“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Missouri, City of Washington Historical Markers

Bank of Washington Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), October 6, 2018
Bank of Washington Marker
1Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 21 — Bank of Washington — 1880
In 1880 the Bank of Washington constructed this Italianate style building. The bank remained here until 1923. From 1877 to 1880, the bank was located in the building adjacent to the west.Map (db m124329) HM
2Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — Beckmann Building — c. 1885
Originally a one story structure owned by Miss Julia Beckmann; she had a stationary and book business here until 1892 when she sold the building to the Trentmann family. Miss Beckmann had two additional "bays" which she rented to other shop keepers.Map (db m124314) HM
3Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 10 — Bernard Wiese House — c. 1855
Tobacconist and wine merchant Bernard Wiese used this structure as his home and shop. Eduard Robyn included this building in his lithograph of Washington produced in 1859.Map (db m132888) HM
4Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 20 — Bertelsmann Building — 1864
Henry Bertelsmann lived and worked in this building for nearly thirty years, operating a furniture shop where he also built coffins and skiffs.Map (db m124358) HM
5Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 31 — Bleckman Building — 1888
Johann "Friedrich" Bleckmann built his first blacksmith shop in 1834. His son Fritz and grandson Henry J. built the eastern part of this building in 1888. "Bleckman's" is the oldest business in Washington.Map (db m124389) HM
6Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 29 — Bleckman Furniture & Undertaker — 1856
John F. Bleckman began business here in 1856. He was joined by son Henry in 1880. The family lived upstairs and continued business here until about 1914 when the business relocated.Map (db m124390) HM
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7Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 28 — Commercial Hotel — c. 1864
For about five years, the Kahmann family operated a hotel and saloon here. John Boland then conducted the Commercial Hotel for about fifteen years, at which time it was sold to and enlarged by Elijah Zumwalt.Map (db m124315) HM
8Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — Commercial Hotel Addition — 1891
Erected in 1891, this addition created a dining room to the north and a "sample room" to the south for salesmen to show wares. Elijah Zumwalt managed the Commercial Hotel from 1888-1921 and became the owner in 1892. The Kahmann Pork Packing Plant . . . Map (db m124312) HM
9Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — Dickbrader Hardware — c. 1860
Built by developer C.H. Kahmann, for fifty-one years this was Dickbrader Hardware. Since then it has been an eating establishment, housing the Olympia Candy Kitchen, Mealer's Cafe and Cowan's Restaurant.Map (db m124313) HM
10Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 22 — Edward G. Busch Building — 1887
Busch entered the implement and hardware business in 1882 and built this structure five years later. He also served as a three-term mayor for the City of Washington.Map (db m124324) HM
11Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 18 — Francis Becker Building — 1871
Probably built as a two family home, this structure was built by Francis Arnold Becker of St. Albans, Missouri in 1871 and upon his death in 1886 was willed to his son Louis.Map (db m169275) HM
12Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 19 — Frank Joerden Building — 1859
Joerden occupied this structure with his general store for about forty years. In the early twentieth century, it housed a bakery owned by Julius Rombach.Map (db m124327) HM
13Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 17 — G. Henry Herweck Building — 1869
G. Henry Herweck, a barber with two barber apprentices erected this building in 1869. Later businesses included Bihr's Millinery Store and Kuhlmann's Drug Store.Map (db m169264) HM
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14Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — George Washington
Permanent settlers began arriving in the area of present-day Washington, Missouri, in the 1790s. After former United States President George Washington died at his Virginia estate in 1799, numerous cities, counties and a state were named in his . . . Map (db m124397) HM
15Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 23 — Henry Herkstroeter Building — 1879
Herkstroeter established his men's clothing business in 1875 and built this structure four years later. His descendants continued business until 1923. Bocklage Menswear built the addition in 1947.Map (db m124322) HM
16Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 39 — Hibbeler Building — 1875
Having been in business with partners L. H. Peistrup and C. H. Herkstroeter since 1861, John D. Hibbeler relocated to this building from Elm and Main Streets. Later operating solely, records show that the Hibbeler General Merchandise Store remained . . . Map (db m124388) HM
17Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 24 — John C. S. Foss Building — c. 1868
Foss constructed this building for his newspaper business. He was the proprietor of the "Observer" for several years and then in the insurance business. this building later housed the First National Bank.Map (db m124321) HM
18Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 5 — John Clayton Inn — 1838
Washington began in the area of Front and Lafayette Streets. The John Clayton Inn was located near the natural river landing site used in early times. Erected by John Clayton, this inn/boardinghouse is one of Washington's oldest surviving . . . Map (db m124366) HM
19Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 38 — Kohmueller House — 1878
Built by Louis Kohmueller, a son of Frederick who had emigrated from Osnabruck, Germany in 1843 and purchased what once was an 80 acre farmstead. Clay was mined extensively here for brick manufacturing purposes.Map (db m169278) HM
20Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 32 — Marie Krog House — 1896
Miss Krog taught German in the Washington Public Schools and piano lessons out of her home. She built this attractive home and lived here until her death in 1917.Map (db m124407) HM
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21Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 27 — Mense Building — c. 1866
Built by the Kahmann family, records indicate that ownership of this structure passed to and from the Mense family several times. Different members of that family conducted a general store here for over fifteen years.Map (db m169267) HM
22Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 12 — Missouri Meerschaum Company — 1883
Dutch immigrant Henry Tibbe and his son Anton began production of corncob pipes in 1869. The first portion of the factory was completed in 1883. The corncob pipe made Washington famous around the world.Map (db m124375) HM
23Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 2 — Missouri Pacific Passenger Depot — 1924
Increased passenger traffic led railroad officials to replace the old frame depot with the new structure located immediately west of the original site. The frame building was rolled to its present site and became the freight depot.Map (db m124363) HM
24Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 4 — Pacific House — 1855
C.H. Kahmann had Pacific House built as a tavern and hotel to accommodate passengers on the just-completed Pacific Railroad. Sold to Frederick Wohlgemuth in 1857, it has continued as a tavern under numerous owners.Map (db m124362) HM
25Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 1 — Pacific Railroad Depot — 1865
Washington's first depot was destroyed by fire during a raid by General Sterling Price in 1864. It was originally east of the current brick depot. The present structure is believed to be the oldest surviving frame depot west of the Mississippi River.Map (db m124374) HM
26Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 9 — Roettger Inn — c. 1852
August Roettger completed this structure for two businesses. He had a woodworking shop in the lower level and his wife operated an inn on the upper floors. Local architect Otto Brix is credited with the building design.Map (db m124365) HM
27Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 26 — Schmidt Jewelry Store — c. 1863
After four years in business, Joseph H. Schmidt purchased this building in 1880 and his "Schmidt Boss Jewelers" continued for 110 years through three generations of the Schmidt family.Map (db m124323) HM
28Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 40 — Schnier Building — 1883
Built to house Fred Schnier's sewing machine and tailoring business, it also showcased his wife Katharina's handmaid hair goods shop. The family resided here for two generations.Map (db m124404) HM
29Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 15 — Schuenemeyer Saloon — 1880
Fritz Schuenemeyer built this structure in 1880 and operated a saloon here. Later the business was sold to and continued by Joseph Stamm.Map (db m169265) HM
30Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 7 — Schwegmann House — 1861
Built by John F. Schwegmann, a miller, whose business was located across Olive Street. This home was built to accommodate Schwegmann's rural customers who brought their grain to town for milling.Map (db m132887) HM
31Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 34 — Southern Presbyterian Church — 1868
A group supporting the Confederacy established this church under the leadership of Dr. Benjamin Burch. In 1883 it became the Crispus Attucks African-American School, later the Vocational Agriculture building for the Washington School District.Map (db m124406) HM
32Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 30 — St. Francis Borgia Church — 1869
The parish dates back to 1834 when founded by twelve immigrant German families. This third church structure was constructed between January 1866 and March 1869 under the leadership of Father Martin Seisl, S.J.Map (db m124391) HM
33Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 36 — St. Francis Borgia Convent & School — 1890
The cornerstone was laid for a new convent built large enough to accommodate future school rooms on June 15, 1890. In 1960, property was purchased nearby for a convent and the southern half of this structure was built to house a growing Catholic . . . Map (db m169273) HM
34Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 37 — St. Francis Borgia Rectory — 1883
Built during the pastorate of Fr. Alex Mathaushek, the cornerstone of this rectory was laid June 10, 1883. Originally, a brick-walled garden stood immediately to the east but was later removed during construction of the drive leading up to the . . . Map (db m169274) HM
35Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 33 — Tamm Building — c. 1864
George Tamm, a German immigrant, bought this lot from Bernard Fricke in 1863. Tamm and his son Charles had their shoe business and residence here until 1925. The addition was added after the Tamms' ownership.Map (db m124402) HM
36Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 25 — The Grothaus Building — c. 1866
John D. Grothaus and John G. Droege operated a general merchandise store at this location from 1867 until Grothaus's death in 1876. The Grothaus family has since leased the property to various businesses.Map (db m124325) HM
37Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 35 — The Theatre Verein — 1855
The theatre was built to present plays in German to the local German speaking population. In 1866 this theatrical society merged with the Turn Verein. The structure was then used by the Grand Army of the Republic and became known as Liberty Hall. . . . Map (db m124403) HM
38Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 13 — Tibbe Power Company — c. 1908
This building was the second of three electrical plants built by Anton Tibbe Sr. It was completed in 1904. Tibbe was responsible for bringing both electricity and telephone service to Washington in the 1890's.Map (db m132886) HM
39Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 8 — Tibbe Power Company — 1915
In December of 1915, amid much fanfare, this power plant came online. Remarkable for that era, this building housed two 75-horsepower generators. Theodore Link of St. Louis Union Station fame was the architect.Map (db m132889) HM
40Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 16 — Voss Bazaar — 1876
Robert Voss built this structure in 1876. The Bank of Washington used it from 1877-1880. Kruel's Five and Dime Store was here for much of the 20th century. The Modern Woodmen of America and Odd Fellows Lodge met here.Map (db m169266) HM
41Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — Washington Bakery — 1868
Built in 1868 by developer C. H. Kahmann it served as the C. Kegelmann Cigar Fctory until 1889. Julius Rombach and Paul Schmidle had their bakery here until the partners split in 1902, Schmidle stayed until 1920. The rear addition was an early . . . Map (db m133200) HM
42Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 11 — Waterworks Building — 1888-89
This building was erected by the Interstate Gas and Waterworks Company. The building served not only as a pumping station for Washington's water supply but also as the home of the proprietor.Map (db m61587) HM
43Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — Wir Sind Freunde - We Are Friends — Sister Cities — Marbach am Neckar • Washington —
The citizens of Washington hereby commemorate the Sister City partnership between the City of Marbach am Neckar, Germany and the City of Washington, Missouri. Recognizing the value of mutual understanding to world peace, we unite in contributing . . . Map (db m61644) HM
44Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 3 — Wolf Hotel — 1869
Hotelkeeper William Wolf had this building constructed in 1869. It was one of several inns and hotels located alongside the railroad tracks and near the depot. Wolf later sold this hotel and started a hotel in Pacific, Missouri. The building has had . . . Map (db m124364) HM
45Missouri, Franklin County, Washington — 6 — Zachariah Foss House — 1846
This house was purchased by Zachariah and Amelia Foss in 1848. Zachariah was a cabinetmaker and Amelia was a teacher of English-speaking children. The house served as a school and is Washington's oldest surviving frame structure. The cellar was . . . Map (db m124369) HM
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Mar. 28, 2023