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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Zittlestown

 
Clickable Map of Frederick County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Frederick County, MD (458) Carroll County, MD (119) Howard County, MD (116) Montgomery County, MD (525) Washington County, MD (835) Adams County, PA (1329) Franklin County, PA (182) Loudoun County, VA (252)  FrederickCounty(458) Frederick County (458)  CarrollCounty(119) Carroll County (119)  HowardCounty(116) Howard County (116)  MontgomeryCounty(525) Montgomery County (525)  WashingtonCounty(835) Washington County (835)  AdamsCountyPennsylvania(1329) Adams County (1329)  FranklinCounty(182) Franklin County (182)  LoudounCountyVirginia(252) Loudoun County (252)
Zittlestown, Maryland and Vicinity
    Frederick County (458)
    Carroll County (119)
    Howard County (116)
    Montgomery County (525)
    Washington County (835)
    Adams County, Pennsylvania (1329)
    Franklin County, Pennsylvania (182)
    Loudoun County, Virginia (252)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Maryland (Frederick County), Zittlestown — Dalgren Chapel
This chapel of St. Joseph of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was built about 1881 by Madeline Vinton Dalgren, widow of Rear Admiral, John A. Dalgren, U.S.N., inventor of the Dalgren Gun, the armament used by the U.S.S. Monitor vs the C.S.S. Virginia . . . — Map (db m157776) HM
2Maryland (Frederick County), Zittlestown — South Mountain SummitWhat an Ideal Location for a Break!
As early as 1750, Robert Turner bought land here on the top of South Mountain. The date of construction is unknown, but by 1790 a full-fledged inn was in operation at “Turner’s Gap.” Since then, the building has been in almost . . . — Map (db m1600) HM
3Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 13th N.C. Regiment of Gen. Garland's Brigade
On the morning of September 14, 1862, Brig. General Samuel Garland deployed his troops along the Ridge Rd. (Lamb's Knoll Rd.). The 13th North Carolina under the command of Lt. Col. Thomas Ruffin, Jr. in his report describes the morning action. . . . — Map (db m158409) HM
4Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1732Milestones in the Life of Washington
1732: Born, Westmoreland Co. VA. — Map (db m145971) HM
5Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1749 / 1753-58[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1749: Surveyor of Culpepper Co., Va. 1753-58: Officer in French and Indian War — Map (db m145972) HM
6Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1759 / 1758-74[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1759: Marries Martha Custis. 1758-74: Member, VA. House of Burgesses. — Map (db m145973) HM
7Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1774 / 1775[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1774: VA. Delegate to 1st Continental Congress 1775: Appointed Commander-in-Chief — Map (db m145974) HM
8Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1776 / 1777[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1776: Loses N.Y. to British Declaration signed 1777: British occupy Philadelphia Winter at Valley Forge — Map (db m145977) HM
9Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1781 / 1783[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1781: British surrender at Yorktown. 1783: British recognize American Independence. — Map (db m145978) HM
10Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1789[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1789: Federal Constitution ratified; Washington becomes President — Map (db m145979) HM
11Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1797 / 1799[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1797: Leaves presidency 1799: Dies at Mt. Vernon — Map (db m145981) HM
12Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George . . . — Map (db m1520) HM
13Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 19th Century BackpackerThe Civil War Soldier — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
An unnamed citizen of Frederick City said the following of the Confederates he had beheld marching through his hometown: “I have never seen a mass of such filthy strong-smelling men. Three in a room would make it unbearable, and when marching . . . — Map (db m1521) HM
14Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 19th Century Backpacker"A lean and hungry set of wolves" — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
"I have never seen a mass of such filthy strong-smelling men. Three in a room would make it unbearable, and when marching in column along the street the smell from them was most offensive… The filth that pervades them is most remarkable… They . . . — Map (db m157781) HM
15Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Battle at South MountainA Natural Barrier — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
The Battle of South Mountain erupted on September 14, 1862, when elements of the Union army tried to drive the Confederate rear guard from Crampton’s, Fox’s, and Turner’s Gaps and break through to the western side of the mountain to attack . . . — Map (db m1519) HM
16Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Deaths of Two Generals“Hallo, Sam, I’m dead!” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
The fight for Fox’s Gap on September 14, 1862, claimed the lives of two generals, one from each side. Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland, a Lynchburg, Virginia native, attended the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington and later obtained his law . . . — Map (db m455) HM
17Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — John Collins
Native of Frederick County, skilled hunter and a superintendent of provisions with the Lewis and Clark expedition, John Collins was the first Marylander to cross the North American continent. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were charged by Thomas . . . — Map (db m1904) HM
18Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno
(front) 9th Army Corps. September 14, 1862. Reno. (west side) This monument marks the spot where Major Gen. Jesse Lee Reno, commanding 9th Army Corps U.S. Vol’s, was killed in battle Sept. 14, 1862. (south . . . — Map (db m158614) HM
19Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Near Here in Wise’s Field
Near here in Wise's field on the morning of Sept. 14, 1862, Brigadier General Samuel Garland, Jr. C.S.A. of Lynchburg, Virginia fell mortally wounded while leading his men. — Map (db m429) HM
20Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — North Carolina
(Front Side): In Memory of the North Carolinians who fought at or near here September 14, 1862. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 20th, 23rd, 30th Infantry and Manly's and Reilly's Battery, 1st NC Artillery. General . . . — Map (db m4325) HM
21Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — S580C — Stonewall Regiment
More than 90,000 Michigan men served in the Union Army and Navy during the Civil War. The 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment was mustered at the Detroit Barracks in August 1862 under the command of Colonel William H. Withington. The regiment . . . — Map (db m158389) HM
22Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The "Wiregrass" Georgians50th Georgia Regiment, CSA
A few hundred feet north of this site, the 50th Georgia Infantry Regiment, of Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Drayton's Brigade, was decimated by elements of Gen. Orlando B. Willcox's 3,600-man Federal division on the late afternoon of September 14, 1862. . . . — Map (db m158405) HM
23Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Battle for Fox’s Gap“Hell is empty and all the devils are here.” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
As Confederate Gen. D.H. Hill’s division struggled to hold the gaps of South Mountain on September 14, 1862, the fighting here at Fox’s Gap raged throughout the day. About 9 a.m., Gen. Jesse L. Reno’s corps attacked Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland’s . . . — Map (db m454) HM
24Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Dahlgren Chapel
This chapel was built around 1881 by Madeline Vinton Dahlgren, widow of Admiral John A. Dahlgren, USN, inventor of the Dahlgren gun, the armament used by the USS Monitor against the CSS Virginia, formerly the steam frigate USS Merrimack. — Map (db m1297) HM
25Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The First Completed Monument Dedicated to the Memory of George Washington
In commemoration of the first completed monument dedicated to the memory of George Washington. Citizens of Boonsboro on July 4, 1827 marched behind the Stars and Stripes to this site and built the tower to 15 feet. They returned to . . . — Map (db m129050) HM
26Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Lost Orders
No other document of the Civil War has generated so much controversy as Lee's Special Orders No. 191. These “Lost Orders” detailed the movements of Lee's army for the operation against Harpers Ferry. On September 9 Lee sent copies of the . . . — Map (db m2042) HM
27Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders
(Left Side) On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into . . . — Map (db m2040) HM
28Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T.P. 1 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 1
Between September 4th and 7th, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, commanding, crossed the Potomac near Leesburg and occupied Frederick, Maryland. On the 10th a movement was made to surround and capture the Union forces at . . . — Map (db m1594) HM
29Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 2 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 2
In the advance of the Union forces to repel the invasion of Maryland by the Confederates, the Army of the Potomac commanded by Major General Geo. B. McClellan, moved northward from Washington with its front extending from near the Baltimore and Ohio . . . — Map (db m1595) HM
30Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 3 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 3
Hill's five brigades were encamped at and around Boonsboro to prevent the escape of the Union forces at Harper's Ferry, through Pleasant Valley. Informed that two Union brigades were approaching Turner's Pass, Hill, on the evening of September 13, . . . — Map (db m1596) HM
31Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 4 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 4
Cox’s Division of the Ninth Corps moved from Middletown at 6 A. M., September 14, by the Frederick and Hagerstown Pike, turned to the left at Koogle’s Mill, on the Catoctin, nearly four miles southeast of this, and, marching on the old Sharpsburg . . . — Map (db m1597) HM
32Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 5 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 5
During the contest at Fox's Gap, Hooker's (First) Corps was operating east and northeast of this point. The First Corps left the Monocacy at daybreak, passed through Frederick and Middletown and between 3 and 4 P. M., leaving Gibbon's Brigade on the . . . — Map (db m1598) HM
33Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 6 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 6
When Hooker moved to the right at Bolivar by way of the Hagerstown road, Gibbon continued on the main road and attacked Colquitt, in position about 700 yards southeast of this point. He drove Colquitt's skirmishers and reached the bend in the road . . . — Map (db m1599) HM
34Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Washington MonumentSignal Station — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
During the Antietam Campaign, the U.S. Signal Corps used the stone structure as a signal station. On July 4, 1827, citizens of the town of Boonsboro paraded to the top of the mountain here and began building this first monument in the country . . . — Map (db m1886) HM
35Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Washington Monument
Volunteer villagers of nearby Boonesboro celebrated their Independence Day July 4, 1827, by building and dedicating this first monument to the memory of George Washington. Repaired and altered many times over a hundred years by patriotic citizens, . . . — Map (db m1908) HM
36Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Washington Monument State ParkHome of First Completed Monument to Honor George Washington
Background Overshadowed by the Battle of Antietam (near Sharpsburg), which took place three days later and resulted in a loss of 23,000 men, the Battle of South Mountain nevertheless played a crucial role in determining the outcome of . . . — Map (db m129047) HM
 
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Jan. 27, 2021