Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Phoebus - The Gateway To The New World
It began as a settlement for defenders and artisans of Fort Algernourne, the first fortification on the site of present day Fort Monroe, and later served as a port of call for freight and passenger ships.
By the Revolutionary War the community was called Mill Creek and on July 22, 1781 three hundred British soldiers landed at this small port and plundered the village.
At the onset of the Civil War, Union Troops were rushed to Fortress Monroe and garrisoned on farm land surrounding Mill Creek. Many slaves that had traveled the underground to freedom at the Fortress took refuge in the village. At War's end Jefferson Davis was imprisoned at Fortress Monroe and the village blacksmith was called to apply the shackles to the defeated President of the Confederacy.
The establishment of the first school to educate Native-Indians and Freed Blacks (now Hampton University) and the establishment of a Civil War Veterans
April 1, 1900 the town was incorporated and took the name of Phoebus in honor of Harrison Phoebus, a prominent citizand and owner of the luxurious Hygeia Hotel at Fort Monroe.
Phoebus continued to grow and flourish during both World Wars as troops passed through to the port of embarkation at Old Point Comfort.
In 1952 the town was consolidated into the City of Hampton but never lost its strong sense of identity and pride.
Today this vital historical small town within the City of Hampton begins another century by preserving and honoring its past and working together to assure its future.
April 1, 2000
Dedicated with the Generouse
Support of the Phoebus Community,
The Phoebus Improvement League
Erected 2000 by the Phoebus Improvement League.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RR • Colonial Era • Forts and Castles • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil • War, US Revolutionary. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1901.
Location. 37° 1.085′ N, 76° 19.29′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23663, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Harrison Phoebus (within shouting distance of this marker); Phoebus Life (within shouting distance of this marker); Town Hall / Fire Department (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); In Memoriam (about 300 feet away); Phoebus (approx. 0.2 miles away); Saint Mary Star Of The Sea And Its School (approx. ¼ mile away); Camp Hamilton (approx. 0.3 miles away); War of 1812 (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 11, 2018. It was originally submitted on July 26, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,083 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 26, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.