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York in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Penn Common

 
 
Penn Common Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 1, 2008
1. Penn Common Marker
Inscription. York, Pennsylvania. Since 1741, when the town of York was founded, Penn Common has been used as an area for public gatherings. In 1816, the Common was deeded to the Borough of York by the heirs of William Penn, to be kept as a “public Common forever.” During the Civil War it became the site of a military hospital where over 14,000 Union troops were treated. In 1890, the City of York developed this land into a public park for its citizens.

Renovations: 1979. Funded by the City of York and the U.S. Heritage Conservation Recreation Service. Aided by the Pennsylvania Department of Community Affairs and the Penn Common Planning Committee.
 
Erected 1979.
 
Location. 39° 57.454′ N, 76° 43.661′ W. Marker is in York, Pennsylvania, in York County. Marker is at the intersection of West College Avenue and South Beaver Street on West College Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: York PA 17401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Soldiers and Sailors of the Late War of the Rebellion (within shouting distance of this marker); James Smallwood Schoolhouse (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); York County Prison
Plan for the Civil War Hospital image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 1, 2008
2. Plan for the Civil War Hospital
(approx. ¼ mile away); Major John Clark (approx. 0.3 miles away); Globe Inn (approx. 0.3 miles away); York and York County World War II Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); Colonel Thomas Hartley (approx. 0.3 miles away); Cherry Lane (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in York.
 
Also see . . .  York’s U.S. Army Hospital. 2007 Short essay by Scott Mingus. (Submitted on March 2, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.) 
 
Additional keywords. ‘Squire’ Baxton, ‘Mad’ Anthony Wayne
 
Categories. Colonial EraWar of 1812War, US Civil
 
Tablet on Concrete Pedestal, and a Corner of the Commons image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 1, 2008
3. Tablet on Concrete Pedestal, and a Corner of the Commons
Soldiers and Sailors of the War of the Rebellion Monument image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 1, 2008
4. Soldiers and Sailors of the War of the Rebellion Monument
This monument is just down the brick walk from the marker. Can be seen down the length of Beaver Street.
Birdseye View of Penn Common, York, PA image. Click for full size.
circa 1916
5. Birdseye View of Penn Common, York, PA
Postcard No. 25912 published by Fair & Square Bargain House, York, Pa., reads “Penn Park. Long known as ‘The Commons.’ Given by Penn’s heirs, 1741. First embraced 20, then 16 acres. Early used as public pasture ground. Then by circuses, Militia musters and ‘Squire’ Baxton. Used by ‘Mad’ Anthony Wayne and his soldiers in Revolution; 7,000 soldiers encamped upon it in 1814 for assistance and defense of Baltimore. First York County Agricultural Fair held upon it in 1853. From 1861–5 used by soldiers and by government hospitals; 14,000 sick and wounded soldiers treated, of whom several hundred died and were buried on a plot in Prospect Hill Cemetery. Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument 60 ft. high erected on it in 1898. Many other improvements made. A large public library may be placed on its site in near future. —Dr. I. H. Betz.”
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 2, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,232 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 2, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   5. submitted on March 6, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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