Brick-end decorated barns are one of the finest classics of rural American architecture. These southern & central Pennsylvania barns were very expensive to build. The brick ends were constructed with designs which were formed by the gaps, or . . . — — Map (db m105321) HM
The most common cider press of the 18th century was the two-screw press. Two men would turn the large wooden screws. As they turned, the roof was lowered onto the apple pulp. As the pressure increased, the cider flowed.
The first step in . . . — — Map (db m105452) HM
The first step in making cider in the days gone by was to grind the apples into pulp, called pomace in English and "dreschter" in the dialect. Then the "dreschter" was imbedded in layers of flailed rye straw. The cider press was operated by two . . . — — Map (db m105315) HM
Although many Pa. Dutch colour their Easter eggs with commercial dyes, some still use the traditional methods. To get the different colours, various vegetables and roots are boiled with the eggs.
Adler [sic - Alder] catkins and hickory . . . — — Map (db m105318) HM
For the Pa. Dutch, the dew which falls from heaven on the anniversary of the coming of the Christ child is supposed to have beneficial effects. Here are several examples: since the number 3 is considered lucky, three pieces of bread are hung on . . . — — Map (db m105511) HM
The Dutch Country, like the rest of singinging [sic] America, has a two-fold folksong tradition: secular & religious. The Pennsylvania Spiritual is an original contribution to American hymns. Of the two folksong traditions the most important in . . . — — Map (db m105455) HM
Raisin pie is still known as leicht (funeral pie). This pie was a favorite at the gathering of family & friends which was held after the funeral services. In fact, raisin pie was rarely served except at these funeral gatherings.
The Big Valley . . . — — Map (db m105454) HM
Literally, in the Pa. Dutch dialect this means Green Thursday. The day is also known as Holy Thursday, or Maunday Thursday. For the Pa. Dutch, the day before Good Friday became known as Green Thursday because you had to eat something green that . . . — — Map (db m105323) HM
On New Year's Day, you must say, "Happy New Year" to the flowers in your garden. If you don't, they will not bloom in the spring.
To insure good luck & health all year, you should eat sauerkraut on New Year's Day.
Note: To this day, roast pork, . . . — — Map (db m105398) HM
During the 18th century, every Pa. Dutch farmscape included an outdoor bake oven. Since Pa. Dutch farm women did not yet have woodstoves, they had to devise a way to bake. Most farm kitchens contained large open-hearth fireplaces, over which . . . — — Map (db m105516) HM
The ballad is a narrative song which deals with murder, suicide, natural calamities, & unrequited love. Although ballads were sung throughout Europe, most American ballads parallel the British Isle's ballads. Pa. Dutch ballads were often of a . . . — — Map (db m105313) HM
Although English villages such as Stratford-on-Avon, are the most famous examples of half-timbering, Pa. also has its share of these structures. There are two styles of Pa. half-timbering. The country-style has plastering between the exposed, . . . — — Map (db m105512) HM
Prospects of marriage: after a quilt was completed at a quilting party, four unmarried girls would each take a corner of the new quilt and hold it so it sagged in the middle. A cat was put into the quilt, and then with a little jolting would run . . . — — Map (db m105356) HM
Prospects of marriage: after a quilt was completed at a quilting party, four unmarried girls would each take a corner of the new quilt and hold it so it sagged in the middle. A cat was put into the quilt, and then with a little jolting would run . . . — — Map (db m105515) HM
New England Puritans celebrated their November Thanksgiving as a substitute for Christmas which was forbidden to them. Pa. Gay Dutch celebrated Christmas & had their own Thanksgiving called Harvest Home.
A cultural conflict resulted when New . . . — — Map (db m105451) HM
Shortly after the American Revolution revivalism struck the American frontier & kindled a new, totally American institution, the camp meeting. Born on the Southern frontier, the camp meeting soon invaded the Pa. Dutch Country where it was known as . . . — — Map (db m105450) HM
"Der licht macher" means light maker or candlemaker, who used beeswax or bayberry wax for his candles. Professional candlemakers were usually found in large towns & cities. The candlemaker hung a wick, with a small weight at the bottom from a piece . . . — — Map (db m105399) HM
In Colonial America, the Dutchman of eastern Pa. grew the nation's wheat & the Scotch-Irishman of western Pa. made the nation's rye whiskey. Both the flour from the wheat & the whiskey were barreled for shipment to eastern seaboard markets. To . . . — — Map (db m105360) HM
The Mennonites were named for Menno Simmons, a 16th century Dutch leader. They are descendants of the 16th century religious radicals who were known as Anabaptists. They wanted to reserve the rite of baptism for those adults who had made a . . . — — Map (db m105513) HM
In 1741, the Moravians, or the Unitas Fratrum, settled in Bethlehem Pa. Other settlements were founded in Lehigh, Northampton, & Lancaster Counties. Although they immigrated [from] Germany, & settled among other Germans in Pa., they never . . . — — Map (db m105514) HM
The Pa. Dutch folk-culture is divided into two distinct elements: the "Plain" Dutch, who are in the minority, are the Amish & Mennonites: the "Gay" Dutch are, for the most part, Lutheran & Reformed.
The "Plain" Dutch are biblicists: they strictly . . . — — Map (db m105394) HM
A Georgian Townhouse Built on inlot 27 & 28 of George Kutz's
1779 Town Plan. The Residence of Conrad Cupp in 1810
Town Crier in 1817 and Clerk of the Village Market.
Dedicated to the Memory of
Dr. Alfred L. Shoemaker
Founder of the . . . — — Map (db m105350) HM
The Dutch folk culture is divided into two completely different ways of life. The Amish & related religious sects represent a minority of the Dutch population & are known as Plain Dutch. The majority of Pa. Dutch Lutherans & Reformed denominations . . . — — Map (db m105320) HM
A popular form of gambling in the Old Dutch Country was the Wheelbarrow Match. Each participant would pay a fee, usually 10˘ or 15˘, to co[m]pete.
A post was planted in a field about 100 yards from the starting point. Each contestant takes his . . . — — Map (db m105354) HM