“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Franklin in Macon County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Nikwasi Mound

Cherokee Heritage Trails

Nikwasi Mound-Cherokee Heritage Trails image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe
1. Nikwasi Mound-Cherokee Heritage Trails
Inscription.  You are standing on land that has been part of a town for about three thousand years. This mound was the spiritual, political, and physical center of the Cherokee town of Nikwasi. A council house or town house on top of the mound held the sacred fire, and everyone gathered there to hear news, make decisions, dance, and participate in ceremonies. Surrounding the mound were about one hundred houses, a field for playing stickball, and a dance ground, as well as hundreds of acres of crops, orchards, and gardens.

The Cherokee dominated the southern Appalachians for thousands of years. When Alexander Cuming visited Nikwasi in 1730, the Cherokees had men and women leaders in autonomous towns that functioned democratically. Cuming called a council here that was attended by more than two thousand representatives from Cherokee towns. Cuming chose an Emperor, and took a Cherokee delegation to London. In 1761 the British, former allies of the Cherokee, destroyed Nikwasi. After the Cherokees rebuilt, the Americans destroyed it in 1776. The Cherokees rebuilt again and lived here until this area was taken by the Treaty of 1819.

A Cherokee
Nikwasi Marker with the mound in the background image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe
2. Nikwasi Marker with the mound in the background
Click or scan to see
this page online
legend tells that spirit warriors came out of the mound to help defend the Cherokee against an attack when the Cherokee men were away hunting. The legend goes on to say that the spirit warriors also saved the town of Franklin from destruction during the Civil War.

The Nikwasi mound is one of the largest surviving mounds in the original Cherokee territory of 140,000 square miles. In 1946, the schoolchildren of Macon County saved their pennies and bought the mound through the Macon County Historical Society to save it from development. It is now owned by the Town of Franklin.
Erected 2008 by Cherokee Heritage Trails.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyColonial EraMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1730.
Location. 35° 11.09′ N, 83° 22.401′ W. Marker is in Franklin, North Carolina, in Macon County. Marker is at the intersection of East Main Street (Business U.S. 441) and Nikwasi Lane, on the left when traveling east on East Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Franklin NC 28734, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Nikwasi (here, next to this marker); The North Carolina Bartram Trail (approx. half a mile away); William Bartram Naturalist (approx. half
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
a mile away); Battle of Echoe (approx. half a mile away); Gem Mining (approx. half a mile away); Macon County Confederate Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Dixie Hall (approx. half a mile away); Thomas's Legion (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 20, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 663 times since then and 114 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 19, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
Paid Advertisements

Nov. 29, 2022