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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Enon in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Historic Point of Rocks

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign

 
 
Historic Point of Rocks Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 28, 2017
1. Historic Point of Rocks Marker
Inscription. Point of Rocks takes its name from a 60-foot high sandstone cliff located here along the Appomattox River. The site was used by Native Americans as a camp and observation point, and was mentioned by Captain John Smith in his notes on Virginia. A trading post was established here in 1642 by Abraham Wood. The land passed through his heirs for 371 years, making Point of Rocks one of the oldest properties in the country continuously owned by one family. At the time of the Civil War, Point of Rocks was owned by Rev. John Alexander Strachan, the founder of Enon Baptist Church and minister to several congregations in the area.

During the Civil War, the area saw fighting on June 28, 1862, when Federal gunboats led by the ironclads USS Galena and USS Monitor fired on the bluffs here during an unsuccessful raid to destroy a railroad bridge upriver.

The Union army occupied Point of Rocks when the Army of the James landed at Bermuda Hundred in May 1864. A hospital was constructed here that grew into one of the largest of the Civil War. By the end of the war, over 2,500 soldiers were buried in the cemetery that was established here. In 1866 the bodies were removed and placed in City Point National Cemetery in Hopewell. The large outcropping of rock in the southern end of the property was quarried and used
Historic Point of Rocks Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 28, 2017
2. Historic Point of Rocks Marker
to build the fence around that cemetery.

During the first weeks of the siege of Petersburg, Red Cross founder Clara Barton served at Point of Rocks as superintendent of nurses.

On March 27, 1865, Abraham Lincoln visited the hospital here. This was just days before the fall of Petersburg and Richmond. Lincoln was shot at Fordís Theater 18 days after he visited here.

In 1866 Rev. Strachan petitioned the Freedman's Bureau for the return of his land. After proving his ownership in court Strachan and his family returned to their property in 1866 and he spent the rest of his life here.

In 2013 the descendants of Rev. Strachan sold the property to Chesterfield County. The sale was made possible by a grant from the Land and Water Conservation Fund and the American Battlefield Protection Program administered by the National Park Service. Historic Point of Rocks Park is the culmination of years of work done by a dedicated group of volunteers and the children of Evelyn L. Cox whose wish was to preserve this land and its history for future generations.

(captions)
A view of Point of Rooks from the Appomattox River in 1864. The rocks were quarried after the war and used to build the wall around City Point National Cemetery.(Library of Congress)

USS Galena (left) and USS Monitor (right).
Historic Point of Rocks image. Click for full size.
circa 1865
3. Historic Point of Rocks
Both ships took part in a raid on the Appomattox River at Pont of Rocks.(Library of Congress)

This sign was sponsored by the Chesterfield County Sesquicentennial Committee
 
Erected 2016 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
 
Location. 37° 19.232′ N, 77° 20.228′ W. Marker is in Enon, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Enon Church Road (Virginia Route 746) and Point of Rocks Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located in Historic Point of Rocks Park (under development). Marker is at or near this postal address: 1005 Enon Church Rd, Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Crimean Ovens (a few steps from this marker); The Strachan House (within shouting distance of this marker); Point of Rocks Hospital (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Nurses at Point of Rocks Hospital (about 300 feet away); Pontoon Bridge (about 500 feet away); The United States Submarine Propeller Alligator (about
James River, Va. Effect of Confederate shot on Federal Ironclad GALENA image. Click for full size.
By James F. Gibson, 1862
4. James River, Va. Effect of Confederate shot on Federal Ironclad GALENA
Library of Congress LC-B811-488
500 feet away); The Appomattox River Raid, June 26-28, 1862 (about 500 feet away); The First Attacks on Petersburg (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Enon.
 
Also see . . .  Bermuda Hundred Sign Campaign. Blue & Gray Education Society (Submitted on October 30, 2017.) 
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesScience & MedicineWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
[James River, Va. Deck and turret of U.S.S. Monitor seen from the bow (i.e. stern)] image. Click for full size.
By James F. Gibson, July 9, 1862
5. [James River, Va. Deck and turret of U.S.S. Monitor seen from the bow (i.e. stern)]
Library of Congress LC-B811-486
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 31, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 57 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on October 31, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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