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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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New Mexico Women’s Historic Marker Initiative Historical Markers

The New Mexico Women’s Historic Marker Initiative markers series consists of close to 100 markers that now grace the highways and small towns in the state. See https://www.nmhistoricwomen.org for the complete list.
 
Doña Dolores “Lola” Chávez de Armijo Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Kirchner, July 22, 2011
Doña Dolores “Lola” Chávez de Armijo Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Doña Dolores “Lola” Chávez de Armijo(1858-1929) — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
(front) In 1912, State Librarian Lola Chávez de Armijo filed a gender discrimination law suit after the governor sought to replace her by court order, claiming that as a woman, she was unqualified to hold office under the constitution and . . . — Map (db m45333) HM
2New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Founding Women of Albuquerque
(front) In February 1706 several families participated in the founding of Albuquerque but the names of only 22 are preserved in the historical record. Within those families were many women honored as being founders of La Villa San . . . — Map (db m45230) HM
3New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Graciela Olivárez(1928-1987) — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
Side A: Attorney, public servant, and activist, Graciela Olivárez was a high school dropout who became the first woman graduate of Notre Dame Law School where an award is presented each year in her name. She led national anti-poverty . . . — Map (db m45225) HM
4New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Harvey Girls / Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter, 1869 - 1958
[Side A:] Harvey Girls In 1883, the Fred Harvey Company hired women to serve in its diners and hotels along the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. Thousands of respectable, intelligent women were recruited from the Midwest and . . . — Map (db m45326) HM
5New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — La Doctora María Dolores Gonzáles(1917-1975)
Side A: Dr. Gonzales was a pioneer in bilingual and bicultural education. She developed educational materials for students in New Mexico and Latin America and trained teachers in the curriculum. Born in Pecos, “Lola” taught . . . — Map (db m45227) HM
6New Mexico (Catron County), Datil — Ada McPherson Morley (1852-1917)
Ada McPherson Morley ran a ranch outside of Datil, New Mexico where she raised three children, including Agnes Morley Cleaveland. A crusader for women's rights, she opposed the infamous Santa Fe Ring, worked for women's suffrage for over thirty . . . — Map (db m103064) HM
7New Mexico (Chaves County), Roswell — Louise Massey Mabie (1902-1983)The Original Rhinestone Cowgirl
This is a two sided marker Side A: One of the first female radio stars in the 1930s, Louise's career spanned from 1918-1950. Her recordings in English and Spanish sold millions of copies. Heading the Roswell-based group, . . . — Map (db m73454) HM
8New Mexico (Cibola County), Laguna — Susie Rayos Marmon - Ga-wa goo maa (Early Riser)1877-1988 — Laguna Pueblo —
Educated at the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania under the U.S. policy of acculturating Indian children through school and removal from their homelands, Susie was instrumental in bringing education back to Laguna. A lifelong teacher, oral . . . — Map (db m36519) HM
9New Mexico (Colfax County), Raton — Women of the Santa Fe Trail / New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative
Women of the Santa Fe Trail The Women of the Santa Fe Trail endured untold hardships traveling across the Great Plains. In 1829, six Hispanic women were the first known female travelers going east on the trail. In 1832, Mary Donoho . . . — Map (db m107280) HM
10New Mexico (Curry County), Melrose — Estella García/Fabric Artists: Women of the WPA
This is a two sided marker Side A: Estella García Estella García taught colcha embroidery at Melrose, New Mexico, for the Federal Arts Program in the 1930s. Anglo and Hispana women in Garcia's class collaborated to . . . — Map (db m73703) HM
11New Mexico (Doña Ana County), Las Cruces — María Gutiérrez SpencerAdvocate for Social Justice — (1919 - 1992) —
Punished for not speaking English in school, María Gutiérrez Spencer devoted her life to validating the Indo-Hispano experience. A graduate of University of California, Berkeley and New Mexico State University, she pioneered bilingual and bicultural . . . — Map (db m89687) HM
12New Mexico (Grant County), Hanover — Ladies Auxiliary of Local 890Mine Mill & Smelter — (1951-1952) —
After eight failed negotiating sessions and the expiration of their labor contract, Mexican-American workers at nearby Empire Zinc mine struck for wage and benefit equality. When an injunction prohibited union members from picketing, the women - . . . — Map (db m38229) HM
13New Mexico (Grant County), Silver City — Anita Scott ColemanAuthor and Poet — (1890-1960) —
This is a two-sided marker Front Side: Anita Scott Coleman’s mother was a slave and her father a Buffalo Soldier. Raised on a ranch near Silver City, her award-winning essays, stories, and poems emphasized racial pride and black women’s . . . — Map (db m121818) HM
14New Mexico (Guadalupe County), La Loma — Mela Leger-Bilingual Education Pioneer(1928-2006)
Side A: At four, Manuelita de Atocha (Mela) Lucero Leger read Spanish language newspapers to her blind grandfather in Colonias. Although New Mexico's constitution protects Spanish-speaking students, school children were often punished . . . — Map (db m45893) HM
15New Mexico (Hidalgo County), Lordsburg — The Women of Shakespeare
(Front): Emma Marble Muir (1873–1959) Rita Wells Hill (1901–1985) Janaloo Hill Hough (1939–2005) Emma Marble Muir arrived at the mining town of Shakespeare in 1882. She and her daughter, Rita Wells Muir, learned . . . — Map (db m38246) HM
16New Mexico (Lea County), Tatum — Lea County CowgirlsDessie Sawyer (1897-1990) — Fern Sawyer (1917-1993) —
This is a two sided marker Front of Marker Dessie Sawyer was a rancher, philanthropist and political activist. Her work with community and charitable organizations advanced her into politics. She became the National Committee Woman . . . — Map (db m73466) HM
17New Mexico (Luna County), Deming — Carlotta Thompkins Thurmond"Lottie Deno" — (1844-1934) —
This is a two-sided marker Front Side: Immortalized in literature and film, Kentucky native Carlotta Thurmond was the inspiration for Miss Kitty on television’s “Gunsmoke.” Having toured Europe’s best gambling houses as . . . — Map (db m121902) HM
18New Mexico (Luna County), Deming — Cathay Williams(c1850 – Death Date Unknown)
Born into slavery, Cathay was liberated in 1861 and worked as a cook for the Union army during the Civil War. In 1866 she enlisted in the U.S. Army as Private William Cathey serving with the Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Cummings and Fort Bayard until . . . — Map (db m38211) HM
19New Mexico (Luna County), Deming — Mary Ann Deming CrockerNamesake of Deming — (1829-1889) —
This is a two-sided marker Front Side: Born in 1827, Mary Ann Deming was married to Charles Crocker, one of the founders of the Central Pacific Railroad. A “silver spike” was driven here in 1881 that commemorated . . . — Map (db m121958) HM
20New Mexico (Mora County), Mora — Curanderas — Women Who Heal — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
In New Mexico, women blessed with special knowledge of herbs, household remedies, human health and strong faith are trusted to cure real or imaged maladies. Known as Curanderas, these women have been an integral part of the Hispanic fabric in . . . — Map (db m73273) HM
21New Mexico (Otero County), Mescalero — Lozen, Little Sister“A Shield to Her People” — (ca. 1840-1889) —
Lozen, a warrior and sister of the famous Warm Springs Apache chief Victorio, fought alongside her brother until his death in 1880 and later with his successors, Nana and Geronimo. Lozen also was a medicine woman and healer and, it was said, . . . — Map (db m46033) HM
22New Mexico (Quay County), Tucumcari — Yetta Kohn (1843 – 1917)Matriarch, Cattle Rancher and Business Woman
Born in Bavaria and widowed in Las Vegas, New Mexico, Yetta ran the family store and raised four children alone. She later moved to La Cinta on the Canadian River where she opened another store, became postmistress, started a bank and operated a . . . — Map (db m78891) HM
23New Mexico (Rio Arriba County), Abiquiu — Georgia O’Keeffe(1887–1986) — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
One of America’s great and most celebrated painters of the twentieth century, Georgia O’Keeffe is known for her unique depictions of natural and architectural forms. She began spending summers painting in Northern New Mexico in 1929 and moved from . . . — Map (db m73124) HM
24New Mexico (Rio Arriba County), Medanales — Agueda S. Martinez (1898–2000)“You Will Find Me Dancing On the Loom”
Agueda is the matriarch of Hispanic weaving in New Mexico. From a very young age, she was known for her complex designs and natural dyes. She was the subject of the Academy Award-nominated documentary film, “Agueda Martinez: Our People, Our . . . — Map (db m73393) HM
25New Mexico (Rio Arriba County), Ohkay Owingeh — Esther Martinez - P’oe Tsáwäˀ (1912-2006)Ohkay Owingeh
Esther Martinez served her community as an educator, linguist and storyteller. Her foremost contributions to our state are documenting and preserving the Tewa language and the art of storytelling. Esther was named a National Heritage Fellow in 2006 . . . — Map (db m32856) HM
26New Mexico (Rio Arriba County), Santa Clara Pueblo — Pablita Velarde, Tse Tsan, Golden Dawn(1918-2006) — Santa Clara Pueblo —
Pablita Velarde was an internationally acclaimed artist whose paintings largely depicted Pueblo life. She was commissioned by the WPA art's program to paint murals at Bandelier National Monument. Selected as one of New Mexico's "Living Treasures", . . . — Map (db m45663) HM
27New Mexico (Roosevelt County), Portales — Rose Powers White(1894-1969) — Guardian of History —
This is a two sided marker Side A: Rose Powers White worked tirelessly to compile histories of early pioneers of southeastern New Mexico. She published numerous articles and was frequently asked to lecture to organizations and . . . — Map (db m56113) HM
28New Mexico (San Juan County), Farmington — Harriet Belle Amsden Sammons (1876-1954)Bank President
Harriet was an astute financial manager and the first female bank president in New Mexico, operating the First National Bank in Farmington from 1922 until 1951. During the Depression she bought out San Juan National Bank, keeping it solvent and . . . — Map (db m59629) HM
29New Mexico (San Miguel County), Las Vegas — Dr. Meta L. Christy
Side A: Meta L. Christy, DO, is recognized by the American Osteopathic Association as the first black osteopath. Dr. Christy graduated in 1921 from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine as its first black graduate. The College . . . — Map (db m45889) HM
30New Mexico (Sandoval County), Algodones — Kewa Women's Co-opSanto Domingo Pueblo
(side one) According to oral and recorded history, the Santo Domingo people have always made and traded jewelry. From prehistoric times heishi, drilled and ground shell beads, have been strung into necklaces. Generations of Santo . . . — Map (db m45475) HM
31New Mexico (Sandoval County), Cochiti Pueblo — Women of CochitiCochiti Pueblo — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
Women of Cochiti are known for reviving the historic figurative tradition now referred to as Storytellers, adult clay figurines surrounded by children. The efforts of these women have bloomed into a vibrant cottage industry, inspiring many potters . . . — Map (db m73262) HM
32New Mexico (Sandoval County), Jemez Pueblo — Evelyn M. Vigil, Phan-Un-Pha-Kee (Young Doe) 1921–1995Juanita T. Toledo, Pha-Wa-Luh-Luh (Ring-Cloud Around the Moon) 1914–1999 — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
Jemez Pueblo. Evelyn M. Vigil, a descendant of the last remaining Pecos residents that moved to Jemez Pueblo in 1838, led a revival of Pecos Pueblo style pottery. She spent time at Pecos National Historic Park studying materials and techniques . . . — Map (db m73244) HM
33New Mexico (Sandoval County), Placitas — Women Veterans of New Mexico
(side one) New Mexico has a proud history of military service. We are a state of culturally diverse citizens who are willing to defend our freedom and rights. Over 15,000 women in New Mexico have volunteered to serve in our military. These . . . — Map (db m45458) HM
34New Mexico (Sandoval County), Rio Rancho — Dulcelina Salce Curtis (1904-1995)
(front) Teacher, agriculturalist, farmer and conservationist, Dulcelina Curtis led efforts to control flooding of arroyos in Corrales where a flood-control channel is named in her honor. The first woman appointed to a board of the U.S. . . . — Map (db m45438) HM
35New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Nambe Pueblo — The St. Francis Women's ClubNambe Pueblo
The St. Francis Women's Club was instrumental in raising funds to rebuild San Francisco de Asís Church, which had been condemned and demolished in about 1960. Their main fundraiser was the annual Fourth of July Ceremonial, featuring dances of . . . — Map (db m32833) HM
36New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Pojoaque — Feliciana Tapia Viarrial (1904-1988)Pojoaque Pueblo
Feliciana Tapia Viarrial helped establish today's Pueblo of Pojoaque. Pojoaque, or Posuwageh, water drinking place, is a Tewa village founded circa A.D. 900. By 1919, the Pojoaque homelands were severely diminished. Most members left . . . — Map (db m32835) HM
37New Mexico (Santa Fe County), San Ildefonso Pueblo — Maria Montoya Martinez, (Povika, Pond Lily)(ca. 1886-1980) — San Ildefonso Pueblo —
Maria Martinez was a self-taught potter who helped elevate Pueblo pottery to a respected art form. She and her husband Julian were successful polychrome potters and together revived black pottery. Their work improved the economic conditions of the . . . — Map (db m45657) HM
38New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Amelia Elizabeth White / Mary Cabot Wheelwright(1878-1972) / (1878-1958)
(side one) Amelia Elizabeth White (1878-1972) Amelia Elizabeth White worked tirelessly to promote Indian art and to preserve Santa Fe's heritage. A philanthropist and community activist, she donated land for the Laboratory of . . . — Map (db m45484) HM
39New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Laura Gilpin (1891-1979)
(side one) An outstanding photographer of the twentieth century, Laura Gilpin is best known for capturing southwestern cultures and landscapes on film. When her car ran out of gas on the Navajo reservation in 1930, she began . . . — Map (db m45483) HM
40New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Maria Gertrudis BarcelóDoña Tules — (c. 1800-1852) —
(side one) Maria Gertrudis Barceló or Doña Tules, a notorious gambler and courtesan, operated a gambling house and saloon on Burro Alley in Santa Fe. She traveled up El Camino Real from Sonora, Mexico in 1815. Bishop Jean-Baptiste Lamy . . . — Map (db m45479) HM
41New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — 574 — Mother Magdalen and the Sisters of Loretto (1852-1968)
(side one) Four Sisters of Loretto, Mother Magdalen Hayden and Sisters Roberta Brown, Rosana Dant and Catherine Mahoney, arrived in Santa Fe from Kentucky on September 26, 1852. In January 1853 they established Our Lady of Light Academy, . . . — Map (db m119764) HM
42New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Sisters of Charity
(side one) The first Sisters of Charity arrived in New Mexico Territory in 1865 from Cincinnati at the request of Bishop Lamy with the mission of serving all people regardless of race, religion or ability to pay. Hundreds of sisters . . . — Map (db m45482) HM
43New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Three Wise WomenEva Scott Fenyes, 1849-1930 Leonora Scott Muse Curtin, 1879-1972
(side one) Three generations of one family worked more than 100 years to preserve the cultural heritage of New Mexico. Eva Fenyes created an artistic and photographic record of missions and adobe buildings, and preserved Spanish . . . — Map (db m45481) HM
44New Mexico (Sierra County), Truth or Consequences — Magnolia Ellis, “Magnificent Magnolia”(1893-1974)
(front) Magnolia Ellis was a healer with a special gift. She opened a clinic in Hot Springs, today's Truth or Consequences. Patients claimed to have a feeling of electricity when she touched them. Recognized by most notable doctors of the . . . — Map (db m45109) HM
45New Mexico (Socorro County), San Acacia — Doña Eufemia"La Valerosa" — The Spanish Entrada of 1598 —
Traveling with the colonizing expedition of Juan de Oñate, Doña Eufemia rallied Spanish soldiers to persevere when morale broke down during their long journey on the Camino Real. Settling in present-day New Mexico, she rallied 22 women to defend the . . . — Map (db m100056) HM
46New Mexico (Socorro County), Socorro — Women of the Camino Real
Front of Marker In 1598 the first Spanish settlers in New Mexico traveled up the Camino Real from north-central Mexico. Of the 560 people so far identified on that expedition, at least 20 percent were women. They came on foot, on wagons or . . . — Map (db m45131) HM
47New Mexico (Taos County), Picuris Pueblo — Maria Ramita Simbola Martinez "Summer Harvest" (1884-1969)Cora Durand (1904-1981),Virginia Duran (1904-1998) — Picuris Pueblo —
Maria Ramita Simbola Martinez, Cora Durand, and Virginia Duran helped to preserve the distinctive micaceous pottery tradition that is important in Picuris and other nearby pueblos. Made with locally mined mica-rich clay, these unusual pots have a . . . — Map (db m43808) HM
48New Mexico (Taos County), Ranchos de Taos — Captive Women and Children of Taos County / María Rosa Villapando, (ca. 1725-1830)
(side one) Captive Women and Children of Taos County In August 1760, around sixty women and children were taken captive in a Comanche raid on Ranchos de Taos. That raid is an example of the danger of living on New Mexico's . . . — Map (db m45719) HM
49New Mexico (Union County), Folsom — Sarah "Sally" J. Rooke / New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative — Official Scenic Historic Marker —
Front Sarah "Sally" J. Rooke (1843-1908) Heroine of the Dry Cimarron Flood On the night of August 27, 1908, while working as a telephone operator, Sally received a call that a wall of water was rushing down the Dry Cimarron . . . — Map (db m104838) HM
 
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