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Historical Markers and War Memorials in District of Columbia

 
Crossroads Create Community Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, February 29, 2020
Crossroads Create Community Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 4 — Crossroads Create Community — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
The Grand, Neo-classical Revival style building that you see across Georgia Avenue north of Missouri opened in 1925 as the Bank of Brightwood, thanks to efforts of the Brightwood Citizens Association. Designed by Treasury Department architect . . . — Map (db m72818) HM
2District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 3 — Hold the Mayo! — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
English, Irish and German settlers, as well as enslaved and free African Americans, were the first non-natives to claim Brightwood. Farmers dominated until the Civil War. Then in the 1890s electric streetcars allowed government workers to live . . . — Map (db m121018) HM
3District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — Jones-Haywood School of Ballet — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC — 1200 Delafield Place, NW —
The Jones Haywood School of Ballet was founded here by Doris W. Jones and Claire H. Haywood in 1941. Their Capitol Ballet Company, established in 1961, remained the nation's only predominantly African American, professional ballet troupe through the . . . — Map (db m65511) HM
4District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 2 — Mayor Emery and the Union Army — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
The City Park across the street was once Emery Place, the summer estate of Matthew Gault Emery. A prominent builder, Emery was Washington City's last elected mayor during the period of home rule. He was succeeded in 1874 by a . . . — Map (db m72816) HM
5District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 1 — Racing at Brightwood — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Fresh Water Springs in this pleasant high ground once drew European settlers. Farmers called the area "Crystal Spring." In 1859 the half-mile Crystal Spring Racetrack opened on land to your left. For 75 cents, Washingtonians hopped a . . . — Map (db m109288) HM
6District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — The Former Engine Co 24 of the District of Columbia Fire Department
The facade of the original house for Engine Company 24 was located at 3702 Georgia Avenue, N.W. just north of this site. Built in 1911, the firehouse was designed by Luther Leisenring and Charles Gregg. It originally housed horses and horse-drawn . . . — Map (db m149476) HM
7District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 10 — "Suburban" Development — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
By the 1890s the Rock Creek Railway Company's new electric streetcars made it easy to commute across town. The "country" settlements of this area became "suburban." One streetcar line followed 18th to Calvert Street, passed here, and then . . . — Map (db m130701) HM
8District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — A People Without Murals Is A Demuralized People
Painted in 1977, A People Without Murals Is A Demuralized People is the oldest and only mural remaining in Adams Morgan created by a group of Latino immigrant artists. It was brought back to life in 2005 by Sol & Soul, a D.C. . . . — Map (db m112851) HM
9District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 5 — Ambassadors of Faith — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
Three dramatic religious structures dominate this corner. They are among some 40 religious institutions lining 16th Street between the White House and the Maryland state line. Many serve as unofficial “embassies” representing . . . — Map (db m152206) HM
10District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Archaeology in Adams Morgan — Surveying the Cemeteries in Walter Pierce Park, 2005-2013
In 2013, Howard University archaeologists, working with concerned citizens, completed a seven-year survey of Walter C. Pierce Community Park. Their goal: to identify and protect two 19th Century cemeteries--the Colored Union Benevolent . . . — Map (db m112588) HM
11District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Ballades — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'Everyone saw in this music, as in the clouds, something different for himself' — Fιlicien Mallefille Chopin created the genre of the piano ballade. Before Chopin, the name ballad referred in music not to works for solo piano, but to . . . — Map (db m150239) HM
12District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 16 — Building a Better Neighborhood — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
Across the street you can see the Marie H. Reed Community Learning Center. It opened in 1977 on the former sites of Morgan Community School and Happy Hollow Playground. Both the Adams and Morgan elementary schools became "community schools" . . . — Map (db m130703) HM
13District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Calvin T.S. Brent Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1700 V Street, NW —
Calvin T.S. Brent (1854-1899), believed to be Washington's first African American architect, lived here briefly in the early 1890s. (His other residences have been demolished.) Brent began practicing in 1875 and after a two-year apprenticeship and . . . — Map (db m129528) HM
14District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania — Mrs. Henderson's Favorite Embassy — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
You are standing in front of the Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania. The Spanish Baroque style mansion is all that remains of what was once a duplex, or double, embassy building designed by George Oakley Totten for Mary Foote Henderson's . . . — Map (db m82711) HM
15District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Embassy of the Republic of Poland — A Beaux-Arts Beauty — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
You are now standing in front of the longest-serving embassy building among Washington DC's more than 180 diplomatic missions: the Embassy of the Republic of Poland. Renowned architect George Oakley Totten designed the building for Mary Foote . . . — Map (db m83344) HM
16District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Etudes — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'His etudes for piano are masterpieces' — Hector Berlioz Chopin's twenty-four Etudes contained in opuses 10 and 25, gathered into cohesively composed cycles of twelve pieces, and the Trois nouvelles ιtudes constitute a new . . . — Map (db m150236) HM
17District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Impromptus — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'The airy mood of a moment assumes a shape and form – although it becomes a trifle, it conceals the most delicate feelings in such cheerful, playful attire' — Ferdinand Hiller on the Impromptu in A flat major, Op. 29 . . . — Map (db m150248) HM
18District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Josι Martν — 1853 - 1895
Hιroe Nacional de Cuba [English translation:] National Hero of Cuba — Map (db m150252) HM
19District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 7 — Lanier Heights — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
Banker Archibald McLachlen and Smithsonian Institution naturalist George Brown Goode developed Lanier Heights in the early 1890s. Goode laid out streets and encouraged Smithsonian colleagues to purchase lots. McLachlan built the elegant Ontario . . . — Map (db m130704) HM
20District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 4 — Life on the Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
During the Civil War (1861-1865), the Union Army Carver Hospital and barracks occupied Meridian Hill. The facilities attracted African American freedom seekers looking for protection and employment. By war’s end, a Black community had put down . . . — Map (db m130705) HM
21District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Lithuania's March to Freedom — Keeping a Nation Alive — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
Since 1924 this mansion has housed representatives of the Republic of Lithuania, even during the 50 years when the country was occupied by the Soviet Union. In the late 1700s, the Russian Empire annexed Lithuania's territory, ending the . . . — Map (db m82751) HM
22District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Mazurkas — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'Remarkable details reside in his mazurkas, and he also found a way to render them doubly interesting, performing them without a supreme degree of softness, in a superlative piano, barely feathering the strings with the hammers' — . . . — Map (db m150241) HM
23District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 2 — Meridian Hill/Malcolm X Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
Long before Europeans arrived, Meridian Hill was a sacred place for Native Americans. As recently as 1992, a delegation of Native Americans walked across the continent to this park to mourn the 500th anniversary of Columbus’s arrival. They were . . . — Map (db m130706) HM
24District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 1 — Mrs. Henderson's Legacy — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
As you look up the hill, you can see Peter C. L’Enfant’s 1791 plan for Washington ended up here in front of you at Boundary Avenue, now Florida Avenue. Back then, when people walked or rode in horse-drawn vehicles, it was hard to climb this . . . — Map (db m130707) HM
25District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Nocturns — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'unlike anything else in their overall character, backfilled by the name of the works, nocturne, not admitting of tones in any colours other than dreamy, dark.' — Gottfried Wilhelm Fink The nocturn is a genre often identified with . . . — Map (db m150246) HM
26District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 89001744 — Park Tower
Park Tower 2440 Sixteenth Street, NW Built 1928 has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m132726) HM
27District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Polish-U.S. Diplomatic Relations — History Lives — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
When Poland declared its independence in 1918 after 123 years or foreign partition, the first prime minister of independent Poland — Ignacy Jan Paderewski — sent Prince Kazimierz Lubomirski to Washington as the country's first . . . — Map (db m82636) HM
28District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Polonaises — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'They enclose the noblest traditional sentiments of Old Poland. […] They mainly contain a combative element, but the courage and valour are tinged with serenity – a characteristic property of this knightly nation' — Ferenc Liszt . . . — Map (db m150240) HM
29District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Preludes — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'If Chopin had composed nothing but the preludes, he would still deserve immortality' — Anton Rubinstein Copin completed his 24 Preludes, Op. 28 in the years 1838-1839, but the ideas probably date back to earlier years, possibly even . . . — Map (db m150244) HM
30District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — President Reagan Assassination Attempt — National Historic Place
On March 30, 1981, President Ronald Reagan marked the 100th visit to Washington Hilton by a sitting U.S. President. Reagan had been invited to speak in the International Ballroom at a meeting of the North America's Building Trades Unions. Upon . . . — Map (db m93218) HM
31District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 14 — Rooms With a View — Roads to Diversity — Adams-Morgan Heritage Trail —
This hill, with its sweeping views of Washington and the Potomac, has tantalized visionaries since the 1800s. But few of their plans have been built. In 1873 businessman and city commissioner Thomas P. Morgan (whose name survives as part of . . . — Map (db m93415) HM
32District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Scherzos — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'How should gravity array itself when jest is already darkly robed?' — Robert Schumann In the tradition of the genre, the scherzo, which in Italian means 'joke', altered in terms of forms and function, although it retained its . . . — Map (db m150238) HM
33District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 8 — Serving the Neighborhood — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
Furs by Gartenhaus and truffles by Avignon Freres. Hand-crafted ice cream from Budd's. Beginning in the 1910s, such neighborhood favorites occupied the commercial buildings to your right developed by Sanner and Barr. These fashionable shops . . . — Map (db m130708) HM
34District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Soldiers and Sailors Buried at Mt. Pleasant Plains Cemetery, 1870-1890 — (Walter Pierce Park)
"I knew him when he was drafted for the war, and I knew him when he came back ... He had a soldier's clothes on when he came back, with a gun, canteen, knap sack and blanket."-- Lloyd Mudd, testifying to U.S. Pension officials about Enoch . . . — Map (db m112866) HM
35District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Sonatas — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'Music it is not' — Robert Schumann on the finale of the Sonata in B flat minor Chopin composed four sonatas over the course of twenty years. They differ in both musical language and forces (the first three are for solo piano, while . . . — Map (db m150243) HM
36District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Songs — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'Now the little songster, Lost to vision mortal, Earth's lament unending Bears to Heav'n's bright portal' — Stefan Witwicki, except from the song 'Wiosna' ('Spring') Chopin invested his nineteen extant songs for voice and . . . — Map (db m150249) HM
37District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — The ›Duke‹ Ellington Memorial Bridge
Named in honor of Edward Kennedy Ellington 1899-1974 Native Son Composer - Performer - Playwright International Statesman of Goodwill — Map (db m67913) HM
38District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 18 — The Artistic Life — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
The lively scene around you began with an arts movement in the 1950s. Musicians, dancers, and artists found centrally located 18th Street attractive as declining rents made it affordable. Early on, jazz guitarist Charlie Byrd brought fame . . . — Map (db m152207) HM
39District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — The Envoy
The Envoy is a designated D.C. Landmark and is placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. Department of the Interior Built -- 1916 Restored -- 1981 — Map (db m135080) HM
40District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 6 — The Latino Community — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
This is the heart of Washington’s Latino community. Once centered here and in nearby Mount Pleasant and Columbia Heights, the community now extends throughout the region. As early as the 1910s, the Mexican, Ecuadoran, Cuban, and Spanish . . . — Map (db m130709) HM
41District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — The Ontario Theater — Celebration Through Preservation
1950s This building was the site of Washington's Ontario Theatre, a local cinema that played a notable part in the area's history. Accomplished theater architect John J. Zink, best known for designing the art deco Uptown Theater in . . . — Map (db m114770) HM
42District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 3 — The Roots of Reed-Cooke — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
In 1947, the building on your left opened as the National Arena, a public roller rink and bowling alley. It also hosted professional wrestling, roller derbies, and rock concerts. In 1986 it became the Citadel Motion Picture Center, where . . . — Map (db m130710) HM
43District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 9 — Tragedy at 18th and Columbia — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
Before there was "Adams Morgan," this crossroads lent the neighborhood its name: "18th and Columbia." Here you could catch a streetcar to just about anywhere and buy nearly anything. But back in 1922, 18th and Columbia witnessed a tragedy. . . . — Map (db m130711) HM
44District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 17 — Urban Renewal Era — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
The charming Victorian rowhouses you see along 18th Street are an Adams Morgan signature. But they were nearly lost in the 1960s in the name of progress. During World War II, thousands flooded Washington to work for the government, . . . — Map (db m130712) HM
45District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 11 — Walter Pierce Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
The Rock Creek Valley, once home to Native Americans, had attracted European settlers by 1703. Before he became president in 1825, John Quincy Adams purchased Adams Mills on Rock Creek from his cousin. The mills, just down the hill, processed . . . — Map (db m130713) HM
46District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Waltzes — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'Aristocratic from the first note to the last' — Robert Schumann Only eight Chopin waltzes were intended by the composer for publication. They include both striking concert waltzes of the brillant type and also sentimental . . . — Map (db m150242) HM
47District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Works For Piano And Orchestra — Fryderyk Chopin — Creation —
'Among his new works is to be a Concerto in F minor, worthy of standing alongside works by the foremost musicians of Europe' — Eugeniusz Koźmian All of Chopin's works with orchestra represented a sort of portfolio accompanying . . . — Map (db m150251) HM
48District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 12 — A Spirit of Community — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
Episcopalians first gathered here to worship in 1874, when St. Alban's Church, located on Wisconsin Avenue and Massachusetts, started a mission for the area. In good weather, services took place under a majestic oak tree on land donated by . . . — Map (db m130927) HM
49District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 17 — American University — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
Beyond Ward Circle to your left is the campus of American University, chartered by Congress in 1893. Methodist Bishop John Fletcher Hurst guided the university’s development as a center for training future public servants. With its schools in . . . — Map (db m130932) HM
50District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 1 — Beer, Popcorn, and Penny Candy — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
Suburban shopping arrived in Tenleytown when Sears, Roebuck & Co. erected a Moderne style store here in 1941. The sleek faηade demonstrated the latest in department store design. Sears was the second Tenleytown business — after Giant . . . — Map (db m130918) HM
51District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Churches and Cemeteries — Tenleytown, DC — Country Village to City Neighborhood —
One of the oldest churches in Tenleytown is the Eldbrooke United Methodist Church located on River Road. This church was founded in 1840 as the Mount Zion Methodist Church. Some of Tenleytown's earliest inhabitants are buried in The Methodist . . . — Map (db m112176) HM
52District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Early Commerce — Tenleytown, DC — Country Village to City Neighborhood —
In the 1700s and 1800s Tenleytown's origin as a crossroad generated numerous commercial activities, such as tobacco trade, farms, dairies, and slaughterhouses, along with the "Tennallytown" Tavern. Murdock Mill Road led from Tenleytown to an early . . . — Map (db m112178) HM
53District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Early Inhabitants — Tenleytown, DC — Country Village to City Neighborhood —
As an early country village, Tenleytown inhabitants held occupations such as farmers, millers, tavern owners and shopkeepers. Since horses provided the primary method of transportation until the early 1900s, blacksmithing was a popular occupation in . . . — Map (db m112179) HM
54District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 15 — For the Children — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
From 1927 until the late 1950s, the landscaped grounds across the street were the Hillcrest Children’s Center. It was founded downtown in 1814 as the Washington City Orphan Asylum by Marcia Burnes Van Ness and President Madison’s wife Dolley. . . . — Map (db m130930) HM
55District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Fort Bayard
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865. No visible evidence remains of Fort Bayard, which stood at the top of this hill. Named for Brig. Gen. George Bayard, mortally wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. — Map (db m124) HM
56District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — General Artemas Ward Monument — 1727–1800
Son of Massachusetts • Graduate of Harvard College • Judge and legislator • Delegate 1780–1781 to the Continental Congress • Soldier of three wars • First commander of patriot forces. — Map (db m48362) HM
57District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 7 — In Touch with the World — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
“Tenley Tower,” behind you, dates from the mid-1940s. Western Union Telegraph Co. built it as part of an experimental system using microwaves to transmit telegrams in the mid-Atlantic region. This new technology helped erase . . . — Map (db m130925) HM
58District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 18 — Live on Our Stage! — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
When NBC radio and television and its local affiliate, WRC, moved to these new headquarters in 1958, the average TV screen measured 12 inches. The facility opened with six studios—three TV and three radio. Soon history happened here. . . . — Map (db m47866) HM
59District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Luis Alves De Lima E Silva
Luis Alves de Lima e Silva Duke of Caxias Marshal, hero and patron of the undefeated Brazilian Army. — Map (db m129203) WM
60District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 14 — On the Circle — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
In the 1930s city engineers created Tenley Circle where commuters heading cross-town or downtown changed streetcars. Across the street and to the left of Tenley Circle, a surviving strip of historic Grant Road meets Wisconsin Avenue. In the . . . — Map (db m130929) HM
61District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 10 — Set in Stone — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Heritage Trail —
You are standing on the west side of Mt. Airy, a subdivision spanning Wisconsin Avenue laid out in the late 1890s. Mt. Airy evolved into a dense, working-class neighborhood, where policemen and dairymen lived in modest houses. Among them . . . — Map (db m130926) HM
62District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — The National Presbyterian Church
Established on the foundation of The Church of the Covenant and The First Presbyterian Church The Church of the Covenant was organized in 1883 and since 1885 has worshipped in this edifice The First Presbyterian . . . — Map (db m130036) HM
63District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 13 — To the Rescue — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
The brick building across the street opened in 1928 as the Convent of Bon Secours (literally, “good help”). The convent’s sisters had arrived in Baltimore from France in 1881. In Baltimore they quietly nursed both wealthy and needy . . . — Map (db m130928) HM
64District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 16 — Winning the War — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
The U.S. Navy arrived across the street at 3801 Nebraska Avenue during World War II, taking the Colonial style red-brick campus of Mount Vernon Seminary for secret “essential wartime activities.” Soon more than 5,000 workers . . . — Map (db m130931) HM
65District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — World War I Memorial
To the Glory of God and in loving memory of the men of the Church of the Covenant who gave their lives in the Great War William Strong Jr Lieutenant January 1915 Expeditionary Force Enlisted at Toronto • Gassed at . . . — Map (db m130035) WM
66District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — World War I Memorial
In reverent memory of Alan Ogilvie Clephane Elias Quereau Horton Guy Wilkinson Stuart Castle who willingly gave their lives for their country in the World War This memorial is erected by The Society of Colonial Wars . . . — Map (db m130125) WM
67District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — World War II Memorial
In honored memory of the men of this congregation who gave their lives for their country in the War 1941 - 1945 Samuel Kendall Angus, U.S.A. Charles Stone Borden, A.A.F. David Rumbough Donaldson, U.S.A. William B. Drysdale, . . . — Map (db m130124) WM
68District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 13 — A Neighborhood Oasis — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Follow Good Hope Road under the highway to your left to reach Anacostia Park, a longtime neighborhood oasis. In 1914, after years of citizen requests, Congress directed the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to "improve" the Anacostia River by . . . — Map (db m130717) HM
69District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 14 — Booth's Escape — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Late On The Night Of April 14, 1865, a guard at the other end of the Navy Yard Bridge allowed a young man on horseback to cross, despite a wartime curfew. Unbeknownst to the guard, the rider, John Wilkes Booth, had just shot President Abraham . . . — Map (db m100715) HM
70District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 10 — Crossing Lines — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Across the street is the former 11th Precinct Police Station. In 1993 it became the Max Robinson Center for Health and Living, providing services for people with HIV/AIDS. Whether by design or by accident, in 1910 the city built . . . — Map (db m100763) HM
71District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort Stanton — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861 – 1865 —
Earthworks of Fort Stanton are visible in the wooded area 200 yards in front of you. Diagram: Fort Stanton from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Fort Stanton was named for Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, was the first fort . . . — Map (db m46623) HM
72District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a . . . — Map (db m40846) HM
73District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass's Rustic Retreat — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Where do you go when you do not want to be disturbed? Frederick Douglass came to this tiny stone cabin that he called the Growlery. Coined by Charles Dickens, the word "Growlery" literally means a place to growl. Douglass kept his Growlery . . . — Map (db m130979) HM
74District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 19 — Mother Churches and Their Daughters — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Across This Intersection is St. Teresa of Avila, the first Catholic Church east of the Anacostia River. It is called the “mother church” because many area congregations are its offshoots. As Uniontown grew, so did its Catholic . . . — Map (db m130719) HM
75District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 20 — Rose's Row — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Across the intersection to your left is Rose's Row, three one-family and three two-family houses built in 1890 by local saloon-keeper William H. Rose. Rose's son Daniel designed them in the popular Italianate style and carefully crafted a . . . — Map (db m130720) HM
76District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The Big Chair — Re-dedication April 25, 2006
This community landmark represents the Curtis Companies long standing allegience to the neighborhood and steadfast committment to unity, prosperity and good will to all Washingtonians and friends of Anacostia. Designers: John . . . — Map (db m5446) HM
77District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 12 — The Big Chair — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
This Anacostia icon once marked the entrance to Curtis Brothers Furniture Co. The business dated to 1926, when young Fred and George Curtis acquired a Model T Ford truck to deliver ice, then progressed to moving furniture. They soon rented a . . . — Map (db m100690) HM
78District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The Growlery
Here stood Frederick Douglass’ rustic retreat from domestic society, where he could think, read and write undisturbed. Evoking the image of a lion’s lair, he called his hideaway the Growlery. It was simply furnished with a lounge, a high desk and a . . . — Map (db m5362) HM
79District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 18 — The Sage of Anacostia — An East-of-the River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
This imposing property once belonged to Anacostia’s most famous resident: Frederick Douglass. After escaping slavery as a young man, Douglass rose to become a distinguished abolitionist, writer, publisher, and orator. By the 1860s Douglass was . . . — Map (db m88723) HM
80District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The World’s Largest Chair
Presented to Curtis Bros. for their outstanding leadership and service to the public by the Basset Furniture Industries. The chair made of solid Honduras mahogany is 19½ feet tall and weighs 4600 pounds. Designer: . . . — Map (db m5459) HM
81District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Thurgood Marshall
Real Justice The Spirit of Thurgood Marshall 7-2-08 to 1-24-98 I still believe firmly that the right will win out. Justice for all people, regardless of race, creed or color. The long-time NAACP lawyer who argued successfully in . . . — Map (db m88468) HM
82District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 11 — Transit and Trade — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
The arrival of modern transportation after the Civil War transformed Anacostia. The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad opened a branch line along the river here in 1874, brining industry. Two years later businessman and developer Henry Griswold launched . . . — Map (db m130721) HM
83District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 17 — Uniontown, DC's First Suburb — East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Today's Anacostia Historic District began in 1854 as Uniontown, Washington's first planned suburb. The Union Land Association saw the large Navy Yard workforce across the Anacostia River as potential customers for building lots they carved out . . . — Map (db m95972) HM
84District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia Park — Armaments & Aircraft
The Washington Navy Yard is the oldest establishment of the U.S. Navy. It was the scene of many scientific developments including a ship model testing basin that evaluated the effect of water on new hull designs. The first shipboard aircraft . . . — Map (db m141714) HM
85District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia Park — Flora & Fauna
Over the past 400 years, the Anacostia watershed has changed from a lush, diverse ecosystem to one shaped by trade, agriculture and a rapidly expanding population. In the 1700s, forests were cleared to make way for crop cultivation, which caused . . . — Map (db m141634) HM
86District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia Park — Hillsdale & Frederick Douglass
The "Freedmen's Bureau" acquired 375 acres of land that was originally a tobacco plantation from the Barry Family in the late 1800's. In 1867, the land was named Hillsdale by African Americans who came to Washington in great numbers before and . . . — Map (db m141635) HM
87District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia Park — Native People & Visitors
The Nacotchtank were American Indians who lived in the area now known as Washington, D.C. Also called the Necostins, their principle village was located on the eastern bank of a small river that still bears an anglicized version of their name . . . — Map (db m141633) HM
88District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Acanthus mollis — Artist's Acanthus
According to Dioscorides, the root was good for treating ruptures and convulsions. It was also used as a diuretic. — Map (db m144670) HM
89District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Achillea millefolium — Yarrow
Yarrow was one of the first herbs brought to America by the colonists. Its leaves were used to stop the flow of blood on cuts and bruises and to deaden the pain. — Map (db m144642) HM
90District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Acorus calamus — Sweet Flag
The Penobscot tribe of Maine believed this plant to have protective powers; they chewed a piece of the aromatic root to ward off disease when traveling or used steam from the root to prevent illness. — Map (db m144624) HM
91District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Anethum graveolens — Dill
Although used to flavor food, dill was also eaten to help calm upset stomachs and indigestion, especially in children. Seeds were used in pickling and to flavor vinegar. — Map (db m144643) HM
92District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Apocynum cannabinum — Indian Hemp
Native Americans used the stalk for fiber in the same way Europeans used their hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. Indian Hemp is superior, however, because it is stronger and lasts longer. This herb is poisonous. — Map (db m144567) HM
93District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Artemisia abrotanum — Southernwood
Artemisia abrotanum hung in courtrooms was thought to stop the spread of disease. It was also used in kitchens to keep bad odors away. Pennsylvania Germans used southernwood in their pantries to repel ants. — Map (db m145047) HM
94District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Artemisia absinthium — Wormwood
This plant was spread across floors and put in between clothes in dressers to repel insects and moths. The plant was thought to prevent disease, as well as expel worms. — Map (db m144556) HM
95District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Arum maculatum — Lords-and-Ladies
The juice, mixed with oil, stopped earaches and destroyed nasal polyps. It was also used to treat certain cancers and abortion. Drunk with wine, it was an aphrodisiac. The plant is injurious. — Map (db m144661) HM
96District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Asarum canadense — Wild Ginger
The Chippewa used this herb to season food and chewed the root to relieve indigestion. The Iroquois used the roots to preserve meats. — Map (db m144574) HM
97District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Asclepias tuberosa — Butterfly Weed
This plant was one of the most important medicines of the Menomini. The pulverized root was used for cuts and wounds, and was mixed with other roots for additional cures. This herb is potentially toxic if taken internally. — Map (db m144617) HM
98District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Ballota nigra — Black Horehound
Dioscorides reported that the leaves were applied with salt to dog bites, with honey to clean ulcers, and that the ashes of the leaves repressed venereal warts. — Map (db m144666) HM
99District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Baptistia tinctoria — Wild Indigo
The Cherokee used the leaves and woody stem to make a blue die. The Mohegan bathed their cuts and wounds with an infusion of the plant. This entire herb is toxic. — Map (db m144568) HM
100District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Calendula officinalis — Pot Marigold
Brought to America by the first colonists, pot marigolds were used to flavor and color stews and cheeses. The Plymouth colony also used the flowers to dye cloth. — Map (db m144640) HM

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Sep. 21, 2020