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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road

 
 
The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road Marker image. Click for full size.
October 4, 2008
1. The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road Marker
Inscription.  The Great Indian Road, called Philadelphia Wagon Road by many settlers, was developed by Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) warriors traveling in the 1700s through the Great Valley of the Appalachians (which they called Jonontore) from Cohongaronto (north of the Potomac), to raid the Catawba in the Carolinas. In 1743, Iroquois headmen complained that Europeans had settled along the road, a treaty violation. The Lancaster Treaty of 1744 clarified the road’s direction and acknowledged the Iroquois’ right to travel through Frederick County to New River settlements and farther south. This road later brought immigrants to the Valley in Conestoga wagons. Today U.S. Route 11 generally follows the historic road.
 
Erected 2008 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number Q-4.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraNative AmericansRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 39° 13.166′ N, 78° 7.998′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in
The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road Marker image. Click for full size.
October 4, 2008
2. The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road Marker
Is on the right in this trio of historical markers.
Frederick County. Marker is on Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11) 0.4 miles east of Interstate 81, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 111 Merchant Street, Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Action of Rutherford’s Farm (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hackwood Park (about 700 feet away); Battle of Rutherford's Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rutherford's Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); John Rutherford's Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); Three Battlefields (approx. 0.7 miles away); The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 0.7 miles away); The First Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
Also see . . .
1. Lancaster Treaty of 1744. (Submitted on October 5, 2008.)
2. Mapping the Great Wagon Road. (Submitted on October 5, 2008.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 26, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 5, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,395 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 5, 2008. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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Jan. 22, 2021