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Missouri, St. Louis, The Cherokee-Lemp History Walk ⚜️ Historical Markers
By Devry Becker Jones, April 23, 2019
1901 Cherokee Street
This home was built when the Central Pacific Railroad was laying tracks across the mountains and valleys from the West and the Union Pacific Railroad was laying tracks coming from the east to build the transcontinental railroad. The home was one . . . — — Map (db m133194) HM|
|The men who used to come home to the town house to your right and to the one that stood on this vacant lot had faced difficult choices when the United States entered World War I in the spring of 1917.
Julius Dittmaier was the 21-year-old son of . . . — — Map (db m133198) HM|
|St. Louisans were taking up the new American pastime of bicycling when this storefront was built in 1888. They were reading Walt Whitman's poems in the Leaves of Grass and learning about Theodore Roosevelt's western experiences in Ranch . . . — — Map (db m124509) HM|
|Dr. Richard Kring moved his medical office and pharmacy to this building in 1930. While Kring, who had lived and worked for years in the Soulard neighborhood, was the American-born son of German immigrants, many of his neighbors on Cherokee Street . . . — — Map (db m124502) HM|
August Hoffman built this handsome, two and a half story town house in 1893. The 45 year-old German immigrant was a bookbinder by profession. He was one of the many tradesmen who took great care to build well designed and crafted homes in South . . . — — Map (db m124486) HM|
|The United States was expanding, with the new states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington and Montana admitted to the Union in 1889. That year, German immigrant George Jost was constructing this combination of storefronts and apartments. Only . . . — — Map (db m124477) HM|
|Following the Civil War, German teenager Charles Zimmermann came to America. He settled in St. Louis and learned the trade of a butcher.
In 1881, Zimmerman built a small combination home and store on this block. Though the estimated cost of . . . — — Map (db m124476) HM|
|It was the Roaring Twenties--with a roller coaster economy, women's skirts getting shorter and shorter, Prohibition was the law, but illegal booze could be found on almost every block -- when these storefronts at 2315-2319 Cherokee were constructed. . . . — — Map (db m124470) HM|
|Creole Geminien Beauvais built the largest house in this elegant enclave on this site in the early 1870s.
As a teenager, Beauvais had worked in the lucrative fur trade, a source of seed money for many early 19th century entrepreneurs. . . . — — Map (db m133132) HM|
|The mysterious Lemp Mansion seems to haunt this street as the house itself is purported to be haunted. The story of this house is inextricably tied to the evocative history of the Lemp Family. In three generations the Lemp family rose from . . . — — Map (db m133134) HM|
|During the 1850's and 1860's, this high ground on the southern outskirts of St. Louis evolved into an enclave of elegant homes. At that time Broadway was known as Carondelet Avenue, and this street, now DeMenil Place, was known as 2nd Carondelet. . . . — — Map (db m133199) HM|
|This townhouse is typical of homes built in working-class neighborhoods during the 1880's. It is tall, narrow and features the then popular mansard roof. The foundation is roughcut stone and the facade is smooth brick with eyebrow arches over the . . . — — Map (db m124507) HM|
|This row of five almost identical homes was built in 1884 as investment property by German immigrant Philip Bardenheier. These working-class city houses featured recessed entrances, fully arched doorways and first floor windows. Originally, all five . . . — — Map (db m124487) HM|
|This imposing Greek Revival Mansion began in 1848 with the construction of a four room farmhouse by Henri Chatillon and his then wife Odile Delor Lux Chatillon. They built their home facing Carondelet Avenue, the road that linked St. Louis with . . . — — Map (db m133183) HM|
|Americans were reading Mark Twain's satire A Connecticut Yankee at King Arthur's Court and verses by St. Louisan Eugene Field. Tap dancing Irish-American George M. Cohan was entertaining vaudeville audiences. Americans were singing popular . . . — — Map (db m133137) HM|
|Mini-histories are displayed in the windows, on fences, and on walls of 43 buildings along DeMenil Place and Cherokee Street. They tell the stories of the early settlers of this area, about the craftsmen who built these homes, about the people who . . . — — Map (db m124467) HM|
|Henry Schaumburg, Jr. designed this storefront that was constructed in 1900. Schaumburg was one of South St. Louis' German-American architects who celebrated the abundance and variety of decorative brick available in St. Louis. His father was a . . . — — Map (db m124479) HM|
|This building, constructed about 1880, was home to dressmaker Sophia Wirth at the beginning of the 20th century. Bernard Wirth operated his blacksmith shop in a building on the adjacent, now-vacant lot. Later, that site, 1913 Cherokee, became home . . . — — Map (db m133197) HM|
In 1923, Cherokee Business Association raffled a house (on this site) that was furnished down to the coal in the coal bin, a car in the garage, and toothpicks in the pantry.
The bungalow, which faced 18th Street, was raffled on the night of . . . — — Map (db m133191) HM|
|As a child, Jeanette Anderson lived at 2111 Cherokee from 1935 to 1941.
"My grandfather, Charles Kludas, operated a Cigar Store at 2111 Cherokee," Anderson relates. Directories indicate that Kludas had moved his business from the south side of . . . — — Map (db m124504) HM|
|Records indicate that during the mid-19th century, the entire section of land covering the two city blocks stretching from Cherokee north to Utah Street and Lemp west to Wisconsin served as a cemetery.
The Map of St. Louis, published in . . . — — Map (db m124949) HM|
|The faded lettering on the east side of this building once read "Wehrenberg's." In 1907, Fred Wehrenberg operated a grocery/saloon in this corner storefront. A year later he had rented a vacant storefront nearby on Cherokee and converted it into St. . . . — — Map (db m124468) HM|
The Lemp family built this "Wagon House" in 1895 to house its fleet of delivery wagons and herd of horses that carried Lemp brews to far-flung retailers. A corral for the Percherons — the draft horses used by the Lemp Brewery — . . . — — Map (db m133193) HM|
|One-third of the American workforce was unemployed. In January of 1933, anxiety about the economy led to panicked withdrawals from the banks. The anxiety grew into frenzy, and the withdrawals turned into a run on the banks. Banks all over St. Louis . . . — — Map (db m124506) HM|
|There were 10,000 moving picture theaters in the United States in 1909. Half of Americans attended a movie at least once each week, and in some places Americans would pay as much as ten cents admission to see this new form of entertainment. . . . — — Map (db m124505) HM|
The caves that riddle the underground of the Soulard and Benton Park neighborhoods served as natural refrigerators for the local breweries. Adam Lemp was aging his German style beer in the cave system beneath your feet even before the California . . . — — Map (db m133186) HM|
|The population of the United States and its territories was less than 34 million people in 1860 — and the nation was tearing itself apart along the lines of Free States and those that allowed slavery.
News of impending civil war pushed . . . — — Map (db m124475) HM|
"Lemp Brewing Plant Sold at 'Eight Cents on the Dollar.'" headlined at a St. Louis Post-Dispatch article reporting the sale at auction of this huge brewery complex on June 28, 1922.
The passage of the Eighteenth Amendment — . . . — — Map (db m133192) HM|
|Due to the housing shortage that had developed during the Depression and World War II, the Antique Row neighborhood was a crowded and busy community during the 1950's -- when Larry Akley grew up here.
"We lived in the upstairs flat. It had . . . — — Map (db m124503) HM|
During the mid 19th century, German pioneers settling the open land south of St. Louis built homes in the style of this pair of houses, 1936 and 1938 Cherokee. Often they were built as farm houses. As the farm land evolved into the urban . . . — — Map (db m124510) HM|
|During the late 19th century, this was the yard behind "Oeler's Hall," a three story brick structure. The L-shaped building wrapped around the corner of Jefferson to Cherokee. Louis Oehler's brick yard was nearby and probably furnished brick for . . . — — Map (db m124469) HM|
|Following World War II, changing lifestyles and housing patterns and the development of shopping strips and shopping malls brought decline to old-fashioned business districts like Cherokee Street.
Homemaker Antiques, established in 1945, both . . . — — Map (db m124494) HM|
|In 1912, this storefront was one of at least four saloons in the old Cherokee business district. At the turn of the 20th century, when large families crowded into small flats, the corner saloon provided a getaway and social hour for the men of the . . . — — Map (db m133195) HM|
This castle of brick, the Lemp Brewery, covers almost 14 acres and includes over 20 buildings. The buildings of this massive complex date from 1874 to 1912.
The brewery began with German-born Adam Lemp, who introduced lager beer in the . . . — — Map (db m133188) HM|
Courtyards, alley houses, shops on the first floors, second floor apartments — this combination and arrangement of residential and commercial uses were typical of mid-19th century neighborhoods crowded with immigrants.
Gradually during . . . — — Map (db m133196) HM|
|Before construction of Interstate 55 and of some of the large industries along the river, DeMenil Place offered an expansive view of the Mississippi River.
The Mississippi was the original interstate of the Midwest, cutting through otherwise . . . — — Map (db m133185) HM|