambridge MD 21613, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Bayly Historic Site (here, next to this marker); Goldsborough House (a few steps from this marker); This Bell (within shouting distance of this marker); Gov. Emerson Columbus Harrington (within shouting distance of this marker); Patriot John Brohawn (within shouting distance of this marker); Patriot Lt. John Stewart McNamara (within shouting distance of this marker); Patriot Richard Pattison (within shouting distance of this marker); Governor John Henry (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cambridge.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 29, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 29, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 75 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 29, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.