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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Loudoun County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Loudoun County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Loudoun County, VA (335) Clarke County, VA (74) Fairfax County, VA (688) Fauquier County, VA (116) Prince William County, VA (652) Frederick County, MD (548) Montgomery County, MD (714) Washington County, MD (864) Jefferson County, WV (348)  LoudounCounty(335) Loudoun County (335)  ClarkeCounty(74) Clarke County (74)  FairfaxCounty(688) Fairfax County (688)  FauquierCounty(116) Fauquier County (116)  PrinceWilliamCounty(652) Prince William County (652)  FrederickCountyMaryland(548) Frederick County (548)  MontgomeryCounty(714) Montgomery County (714)  WashingtonCounty(864) Washington County (864)  JeffersonCountyWest Virginia(348) Jefferson County (348)
Leesburg is the county seat for Loudoun County
Adjacent to Loudoun County, Virginia
      Clarke County (74)  
      Fairfax County (688)  
      Fauquier County (116)  
      Prince William County (652)  
      Frederick County, Maryland (548)  
      Montgomery County, Maryland (714)  
      Washington County, Maryland (864)  
      Jefferson County, West Virginia (348)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia, Loudoun County, Airmont — T-54 — Bushrod Lynn(1842-1917)
On Airmont Road (County Route 719) 1.4 miles south of Snickersville Turnpike (County Route 734), on the right when traveling south.
Bushrod Lynn was born in Loudoun County in 1842 and lived here at East Lynn. From 1891 to 1897, Lynn served as superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary. During a period characterized by harsh prison conditions, Lynn instituted prison reforms that . . . Map (db m97269) HM
2Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — A Freedom Seeker from Aldie: The Story of Daniel Dangerfield
On John Mosby Highway (Route 50) just west of Tall Race Road (Virginia Route 612), on the left when traveling west.
A teenager named Daniel Dangerfield worked in Aldie sometime during the 1840s, possibly here at Aldie Mill. Enslaved, he received no pay for his work, having been rented out to the miller by a local farmer and enslaver, French Simpson, who lived . . . Map (db m173653) HM
3Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Aldie Mill
On John S. Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east.
In the 1800s and early 1900s Aldie Mill reverberated with the rhythmic sounds of waterwheels, millstones, and farmers chatting with the miller about the weather and their crops. Charles Fenton Mercer located the grist mill here to capitalize on . . . Map (db m1486) HM
4Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — America's Oldest Agriculture College
On Snickersville Turnpike (County Route 734), on the right when traveling north.
A mile north of here, on Oatlands Road, stands the stone and stucco building, erected in 1854 as Loudoun and Mechanical Institute. Its three founders were prominent County agrarian scientists. Unfortunately, America's first agricultural college, . . . Map (db m18362) HM
5Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Battle of AldieThe Fight Begins — Gettysburg Campaign —
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east.
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m3742) HM
6Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Battle of AldieCavalry Clash amid the Haystacks — Gettysburg Campaign —
On John Mosby Highway (Virginia Route 50) 0.1 miles west of Snickersville Turnpike (Route 734), on the right when traveling west.
(preface) After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m101256) HM
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7Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Battle of Aldie17 June 1863
On Snickersville Turnpike (Virginia Route 734), on the right when traveling north.
(East Side of Marker) Facing the Confederate Position On the afternoon of June 17, 1863, cavalry from the Army of the Potomac under General Alfred Pleasonton and the Army of Northern Virginia under General JEB Stuart battled each . . . Map (db m182593) HM
8Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Elders of the Mount Zion Old School Baptist Church
Near Lee Jackson Memorial Highway (U.S. 50) at Watson Road (Virginia Route 860), on the left when traveling west.
Beginning in the 1830s, disagreement over doctrine caused a split in the Baptist faith. Some Baptists wished to retain the teachings of the “old school,” favoring a more strict interpretation of the Bible. Disputes arose over the . . . Map (db m171670) HM
9Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — T-24 — Fair Oaks
On New Mountain Road (Virginia Route 631) 0.8 miles south of Lee-Jackson Memorial Highway (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling south.
Fair Oaks, built ca. 1881 as the home of Alexander Moore, is a vernacular interpretation of the Italianate architectural style. From 1835 to 1971, six generations of the Moore family owned and operated nearby Aldie Mill, constructed by . . . Map (db m108163) HM
10Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — First Mass. Cavalry
On Snickersville Turnpike (Virginia Route 734) west of Oatlands Road (Virginia Route 650), on the right when traveling west.
First Mass. Cavalry 3rd Brigade 2nd Cavalry Division June 17, 1863 Erected By The First Mass Cavalry Association 1889 Killed and Died of Wounds Sergt. C.C. Schwarz Co. A, Pvt. A. Ammann Co. A, Pvt. M.F. Daniels Co. A, . . . Map (db m104322) WM
11Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Institute Farm
Near Oatland Road, 1.2 miles north of Whitestone Lane, on the left when traveling north.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m151319) HM
12Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Lee Moves North AgainScreening Lee's Infantry — Gettysburg Campaign —
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east.
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m3750) HM
13Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Z-281 — Loudoun County / Prince William County
On James Monroe Highway (U.S. 15) south of New Road, on the right when traveling north.
Loudoun County. Area 519 Square Miles. Formed in 1757 from Fairfax and named for Lord Loudoun, titular governor of Virginia and head of the British forces in America, 1756-1758. Oak Hill, President James Monroe's home, is in . . . Map (db m64583) HM
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14Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — B-28 — Mercer’s Home
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) at Meetinghouse Lane, on the right when traveling west on John Mosby Highway.
Aldie was the home of Charles Fenton Mercer (born 1778, died 1858), liberal statesman. Mercer was a congressman (1817-1839) and a member of the Virginia constitutional convention of 1829-30, in which he advocated manhood suffrage. His attempt in . . . Map (db m1464) HM
15Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — F-15 — Mother of Stonewall Jackson
On James Monroe Highway (U.S. 15) at John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling north on James Monroe Highway.
In this vicinity (and according to tradition two miles east at peach orchard) was born Julia Beckwith Neale, mother of Stonewall Jackson, February 29, 1798. She married Jonathan Jackson in 1818 and died, October 1831.Map (db m1428) HM
16Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Mt. Zion Cemetery
Near Lee Jackson Memorial Highwa at Watson Road.
The first burial in Mt. Zion Cemetery took place in 1852, one year after the church was constructed. It is the grave of Thomas H.A. Lynn, who died June 11, 1852. The stone was erected sometime after 1855. There are over 300 graves in the . . . Map (db m104320) HM
17Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Mt. Zion Church
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) at Watson Road (County Route 860), on the right when traveling east on John Mosby Highway.
Mt. Zion Old School Baptist Church was founded in 1851. Just west of the church is a graveyard containing many 19th century grave markers. On July 6, 1864 nearby, Mosby's Rangers attacked and routed 150 Union cavalrymen. Over 100 Union soldiers were . . . Map (db m55727) HM
18Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Mt. Zion Historic Park
Near Lee Jackson Memorial Highway (U.S. 50) at Watson Road (Virginia Route 860), on the left when traveling west.
Welcome to Mt. Zion Historic Park, a property of the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. Built in 1851, this Old School Baptist Church was a place of worship, and also a critical site during the Civil War because of its location at the . . . Map (db m104559) HM
19Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Mt. Zion Old School Baptist ChurchHistoric Site in Journalism
Near Lee Jackson Memorial Highway (U.S. 50) at Watson Road (Virginia Route 860), on the left when traveling west.
In the graveyard adjoining this church, on June 23, 1863, Harpers Illustrated Weekly's Alfred R. Waud, one of the Civil War's most renowned artists, dug the grave for the burial of his friend Lynde Walter Buckingham, the chief cavalry . . . Map (db m171668) HM
20Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Neighbor Against Neighbor“Yankee” Davis Paid the Price for Union Loyalty
On John Mosby Highway at Watson Road, on the right on John Mosby Highway.
On the morning of June 17, 1862, more than 30 armed Confederate sympathizers swarmed onto this property and beat pro-Union homeowner Alexander Davis within an inch of his life. Alexander, his wife Eliza, and their two daughters had moved here . . . Map (db m208533) HM
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21Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — F-4 — President Monroe’s Home
On James Monroe Highway (U.S. 15) at John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling north on James Monroe Highway.
The house to the North is Oak Hill. Designed by Thomas Jefferson for James Monroe, it was built about 1823. Monroe lived there for some years.Map (db m1452) HM
22Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Sergeant Major John Champe
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) east of Cobb House Road, on the right when traveling east.
Here was the home of Sergeant Major John Champe, Continental Army, who risked the inglorious death of a spy for the independence of his countryMap (db m179107) HM
23Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Snickersville Turnpike
On Snickersville Turnpike (Scenic Virginia Route 734) at Aldie Road (Virginia Route 804), on the right when traveling west on Snickersville Turnpike.
Originally an Iroquois hunting trail, it became by 1786 the first recorded operating turnpike in America, praised by Thomas Jefferson. In 1810 the Virginia Assembly chartered the Snickers Gap Turnpike Company, authorizing three toll gates between . . . Map (db m154714) HM
24Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — The Aldie Mill
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling west.
The Aldie Mill A working Gristmill – 1796 – 1971 Charles Fenton Mercer – Owner Statesman – EducatorMap (db m109850) HM
25Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — The Fog of WarThe Mosby / Forbes Chase of July 4 to July 6, 1864 — American Civil War 1861 - 1865 —
Near Lee Jackson Memorial Highway (U.S. 50) at Watson Road (Virginia Route 860), on the left when traveling west.
❶ Evening, July 4, 1864: Union Col. Charles Lowell sends Major William Forbes from Fairfax with 157 horse soldiers of the 2nd Massachusetts and 13th New York Cavalry (detachments) on patrol between Aldie and Leesburg to report any . . . Map (db m104378) HM
26Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — The Milling Complex
Near John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) just west of Tail Race Road (Virginia Route 612), on the left when traveling west.
Starting in 1807, slaves fired the bricks, built the mill structures you see here, dug trenches for the millrace, and then served as mill workers. Little cash passed between the farmers and the miller. Farmers brought their corn and wheat . . . Map (db m150688) HM
27Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — The Mosby-Forbes Engagement July 6, 1864American Civil War 1861 - 1865
Near Lee Jackson Memorial Highway (U.S. 50) at Watson Road (Virginia Route 860), on the left when traveling west.
The Battle of Mt. Zion Church began just east of here in the late afternoon hours of July 6, 1864, as Confederate Lieutenant Colonel John Singleton Mosby's artillery struck Union cavalry under Major William Hathaway Forbes. Amid a rousing . . . Map (db m167441) HM
28Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — This is Gilbert's Corner!
On Watson Road (Virginia Route 860) at John S. Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling north on Watson Road.
Discover a slice of Civil War history, part of the study area for the battle of Aldie, at Gilbert's Corner Regional Park in Aldie, Virginia. The 156 acre park offers hiking trails, interpretive signage and rolling countryside with a view of the . . . Map (db m151324) HM
29Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — To The Memory of C. Oliver Iselin, Jr., M.B.1888 - 1979
Near Oatlands Road, 1.2 miles north of Whitestone Lane, on the left when traveling north.
Founder of The Wolver Hill Beagles A devoted beagler for over seven decades. His foresight, dedication and generosity make these grounds his monument to the sport we all love.Map (db m151317) HM
30Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Waterpower System
Near John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) just west of Tail Race Road (Virginia Route 612), on the left when traveling west.
In 1805, Charles Fenton Mercer had a dam constructed to form a millpond at a place where the bend in Little River approaches the public road to Middleburg. The water that powers the two waterwheels — and, in turn, the . . . Map (db m150689) HM
31Virginia, Loudoun County, Aldie — Welcome to Gilbert's Corner Regional ParkTransportation hub, eyewitness to the Civil War, preserved open space & wetlands…
On Watson Road (Virginia Route 860) at John S. Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling north on Watson Road.
Imagine this landscape thousands of years ago, when Native Americans passed through the area on their foot path. Traveling along the eastern section of the current United States, south before winter arrived and north before the summer months, . . . Map (db m151326) HM
32Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — T-28 — Ashburn School
On Ashburn Road, on the right when traveling south.
On this site stands Ashburn Colored School, a one-room public Schoolhouse built ca. 1892 for African American students. Virginia’s public school system, established in 1870, was racially segregated from its inception. Schools for black children . . . Map (db m104314) HM
33Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — Ashburn StationThe Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park — Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority —
On Ashburn Road (County Route 641), on the right when traveling north.
At least two different railroad stations stood where you are now standing. When the Alexandra, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad (later the W&OD) arrived in 1860, the aptly named crossroads of Farmwell became one of the many rail stops that served . . . Map (db m20282) HM
34Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — T-30 — Belmont
On Leesburg Pike (Virginia Route 7) at Claiborne Parkway and Landsdowne Boulevard (Local Route 641), on the right when traveling east on Leesburg Pike.
Belmont was patented early in the eighteenth century by Thomas Lee, of Stratford. About 1800, Ludwell Lee, an officer in the Revolutionary Army, built the house and he lived here until his death in 1836. Here he entertained Lafayette in 1825. In . . . Map (db m980) HM
35Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — T-59 — Belmont Chapel
On Russell Branch Parkway, 0.4 miles north of Aspen View Boulevard, on the right when traveling north.
Margaret Mercer (1791-1846), educator and reformer, purchased Belmont plantation in 1836. Here she ran a prominent academy for young women, waiving tuition for those unable to afford it. Best known for advocating the liberation of enslaved African . . . Map (db m143131) HM
36Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — Belmont Ridge
On Jackpit Lane south of Builders Lane, on the left when traveling south.
The Belmont Ridge area has a very rich natural and cultural history — both of which have always been linked. The two most prominent natural features are Goose Creek, the largest waterway in Loudoun County and the Luck Stone Quarry, which is . . . Map (db m214391) HM
37Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — Norman's Station
On Smith Switch Road (County Route 607), on the right when traveling north.
The shelter or "waiting shed" in the photograph below stood across the road from where you are now located. Crossing the track was Norman's Station Road (now called Smith's Switch Road). These three-sided shelters were typical of many small . . . Map (db m20277) HM
38Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — The Barnat One Loudoun — Dedicated May 15, 2014 —
On Russel Branch Parkway just east of Savin Hill Drive, on the right when traveling west.
Originally built in 1875 on the property of African-American landowner Charles Harris, The Barn at One Loudoun serves as a modern tribute to the rich history of Loudoun County. Less than a decade after the Civil War, Mr. Harris began acquiring . . . Map (db m177948) HM
39Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — This is W&OD Trail: Smith Switch!
On Washington and Old Dominion Trail west of Smith Switch Road, on the left when traveling west.
The 100-ft wide W&OD has been called "the skinniest park" in Virginia. But it is also one of the longest parks, 45 miles of paved trail for walking, running, cycling and skating and more. Built on the roadbed of the former Washington & Old . . . Map (db m214395) HM
40Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — Tracks Into History
On Washington and Old Dominion Trail west of Smith Switch Road, on the left when traveling west.
Time Line
March 20, 1847 - Incorporated as the Alexandria & Harper’s Ferry Railroad. March 15, 1853 - The corporate name changes to the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad Company. February 25, 1855 - . . . Map (db m214394) HM
41Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — Veterans Memorial
On Ashby Ponds Boulevard north of Cardinal Pond Terrace, on the right when traveling north.
Dedicated to Ashby Ponds veterans who served and defended our freedom "Lest We ForgetMap (db m195217) WM
42Virginia, Loudoun County, Ashburn — Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park
On Washington and Old Dominion Trail west of Smith Switch Road, on the left when traveling west.
The 100-foot-wide Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park (W&OD Trail) features a 45-mile asphalt trail for walking, running, skating, bicycling and other activities and a 33-mile, parallel, gravel bridle path for horseback riding and . . . Map (db m214393) HM
43Virginia, Loudoun County, Bloomfield — Ebenezer Churches
Near Airmont Road (County Route 719) at Ebenezer Church Road (County Route 779), on the left when traveling east.
Old church built 1755 (circa) New church built 1855 (circa) marker placed Sept. 5, 1972 by Ketoctin Chapter NSDARMap (db m174742) HM
44Virginia, Loudoun County, Bluemont — BluemontA Historic Village
On Snickersville Turnpike (Virginia Route 734) at Clayton Hall Road (Virginia Route 760), on the right when traveling east on Snickersville Turnpike.
Established in 1731, Bluemont was originally called Snickers Gap. The U.S. Post Office opened here in 1807. The Blue Ridge gap itself was named for Edward Snickers, the Shenandoah ferry and tavern operator who knew George Washington. Incorporated in . . . Map (db m157712) HM
45Virginia, Loudoun County, Bluemont — Bluemont Historic District
On Snickersville Turnpike (County Route 734) at Clayton Hall Road (County Route 760), on the left when traveling west on Snickersville Turnpike.
Bluemont Historic District has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Act of 1966.Map (db m4023) HM
46Virginia, Loudoun County, Bluemont — Snickersville Turnpike
On Snickersville Turnpike (Virginia Route 734) at Clayton Hall Road (Virginia Route 760), on the right when traveling east on Snickersville Turnpike.
Originally an Iroquois hunting trail, it became by 1786 the first recorded operating turnpike in America, praised by Thomas Jefferson. In 1810 the Virginia Assembly chartered the Snickers Gap Turnpike Company, authorizing three toll gates between . . . Map (db m157713) HM
47Virginia, Loudoun County, Bluemont — The Lives And Times Of The Snickersville AcademyC. 1825
Near Snickersville Turnpike (Virginia Route 734) just west of Clayton Hall Road (Virginia Route 760), on the left when traveling west.
A Village's First School And Church Amos Clayton, son of the village's founder, and his wife Elizabeth, parents of 12 children — provided one half-acre of their own land for the construction of a schoolhouse and "free" . . . Map (db m159195) HM
48Virginia, Loudoun County, Bluemont — The Snickersville Academy
On Snickersville Turnpike (Virginia Route 734) just west of Clayton Hall Road (Virginia Route 760).
Across the road, the path leads to the Snickersville Academy, Bluemont's first school and church. In 1825 Amos and Elizabeth Clayton sold, for a "consideration" of $1, one-half acres of land to five neighbors acting as trustees. They built a log . . . Map (db m157710) HM
49Virginia, Loudoun County, Brambleton — Lyon Family Cemetery and Pvt. Richard MoranHistory of the Northern Virginia Regional Parks
On Northstar Boulevard, on the right when traveling south.
"Mount up, the Yankees are coming!" -Pvt. Richard Moran April 1, 1863 prior to the "Battle of Miskel's Farm" Pvt. Richard (Dick) Moran is buried at this site. Moran was a member of the 43rd Va. Cavalry and leading member of "Mosby's . . . Map (db m20011) HM
50Virginia, Loudoun County, Dover — B-33 — A Revolutionary War Hero
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) at Champe Ford Road (County Route 632), on the right when traveling east on John Mosby Highway.
Near here stood the home of Sergeant Major John Champe (1752–1798), Continental soldier. Champe faked desertion and enlisted in Benedict Arnold's British command for the purpose of capturing the traitor. Failing in his attempt, Champe rejoined the . . . Map (db m1410) HM
51Virginia, Loudoun County, Dover — B-22 — Cavalry Battles
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) at Champe Ford Road (County Route 632), on the right when traveling east on John Mosby Highway.
In June 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through gaps in the nearby Blue Ridge Mountains and into the Shenandoah Valley to invade the North. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry corps screened the army from Federal . . . Map (db m1454) HM
52Virginia, Loudoun County, Dover — B-32 — Gettysburg Campaign
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) near Champe Ford Road (Route 632), on the right when traveling east.
In June 1863, as Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Blue Ridge gaps to the Shenandoah Valley, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry screened the army from Federal observation. The Union cavalry chief, Brig. Gen. Alfred . . . Map (db m1416) HM
53Virginia, Loudoun County, Dover — B-30 — Stuart and Bayard
On John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) at Champe Ford Road (County Route 632), on the right when traveling east on John Mosby Highway.
After the Battle of Antietam on 17 Sept. 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia recrossed the Potomac River into Virginia. After President Abraham Lincoln’s constant urging, the Union Army of the Potomac, led by Maj. Gen. George . . . Map (db m1453) HM
54Virginia, Loudoun County, Hamilton — Diesel Trains on the W&OD
On Washington and Old Dominion Trail, 0.1 miles east of Hamilton Station Road (Virginia Route 704), on the left when traveling east.
The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad switched from electric to diesel power during World War II. In 1941-42 the railroad bought its first three diesel-electric engines. Each General Electric engine had 380 horsepower and weighed 44 tons. Later . . . Map (db m214373) HM
55Virginia, Loudoun County, Hamilton — Hamilton Station
On Irene Road (County Route 706) at Hamilton Station Road (County Route 704), on the right when traveling west on Irene Road.
One of the oldest on the line, Hamilton's train station dates from 1870. It was not in the original plan. When the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railway (later the Washington & Old Dominion) was established in the 1840s, its owners intended to . . . Map (db m26961) HM
56Virginia, Loudoun County, Hamilton — T-52 — Major General Ben H. Fuller
On West Colonial Highway (Virginia Route Bus 7), on the left when traveling east.
Maj. Gen. Ben H. Fuller was born in Michigan on 27 Feb. 1870. He was graduated from the U.S. Navy Academy in 1889 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps in 1891. Fuller married Katherine H. Offley on 26 Oct. 1892, and they . . . Map (db m1194) HM
57Virginia, Loudoun County, Hamilton — Tracks into HistoryThe Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
On Irene Road (County Route 706) at Hamilton Station Road (County Route 704), on the right when traveling west on Irene Road.
The railroad that became the Washington & Old Dominion was born in Alexandria in response to the competition in shipping posed by the port in Baltimore, which was served by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The B&O was diverting farm produce from . . . Map (db m27066) HM
58Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — 36963 Charles Town Pike
On Charles Town Pike (Virginia Route 9) 0.1 miles east of Highwater Road, on the right when traveling east.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m148892) HM
59Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — 36974 Charles Town Pike
On Charles Town Pike (Route 9) 0.1 miles east of Highwater Road, on the right when traveling west.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Built 1850 Map (db m148893) HM
60Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — 36982 Charles Town Pike
On Charles Town Pike (Virginia Route 9) west of Graver Mill Road (Virginia Route 812), on the right when traveling west.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m132453) HM
61Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — 36990 Charles Town Pike
On Charles Town Pike (Virginia Route 9) just west of Gaver Mill Road (Virginia Route 812), on the right when traveling west.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m148895) HM
62Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — John W. MobberlyBetween-the-Hills Partisan Leader
On Breaux Vinyard Lane, 0.2 miles east of Harpers Ferry Road (County Route 671), on the right when traveling east.
During the war, this valley southeast of the Federal base at Harpers Ferry between the Blue Ridge and Short Hill was known as "Between the Hills." The much-feared Confederate partisan leader Pvt. ("Captain") John W. Mobberly roamed here from 1863 to . . . Map (db m91189) HM
63Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — T-25 — Loudoun Heights Clash
On Harpers Ferry Road (County Route 671), on the right when traveling south.
Union Maj. Henry A. Cole’s 1st Maryland Cavalry was camped here on Loudoun Heights on 10 Jan. 1864 when Confederate Maj. John S. Mosby and Capt. Benjamin Franklin “Frank” Stringfellow attacked before dawn with about 100 mounted Partisan . . . Map (db m1998) HM
64Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — Old Potts Graveyard
On Shannondale Road (County Route 714) at Edgegrove Road (Route 716), on the left when traveling west on Shannondale Road.
David Potts, a Quaker, established this cemetery from a portion of his farm. He migrated here from Philadelphia Co. Pa. and in 1746 leased 866 acres of land from Catesby Cocke which he later purchased. He was born about the year 1700 and died 1768. . . . Map (db m22963) HM
65Virginia, Loudoun County, Hillsboro — This Is the Birthplace of Susan Koerner Wright
On Charles Town Pike (Virginia Route 9) at Gaver Mill Road (Virginia Route 812), on the left when traveling west on Charles Town Pike.
Hillsboro, Loudoun County, Virginia This is the birthplace of Susan Koerner Wright, April 30, 1831–July 4, 1889, mother of Wilbur and Orville Wright, inventors of the airplane. A notable woman who largely guided and wisely . . . Map (db m979) HM
66Virginia, Loudoun County, Lansdowne — Elizabeth Mills Riverfront Park
On Heron Way near Squirrel Ridge, on the right when traveling east.
This riverfront park will transport you back in time. It will enable you to look beyond the modern developments that dominate the landscape here today. It will take you back centuries, when American Indians lived here, harvesting the bounty of the . . . Map (db m152026) HM
67Virginia, Loudoun County, Lansdowne — Potomac ConnectionsPiedmont Region
On Heron Way east of Squirrel Ridge Place, on the right when traveling north.
George Washington walked, rode horseback, and boated through this region pursuing his dream of westward expansion - connecting the Atlantic Seaboard to the frontier West. His efforts to reengineer, dam, channelize, and straighten the Potomac . . . Map (db m212005) HM
68Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 13 Pounder "James Rifle"
Near Balls Bluff Park east of Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west.
• One cannon manned by Battery B, 1st Rhode Island Field Artillery at Ball's Bluff • Commanded by Lieutenant Walter Bramhall • Model 1841 six pounder smooth bore cannon modified with rifling to fire James system rounds meant to extend . . . Map (db m168067) HM
69Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 15th Massachusetts Infantry
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east.
The 15th Massachusetts Infantry provided an initial scouting patrol on the night of October 20 and the troops for the raiding party the next morning. Five companies, roughly 300 men, were to attack a Confederate camp. Devens positioned his men . . . Map (db m2223) HM
70Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 15th Massachusetts Infantry
Near Balls Bluff Park east of Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west. Reported permanently removed.
The 15th Massachusetts Infantry led the Federal advance at Ball's Bluff. Rebuffed in the morning's fight, the 15th fell back to the small field that existed here in 1861. Private Rowland E. Bowen of the 15th Massachusetts described the action . . . Map (db m168070) HM
71Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 17th Mississippi Infantry
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
The 17th Mississippi Infantry was the last Confederate unit to arrive on the field. These 600-700 fresh troops showed up late in the afternoon and tipped the balance of what had been a hard but evenly fought contest up to that point. The . . . Map (db m157213) HM
72Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
On Loudoun Street SW, on the right when traveling west.
Fresh from the victory at the Second Battle of Manassas General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 1-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m1110) HM
73Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
On Tutt Lane (Route 740) west of Victory Lane, on the left when traveling west.
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m1220) HM
74Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 18th Mississippi Infantry
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived near here around 3:00 p.m. Colonel Erasmus Burt ordered his men forward across the then open field unknowingly into a deadly crossfire between the two wings of the Union . . . Map (db m157214) HM
75Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 18th Mississippi Infantry
On Balls Bluff Park at Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west on Balls Bluff Park. Reported permanently removed.
The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived at the battlefield at two-thirty [p.m.]. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Griffin of the 18th Mississippi described the situation: "Taking a position on the right of the 8th . . . Map (db m168046) HM
76Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 1st California Regiment
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
The 1st California was one of four regiments that made up the “California Brigade” commanded by Colonel Edward D. Baker, U.S. Senator from Oregon and close friend of President Lincoln. In April, 1861, Baker helped to organize what was . . . Map (db m2230) HM
77Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 20th Massachusetts Infantry
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east.
Companies D and I of the 20th Massachusetts (the “Harvard Regiment”) followed the 15th Massachusetts across the Potomac with orders to serve as a rear guard and cover the withdrawal of the 15th Massachusetts following what was hoped . . . Map (db m157271) HM
78Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 20th Massachusetts Infantry
Near Balls Bluff Park east of Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west. Reported permanently removed.
The 20th Massachusetts Infantry followed the 15th Massachusetts across the Patomac River. Acting initially as rear guard, the 10th occupied this area throughout the day. Among the ranks of the 20th was Lieutenant Henry L. Abbott who described the . . . Map (db m168057) HM
79Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 42nd New York Infantry
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
The 42nd New York (“Tammany Regiment”) was commanded by Col. Milton Cogswell, the only West Point-trained officer among the senior Union commanders at Ball’s Bluff. Five companies of the 42nd participated in the battle. With the death . . . Map (db m157216) HM
80Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 7 Loudoun Street Southeast
On Loudoun Street Southeast, 0.1 miles west of Church Street Southeast, on the left when traveling west.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior circa 1790 Map (db m143135) HM
81Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 8th Virginia Infantry
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east.
The 8th Virginia Infantry was a local unit made up of six companies from Loudoun, two from Fauquier, and one each from Fairfax and Prince William counties. Commanded by Colonel Eppa Hunton, the Regiment arrived on the field about 12:30 p.m. . . . Map (db m2211) HM
82Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 8th Virginia Infantry
Near Balls Bluff Park east of Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west. Reported permanently removed.
Colonel Eppa Hunton, commanding the 8th Virginia Infantry from Loudoun County and other areas of Northern Virginia, arrived at Ball's Bluff at about one p.m. Deploying here at the edge of a small field, Hunton's 8th Virginia joined in the battle. . . . Map (db m168073) HM
83Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
On Ball’s Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east.
This monument is dedicated to the brave men of the 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment The 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was organized into State Service May 8th, 1861 in Leesburg under the command of Colonel Eppa Hunton. These . . . Map (db m85501) WM
84Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County
On Balls Bluff Park, 0.2 miles east of Balls Bluff Road. Reported permanently removed.
On April 12, 1861, the storm clouds of war erupted over a divided America with the firing on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Just as America was divided in 1861, so was Virginia. Virginia's western half would form a separate . . . Map (db m168035) HM
85Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east.
On April 12, 1861, with the firing on Fort Sumter, America went to war with itself. Just as the country was divided, so were Virginia and Loudoun County. The western portion of Virginia became the separate state of West Virginia in 1863. Here in . . . Map (db m168049) HM
86Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — A National Cemetery System
On Ball's Bluff Road, 0.5 miles east of Duff Road Northeast, on the right when traveling east.
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m185502) HM
87Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — A Serious Business
Near Southern Planter Lane south of Tutt Lane (Virginia Route 740), on the left when traveling north.
Morven Park is in Virginia's Piedmont—literally, the "foot of the mountain"—an area of gently rolling hills and fertile soil perfectly suited to farming. The region attracted Westmoreland Davis, a lawyer-turned-farmer brimming with . . . Map (db m130065) HM
88Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Additional Area Civil War Sites
On Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
1. Sugarloaf Mountain - This was the site of a Union Signal Corps station that remained in operation throughout much of the war. 2. White's Ferry - Originally called Conrad's Ferry, this crossing was established in 1817 about four miles . . . Map (db m27839) HM
89Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Aftermath of Ball’s Bluff
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
Ball’s Bluff is the only battlefield on which a United States senator was killed in combat. Edward Dickinson Baker, senator from Oregon, was also a colonel and one of Brig. Gen. Charles Stone’s three brigade commanders. Baker was a long-time friend . . . Map (db m168045) HM
90Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Aftermath of Ball's Bluff
On Balls Bluff Park, 0.2 miles east of Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west. Reported permanently removed.
Among the Union casualties here at Ball's Bluff was U.S. Senator, Colonel Edward D. Baker, boyhood friend of Abraham Lincoln. Baker was a former Congressman from Illinois, a brilliant lawyer and orator, veteran of the Mexican War and sitting U.S. . . . Map (db m168038) HM
91Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — An Early Methodist Parsonage / The Archaeology of a Church
On Cornwall Street Northwest just west of Wirt Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
An Early Methodist Parsonage 🕀 When Dr. John Urquhart bought Lot 49, the adjoining property, from Nicholas Minor in 1761 for five pounds he soon built upon it a modest brick house 20 feet long and 16 feet wide. This was the heart of the . . . Map (db m214385) HM
92Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery…held to the bluff without room to retire.
On Edward’s Ferry Road at Battlefield Parkway North East, on the left when traveling east on Edward’s Ferry Road. Reported damaged.
Two hundred yards to your right are the remains of a small earthwork that may have been part of a masked (concealed) battery which played an important role in the Battle of Ball’s Bluff on October 21, 1861. The battery commanded the road from . . . Map (db m156304) HM
93Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — T-51 — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery
On Edwards Ferry Road at Battlefield Parkway, on the right when traveling west on Edwards Ferry Road.
Nearby is the likely site of the Confederate “masked battery” (concealed artillery) that was an object of Federal concern early in the Civil War. On 21 Oct. 1861, elements of the 13th Mississippi infantry near there engaged 35 horsemen . . . Map (db m167611) HM
94Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff National Cemetery
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east. Reported permanently removed.
The twenty-five graves here in one of America’s smallest national cemeteries contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, . . . Map (db m194381) HM
95Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Overlook
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
Ball's Bluff is a 600 yard long shale and sandstone cliff. It rises up a shallow bell curve from two ravines approximately 300 yards north and south of where you are standing. At this point, it is about 100 feet high, though just to the north (left) . . . Map (db m150419) HM
96Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Ball's Bluff National Cemetery
Near Balls Bluff Park east of Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west.
The 25 graves here in America's third smallest national cemetery contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball's Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, Massachusetts, . . . Map (db m168050) HM
97Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Ball's Bluff National Cemetery
Near Balls Bluff Park east of Balls Bluff Road, on the right when traveling west.
Battle of Ball's Bluff On October 20, 1861, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, ordered Brig. Gen. Charles P. Stone to scout Confederate forces on the Virginia side of the Potomac River near . . . Map (db m168053) HM
98Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — F-1 — Battle of Ball’s Bluff
On James Monroe Highway (U.S. 15) at Battlefield Parkway, on the right when traveling south on James Monroe Highway. Reported missing.
One mile east occurred the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. A Union force, which had crossed the river at this point, was driven back over it by the Confederates.Map (db m985) HM
99Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861
Near Ball’s Bluff Road, on the left when traveling east. Reported permanently removed.
The Battle of Ball’s Bluff was the result of a mistake. The previous evening, Capt. Chase Philbrick, Co. H, 15th Massachusetts, led a small reconnaissance patrol across the river to determine the results of some earlier Confederate troop movements. . . . Map (db m157576) HM
100Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — Battle of Balls BluffOctober 21, 1861
On Ball’s Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east.
6 AM - After crossing the river, the 15 MA (Colonel Devens) advanced to the area near the Jackson house, leaving the 20 MA (Colonel Lee) on the bluff to guard the exit path to the river. 8 AM - Captain Duff's (17 MS) Company ran into . . . Map (db m27590) HM

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Feb. 5, 2023