“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Oakville in Lawrence County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)

Historic Indians

Historic Indians image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, August 8, 2009
1. Historic Indians
Inscription.  Five Historic Indian tribes lived in this area. By 1701, The Yuchi were living at the shoals on the Tennessee River. In early 1700s the Yuchi left, some moving to the Cherokee Nation on the Hiwassee River, TN and others to Chattahoochee River, GA. After a dispute with the Cherokee, some Yuchi moved south to the AL - GA border. Although some Creeks lived in the area by the late 1700s, their lands lay south of the Tennessee Divide. The treaty of Fort Jackson took Creek lands in southern Lawrence County in 1814. The Shawnees moved to the shoals from the Cumberland and Ohio Rivers. Leftwich (1935) says the Chickasaws and Cherokees forced the Shawnees from the Tennessee Valley in 1721. By 1760, Chickasaws moved into the Tennessee Valley from the west. The Chickasaw Boundary Treaty (10 Jan 1786) gave Chickasaws ownership of the area. In 1769, Cherokees challenged the Chickasaw in the Battle of Chickasaw Oldfields south of Huntsville. By 1770, Cherokees were established in Lawrence County. The Chickasaws and Cherokees lived in peace within the Tennessee Valley until the Turkey Town Treaty of 1816 mandated their removal. Today, descendants of the Creeks,
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Cherokees, and Chickasaws, among others, live in Lawrence County.
Erected by Lawrence County Historical Commission Inc.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansNotable EventsNotable PlacesWars, US Indian. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1786.
Location. 34° 26.731′ N, 87° 10.716′ W. Marker is near Oakville, Alabama, in Lawrence County. Located inside Oakville Indian Mound Park near Copena Burial Mound. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Danville AL 35619, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Copena Burial Mound (a few steps from this marker); Town of Oakville (within shouting distance of this marker); Doublehead (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cherokee Council House Museum (about 600 feet away); Cherokee Indian Removal (approx. ¼ mile away); Oakville Indian Mound (approx. ¼ mile away); Creek Indian Removal (approx. ¼ mile away); Streight's Raid (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oakville.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on March 4, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 1,530 times since then and 11 times this year. Last updated on September 21, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. Photo   1. submitted on September 21, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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May. 9, 2021