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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
La Mesilla in Municipality of Tecozautla, Hidalgo, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl)

 
 
Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
1. Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker
Inscription.
Altar circular o rueda del sacrificio (Temalácatl)
El mejor guerrero enemigo, un prisionero de alto rango o un tlatoani (gobernante, Onahñä en hanñhñu) de otro pueblo se colocaba encima de este altar para celebrar un combate ritual. Atado de una pierna y, llevando consigo armas falsas, se enfrentaba con un guerrero local, quien no sólo tenía libertad de movimiento, sino que utilizaba armas reales.

Una vez herido - como solía ocurrir - , era conducido al lugar del sacrificio, donde se le extraía el corazón.

Esta ceremonia era llamada tlacaxipehualiztli (Anttzayoh, en hñahñu), es decir, el Rayamiento. Se realizaba en marzo, durante el equinoccio de primavera, mes dedicado a Xipe Totec: Nuestro Señor el Desollado.

Pie de dibujo: Ritual gladiatorio (Manuscrito Tovar)

English:
Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl)
The best enemy warrior, a high-ranking prisoner or a Tlatoani (ruler, Onahñä, in Hañhñu) from another town would be placed on top of this altar to celebrate a combat ritual.

The prisoner, with his legs tied and carrying fake weapons, would confront a local warrior who not only was free to move but also used real weapons.

This ceremony was called Tlacaxipehualiztli (Anttzayoh, in Hñahñu), that is, Flaying.
Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
2. Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker
The marker is to the left in this view towards the north, with the Pyramid of the Sun seen in the background.
It was performed in March during the spring equinox, a month dedicated to Xipe Totec: Our Lord the Flayed One.

Caption (English translation): Gladiator ritual (from the Tovar Manuscript)
 
Erected by Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (CONACULTA) y el Instituto Nacional de Anthropología e Historia (INAH).
 
Location. 20° 30.308′ N, 99° 41.083′ W. Marker is in La Mesilla, Hidalgo, in Municipality of Tecozautla. Marker can be reached from Entrada del Sitio Arqueológico de Pahñu, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: La Mesilla, Hidalgo 42460, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun (within shouting distance of this marker); The Plaza and the Xiuhtecuhtli Temple (within shouting distance of this marker); The Calendar on the Landscape (within shouting distance of this marker); Message in the Soil: Geoglyph (within shouting distance of this marker); Tecpan: “The Government House” (within shouting distance of this marker); Tecpan: The Place of Duality (within
Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
3. Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker
The Wheel of Sacrifice (or Temalácatl) can be seen to the right.
shouting distance of this marker); The Path of the Sun (within shouting distance of this marker); Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in La Mesilla.
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative AmericansWars, Non-US
 
The manuscript detail from the Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
4. The manuscript detail from the Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) Marker
This type of ritual was given a new twist in Gary Jennings' 1980 novel, Aztec, where Armed Scorpion was given the option of fighting on the "Battle Stone" instead of being sacrificed.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 23, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 23, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 66 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 23, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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