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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Zittlestown, Maryland

 
Clickable Map of Frederick County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Frederick County, MD (463) Carroll County, MD (119) Howard County, MD (116) Montgomery County, MD (525) Washington County, MD (830) Adams County, PA (1334) Franklin County, PA (182) Loudoun County, VA (252)  FrederickCounty(463) Frederick County (463)  CarrollCounty(119) Carroll County (119)  HowardCounty(116) Howard County (116)  MontgomeryCounty(525) Montgomery County (525)  WashingtonCounty(830) Washington County (830)  AdamsCountyPennsylvania(1334) Adams County (1334)  FranklinCounty(182) Franklin County (182)  LoudounCountyVirginia(252) Loudoun County (252)
Location of Zittlestown, Maryland
    Frederick County (463)
    Carroll County (119)
    Howard County (116)
    Montgomery County (525)
    Washington County (830)
    Adams County, Pennsylvania (1334)
    Franklin County, Pennsylvania (182)
    Loudoun County, Virginia (252)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Maryland (Frederick County), Zittlestown — Dalgren Chapel
On Old National Pike (Alternate U.S. 40) 0.1 miles west of Dahlgren Road, on the right when traveling west. Reported permanently removed.
This chapel of St. Joseph of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was built about 1881 by Madeline Vinton Dalgren, widow of Rear Admiral, John A. Dalgren, U.S.N., inventor of the Dalgren Gun, the armament used by the U.S.S. Monitor vs the C.S.S. Virginia . . . — Map (db m157776) HM
2Maryland (Frederick County), Zittlestown — South Mountain SummitWhat an Ideal Location for a Break!
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west on Old National Road.
As early as 1750, Robert Turner bought land here on the top of South Mountain. The date of construction is unknown, but by 1790 a full-fledged inn was in operation at “Turner’s Gap.” Since then, the building has been in almost . . . — Map (db m1600) HM
3Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 13th N.C. Regiment of Gen. Garland's Brigade
Near Reno Monument Road at Lamb's Knoll Road, on the left when traveling west.
On the morning of September 14, 1862, Brig. General Samuel Garland deployed his troops along the Ridge Rd. (Lamb's Knoll Rd.). The 13th North Carolina under the command of Lt. Col. Thomas Ruffin, Jr. in his report describes the morning action. . . . — Map (db m158409) HM
4Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1732Milestones in the Life of Washington
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1732: Born, Westmoreland Co. VA. — Map (db m145971) HM
5Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1749 / 1753-58[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1749: Surveyor of Culpepper Co., Va. 1753-58: Officer in French and Indian War — Map (db m145972) HM
6Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1759 / 1758-74[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1759: Marries Martha Custis. 1758-74: Member, VA. House of Burgesses. — Map (db m145973) HM
7Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1774 / 1775[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1774: VA. Delegate to 1st Continental Congress 1775: Appointed Commander-in-Chief — Map (db m145974) HM
8Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1776 / 1777[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1776: Loses N.Y. to British Declaration signed 1777: British occupy Philadelphia Winter at Valley Forge — Map (db m145977) HM
9Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1781 / 1783[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1781: British surrender at Yorktown. 1783: British recognize American Independence. — Map (db m145978) HM
10Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1789[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1789: Federal Constitution ratified; Washington becomes President — Map (db m145979) HM
11Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1797 / 1799[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
On Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling north.
1797: Leaves presidency 1799: Dies at Mt. Vernon — Map (db m145981) HM
12Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
On U.S. 40 Alternate (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling east on U.S. 40 Alternate.
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George . . . — Map (db m1520) HM
13Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 19th Century BackpackerThe Civil War Soldier — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Old National Pike (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling east on Old National Pike. Reported permanently removed.
An unnamed citizen of Frederick City said the following of the Confederates he had beheld marching through his hometown: “I have never seen a mass of such filthy strong-smelling men. Three in a room would make it unbearable, and when marching . . . — Map (db m1521) HM
14Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — 19th Century Backpacker"A lean and hungry set of wolves" — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Old National Pike (Alternate U.S. 40) just east of Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling east.
"I have never seen a mass of such filthy strong-smelling men. Three in a room would make it unbearable, and when marching in column along the street the smell from them was most offensive… The filth that pervades them is most remarkable… They . . . — Map (db m157781) HM
15Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Battle at South MountainA Natural Barrier — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On U.S. 40 Alternate (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling east on U.S. 40 Alternate.
The Battle of South Mountain erupted on September 14, 1862, when elements of the Union army tried to drive the Confederate rear guard from Crampton’s, Fox’s, and Turner’s Gaps and break through to the western side of the mountain to attack . . . — Map (db m1519) HM
16Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Deaths of Two Generals“Hallo, Sam, I’m dead!” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Reno Monument Road near the Appalachian Trail, on the left when traveling west.
The fight for Fox’s Gap on September 14, 1862, claimed the lives of two generals, one from each side. Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland, a Lynchburg, Virginia native, attended the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington and later obtained his law . . . — Map (db m455) HM
17Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — John Collins
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west on Old National Road.
Native of Frederick County, skilled hunter and a superintendent of provisions with the Lewis and Clark expedition, John Collins was the first Marylander to cross the North American continent. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were charged by Thomas . . . — Map (db m1904) HM
18Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno
On Reno Monument Road at the Appalachian Trail, on the left when traveling west on Reno Monument Road.
(front) 9th Army Corps. September 14, 1862. Reno. (west side) This monument marks the spot where Major Gen. Jesse Lee Reno, commanding 9th Army Corps U.S. Vol’s, was killed in battle Sept. 14, 1862. (south . . . — Map (db m158614) HM
19Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Near Here in Wise’s Field
On Reno Monument Road at the Appalachian Trail, on the left when traveling west on Reno Monument Road.
Near here in Wise's field on the morning of Sept. 14, 1862, Brigadier General Samuel Garland, Jr. C.S.A. of Lynchburg, Virginia fell mortally wounded while leading his men. — Map (db m429) HM
20Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — North Carolina
Near South Mountain Natural Environmental Area Service, on the right when traveling south.
(Front Side): In Memory of the North Carolinians who fought at or near here September 14, 1862. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 20th, 23rd, 30th Infantry and Manly's and Reilly's Battery, 1st NC Artillery. General . . . — Map (db m4325) HM
21Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — S580C — Stonewall Regiment
On Reno Monument Road at the Appalachian Trail, on the right when traveling west on Reno Monument Road.
More than 90,000 Michigan men served in the Union Army and Navy during the Civil War. The 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment was mustered at the Detroit Barracks in August 1862 under the command of Colonel William H. Withington. The regiment . . . — Map (db m158389) HM
22Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The "Wiregrass" Georgians50th Georgia Regiment, CSA
Near Reno Monument Road at Lamb's Knoll Road, on the left when traveling west.
A few hundred feet north of this site, the 50th Georgia Infantry Regiment, of Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Drayton's Brigade, was decimated by elements of Gen. Orlando B. Willcox's 3,600-man Federal division on the late afternoon of September 14, 1862. . . . — Map (db m158405) HM
23Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Battle for Fox’s Gap“Hell is empty and all the devils are here.” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Reno Monument Road at the Appalachian Trail, on the left when traveling west on Reno Monument Road.
As Confederate Gen. D.H. Hill’s division struggled to hold the gaps of South Mountain on September 14, 1862, the fighting here at Fox’s Gap raged throughout the day. About 9 a.m., Gen. Jesse L. Reno’s corps attacked Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland’s . . . — Map (db m454) HM
24Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Dahlgren Chapel
On Historic National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Dahlgren Road, on the right when traveling west on Historic National Road.
This chapel was built around 1881 by Madeline Vinton Dahlgren, widow of Admiral John A. Dahlgren, USN, inventor of the Dahlgren gun, the armament used by the USS Monitor against the CSS Virginia, formerly the steam frigate USS Merrimack. — Map (db m1297) HM
25Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The First Completed Monument Dedicated to the Memory of George Washington
Near Washington Monument Road 0.3 miles north of Zittlestown Road, on the right when traveling north.
In commemoration of the first completed monument dedicated to the memory of George Washington. Citizens of Boonsboro on July 4, 1827 marched behind the Stars and Stripes to this site and built the tower to 15 feet. They returned to . . . — Map (db m129050) HM
26Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Lost Orders
On Reno Monument Road at the Appalachian Trail, on the left when traveling west on Reno Monument Road.
No other document of the Civil War has generated so much controversy as Lee's Special Orders No. 191. These “Lost Orders” detailed the movements of Lee's army for the operation against Harpers Ferry. On September 9 Lee sent copies of the . . . — Map (db m2042) HM
27Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — The Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders
On U.S. 40 Alternate (Alternate U.S. 40) near Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west.
(Left Side) On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into . . . — Map (db m2040) HM
28Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T.P. 1 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 1
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west on Old National Road.
Between September 4th and 7th, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, commanding, crossed the Potomac near Leesburg and occupied Frederick, Maryland. On the 10th a movement was made to surround and capture the Union forces at . . . — Map (db m1594) HM
29Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 2 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 2
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road on Old National Road.
In the advance of the Union forces to repel the invasion of Maryland by the Confederates, the Army of the Potomac commanded by Major General Geo. B. McClellan, moved northward from Washington with its front extending from near the Baltimore and Ohio . . . — Map (db m1595) HM
30Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 3 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 3
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west on Old National Road.
Hill's five brigades were encamped at and around Boonsboro to prevent the escape of the Union forces at Harper's Ferry, through Pleasant Valley. Informed that two Union brigades were approaching Turner's Pass, Hill, on the evening of September 13, . . . — Map (db m1596) HM
31Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 4 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 4
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west on Old National Road.
Cox’s Division of the Ninth Corps moved from Middletown at 6 A. M., September 14, by the Frederick and Hagerstown Pike, turned to the left at Koogle’s Mill, on the Catoctin, nearly four miles southeast of this, and, marching on the old Sharpsburg . . . — Map (db m1597) HM
32Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 5 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 5
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west on Old National Road.
During the contest at Fox's Gap, Hooker's (First) Corps was operating east and northeast of this point. The First Corps left the Monocacy at daybreak, passed through Frederick and Middletown and between 3 and 4 P. M., leaving Gibbon's Brigade on the . . . — Map (db m1598) HM
33Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — T. P. 6 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 6
On Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) at Washington Monument Road, on the right when traveling west on Old National Road.
When Hooker moved to the right at Bolivar by way of the Hagerstown road, Gibbon continued on the main road and attacked Colquitt, in position about 700 yards southeast of this point. He drove Colquitt's skirmishers and reached the bend in the road . . . — Map (db m1599) HM
34Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Washington MonumentSignal Station — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Washington Monument Road, on the right.
During the Antietam Campaign, the U.S. Signal Corps used the stone structure as a signal station. On July 4, 1827, citizens of the town of Boonsboro paraded to the top of the mountain here and began building this first monument in the country . . . — Map (db m1886) HM
35Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Washington Monument
Near Washington Monument Road.
Volunteer villagers of nearby Boonesboro celebrated their Independence Day July 4, 1827, by building and dedicating this first monument to the memory of George Washington. Repaired and altered many times over a hundred years by patriotic citizens, . . . — Map (db m1908) HM
36Maryland (Washington County), Zittlestown — Washington Monument State ParkHome of First Completed Monument to Honor George Washington
On Washington Monument Road 0.3 miles north of Zittlestown Road, on the right when traveling north.
Background Overshadowed by the Battle of Antietam (near Sharpsburg), which took place three days later and resulted in a loss of 23,000 men, the Battle of South Mountain nevertheless played a crucial role in determining the outcome of . . . — Map (db m129047) HM
 
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