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Maryland, Fort McHenry Historical Markers

 
A Vast Hospital Once Stood Here Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, February 17, 2020
A Vast Hospital Once Stood Here Marker
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — A Vast Hospital Once Stood Here
"Our work was here and no less heroic than the ones who went over . . ." Emily Raine Williams, Army Nurse Corps. "General Hospital No. 2 has been built entirely around the original fort . . ." Captain . . . — Map (db m145541) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Another Day on Duty... 1814
Two soldiers have finished guard duty and should be cleaning their weapons. Instead, they talk to a servant, enslaved to one of the militia officers. A sergeant overhears their conversation and prepares to rebuke them for talking instead of . . . — Map (db m145543) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Armistead
To Col. George Armistead, April 10, 1779 – April 25, 1818, commander of this fort during the bombardment by the British Fleet, Sept. 13-14 1814. War of 1812. Erected Spet. 12, 1914 by the City of Baltimore, Soc. War of 1812 . . . — Map (db m2595) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Bombproofs
The arched chambers on either side of the sally port are identical bomb shelters for the fort's soldiers. They were built immediately after the bombardment of 1814, when it became obvious that such places were needed. Fortunately, Fort McHenry was . . . — Map (db m12246) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — British Bomb
Fired by the British Naval Forces during the bombardment of this fort Sept. 13-14, 1814 when by the light of “Bombs bursting in air” the National Anthem – The Star Spangled Banner had its birth. — Map (db m10882) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Captain Francis Hancock
"This tree dedicated to Captain Francis Hancock, whose command discovered the attempt of 1200 British Marines to surprise Fort McHenry from the rear and revealed their boats to adjacent batteries by lighting fires on the opposite shore resulting in . . . — Map (db m145565) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Civil War Guardhouse
Fort McHenry has had several guardhouses. This one, built in 1835 and enlarged in 1857, is one of the best preserved buildings in the star fort. Soldiers on duty in this room guarded military offenders in the adjacent cells. During the Civil . . . — Map (db m2590) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Colonel James McHenry
"This tree dedicated to Colonel James McHenry Secretary of War under Presidents Washington and John Adams and for whom Fort McHenry was named in 1798 when it was offered to the Federal Government." — Map (db m145548) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Colonel William M. McDonald
"This tree dedicated to Colonel William M. McDonald who commanded the 6th Maryland Regiment at the Battle of North Point, September 12th, 1814." — Map (db m145573) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Commanding Officer’s Quarters
The rooms on the left end of this building stood as a separate structure during the 1814 period. this was the residence of Major George Armistead, commanding officer and “Hero of Fort McHenry.” It was Armistead who directed the . . . — Map (db m2592) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Dawn's Early Light
9:00 a.m., September 14, 1814 "The enemy has been severely drubbed..." Commodore John Rodgers, U.S. Navy 1814 At 7:30 a.m. on September 14, 1814, after 25 hours of shelling, the bomb ship HMS Volcano . . . — Map (db m145545) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Direct Hits
2:00 p.m. September 13, 1814 Two men died on this ground. During the afternoon of the bombardment the men on this bastion felt helpless. The mortars on the British bomb ships could fire their 200-pound shells two miles (half way to the . . . — Map (db m145544) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Evolution of Fort McHenry
After the Battle of Baltimore in 1814, Fort McHenry continued as a military post for more than a hundred years. The U.S. Army constructed buildings outside the star fort and modified existing structures to serve the needs of the time. During the . . . — Map (db m10881) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Experimental Carriages
Funds for developing new weapons decreased after the Civil War, forcing the Army to upgrade the cannon they already had. These three 19-inch Rodman gun tubes were probably made during the 1870’s, but their carriages are improved versions . . . — Map (db m2637) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Fort McHenry1814 - 1914
1776 Whetstone Point shore battery 1794 Star Fort begun. Later named for Washington’s Secretary of War 1795 Reservation partly acquired by the United States 1814 Gallant defence during British bombardment inspired the . . . — Map (db m2569) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Francis Scott Key
This tree dedicated to Francis Scott Key who was inspired to write our National Anthem — The Star Spangled Banner — by the flag which flew from Fort McHenry during its bombardment. — Map (db m145550) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Heritage of Courage...The Society of the War of 1812
The successful defense of Baltimore from British attack has been remembered and commemorated every year since 1814. The Society of the War of 1812 maintains the legacy of remembrance. This society traces its origin to Fort McHenry. On . . . — Map (db m145540) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Lieutenant H.S. Newcomb
"This tree dedicated to Lieutenant H.S. Newcomb, of Barney's Flotilla, who commanded Fort Covington, water front battery supplemental to Fort McHenry, September 12th, 13th, 14th, 1814." — Map (db m145575) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Lieutenant John A. Webster
"This tree dedicated to Lieutenant John A. Webster, of Barney's Flotilia, who commanded Fort Babcock, water front battery supplement to Fort McHenry, September 12th, 13th, 14th, 1814." — Map (db m145564) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Lieutenant John Frazier
"This tree dedicated to Lieutenant John Frazier of Barney's Flotilla, who commnded the Lazarretto, a water front battery supplemental to Fort McHenry, September 12th, 13th, 14th, 1814." — Map (db m145552) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Lieutenant S. Rutter
"This tree dedicated to Lieutenant S. Rutter of Barney's Flotilla who commanded the barges that protected the entrance to the harbor as the left wing of the water battery of Fort McHenry." — Map (db m145566) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Mortars vs. Guns
When the British attacked in 1814, guns of this type – but larger – were fired from the ramparts and the water batteries near the riverbank. They kept the British warships from entering Baltimore Harbor, but they could not shoot far . . . — Map (db m10885) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — O Say Can You See?
If you had been standing on this rampart with the American gunners on the morning of September 14, 1814, you would have had a close-up view of the dramatic scene Francis Scott Key described in our National Anthem. About two miles downstream, . . . — Map (db m2572) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Orpheus
The heroic bronze figure in front of you is not, as many suppose, a likeness of Francis Scott Key. The statue represents Orpheus, the artful poet, musician, and singer of Greek Mythology. In 1914 Congress appropriated funds for a . . . — Map (db m707) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Outer Battery
This complex of earthen embankments and masonry structures has been the site of Fort McHenry’s heaviest artillery since about 1840. The U.S. Army kept this battery heavily armed during the Civil War to discourage any Confederate attempts to take . . . — Map (db m10891) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Powder Magazine
Magazines are structures designed to protect gunpowder and ammunition from moisture, sparks and impact. In 1814, a much smaller magazine stood here. During the famous bombardment, a British shell crashed into the roof, but miraculously failed . . . — Map (db m2593) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Ravelin Magazine
Near the end of the Civil War, several large cannon were mounted on the ravelin above, and in the adjacent water battery. The commanding officer ordered that 1,000 rounds of ammunition be kept nearby for each gun. In 1866, this magazine and two . . . — Map (db m145542) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Remember 1814
Fort McHenry protected the water approaches to Baltimore for more than a hundred years, but was attacked only once. On September 13-14, 1814, British ships fired rockets and mortars at the fort for twenty-five hours. Fort McHenry withstood the . . . — Map (db m10875) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Sailors Fighting SailorsU.S. Chesapeake Flotilla vs. Royal Navy
Sailors provided the backbone of Baltimore’s defense during the War of 1812. A strong detachment of U.S. Navy seamen defended trenches on the outskirts of the city while members of the U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla served Fort McHenry’s largest cannons . . . — Map (db m2588) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Star-Spangled Banner
By order of the President, the flag of the United States of America flies day and night here at the place where Francis Scott Key saw it when he wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Without words, the unfurled flag answers Key’s . . . — Map (db m2571) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Captain M.S. Bunbury
Commanded a company of sea fencibles in the upper outside battery of Fort McHenry during its bombardment September 13th and 14th, 1814. — Map (db m145563) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Captain William H. Addison
Commanded a company of sea fencibles in the upper outside battery of Fort McHenry during its bombardment September 13th and 14th, 1814. — Map (db m145561) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Charles Messenger
Gunner in Barney's Marine Artillery who was killed in action during the bombardment of Fort McHenry September 13th, 1814. — Map (db m145559) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Colonel George Armistead
Commandant of Fort McHenry during its bombardment September 13th and 14th, 1814. — Map (db m145556) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Colonel Joseph Sterett
Commanded the 5th MD. Regiment at the Battle of North Point, September 12, 1814. — Map (db m145549) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Colonel Samuel Lane
Commanded a battalion of infantry in the trenches of Fort McHenry during its bombardment September 13th and 14th, 1814. — Map (db m145560) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Colonel William Steuart58th Inf. U. S. A.
Commanded a Battalion of Infantry in the trenches of Fort McHenry during its bombardment September 13th and 14th, 1814. — Map (db m145557) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Edward Johnson
This tree dedicated to Edward Johnson, Mayor of Baltimore 1808 - 1816, who organized the resources of the people of Baltimore for the defense of their city. — Map (db m145574) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to General John Stricker
Commanded 3rd Maryland Brigade which checked the British Army advance in the Battle of North Point, September 12th, 1814, and prevented the junction of the British Army and Navy opposite Fort McHenry. — Map (db m145555) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Major General Samuel Smith
U.S. Senator from Maryland 1803 - 1815 and who commanded the citizen soldiers in the defense of Baltimore. — Map (db m145571) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Major J.J. Ulrich Rivaldi
Artillery Engineer, employed by the people of Baltimore in 1794 to draw up plans for the star bastion fort with upper and lower batteries. — Map (db m145553) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — This Tree Dedicated to Major Richard Heath
Commanded the Battalion of the 5th MD. Regiment that first engaged the British advance at the Battle of North Point where their general, Sir Robert Ross, was killed September 12th, 1814. — Map (db m145547) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — Welcome! You Are Now "On Post"
Fort McHenry, like military bases today, comprised many buildings. If you were here in 1814, you would be standing on the edge of the outer drill field. Behind it stood two buildings: a gun shed, where small field cannons were stored, and a stable . . . — Map (db m145539) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Fort McHenry — You Can Help Save Fort McHenry
While the British attack lasted 25 hours, nature's assault of rain, snow, freezing and thawing continues every day. Erosion represents a breach in the fort's defenses against the elements. Once the grass dies and the earth is exposed, it . . . — Map (db m145546) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Latrobe Park — This is Banner FieldHome of pride, inspiration & freedom
You are standing less than a mile away from Ft. McHenry, where the citizens of Baltimore valiantly defended our freedom back in 1814, inspiring Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner." To this day, that anthem is played before every . . . — Map (db m145532) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Locust Point — Colonel Benjamin Fowler
"This tree dedicated to Colonel Benjamin Fowler, who commanded the 39th Maryland Regiment at the Battle of North Point, September 12th, 1814." — Map (db m145568) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Locust Point — Fort McHenry National Monument & Historic Shrine
As a guardian of Baltimore’s harbor, Fort McHenry is the site of the sucessful defense of the city by American Forces during the British attack on September 13–14, 1814 which inspired Francis Scott Key to write “The Star-Spangled . . . — Map (db m2568) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Locust Point — In Everlasting Recognition of Ann Shirley Doda and Victor P. Doda, Sr.
Victor was the first president of the Locust Point Civic Association. Shirley initiated the Annual Locust Point Community Festival. Together they worked for 5 years to have the final section of I-95 changed, from the proposed bridge . . . — Map (db m145538) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Locust Point — The Fort McHenry Wetland
Manmade habitats like these can help us understand the past and our relationship with the environment. Wetlands once covered much of Baltimore's shoreline. Today, few of these aquatic habitats remain. As Baltimore grew into a thriving port and an . . . — Map (db m145570) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Locust Point — This Tree Dedicated to Commodore John RogersU.S.N.
An energetic Marylander, who fired the first shot of the War of 1812 and later organized the general artillery defense of Baltimore. — Map (db m145569) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Locust Point — This Tree Dedicated to Commodore Joshua Barney, U.S.N.
An able Baltimorean, who organized and commanded the Baltimore Gun Boat Flotilla for counter attack against the British fleet in the Chesapeake. — Map (db m145567) HM

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May. 25, 2020