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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Barstow, California Historical Markers

 
Amiel Weeks Whipple Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, October 16, 2011
Amiel Weeks Whipple Marker
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Amiel Weeks Whipple1817-1863
His Expedition for a transcontinental railroad, crossed the Colorado River on Feb. 27, 1854 and 3 weeks later reached Los Angeles, receiving aid from the Mojave Indians. The Atcheson, Topeka, & Santa Fe Railroad followed Whipple’s trail for much of . . . — Map (db m50577) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — 892 — Barstow Harvey House
Harvey Houses were legendary in the history of Western rail travel. Operated by Fred Harvey in conjunction with this Santa Fe Railway, the network of restaurant-hotels set a new standard in quality meal service. Barstow's Spanish-Moorish "Casa Del . . . — Map (db m50666) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Calico Mountain MinesMining the Mojave
April 6, 1881, S.C. Warden, Hues Thomas and John C. King located claims on Calico Mountain and named it the Silver King Mine. Below there, the town of Calico grew from 100 people in the spring of 1882 to over 1,200 at the peak of the rush. . . . — Map (db m108837) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Christiansen Memorial Plaza"You Are Not Forgotten"
. . . — Map (db m50539) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Father Garces1738-1781
In early 1776, he set out northward from Yuma Villages on the Colorado River on a journey that took him across the Mojave Desert to the Mission of San Gabriel. He was a master of finding guides who would escort him through their own lands. — Map (db m50562) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — General Beale Uses Camels
In 1857, under orders to survey a wagon road from New Mexico to California, General Edward Beale followed the 35th parallel to paths opened by Francis Aubry and Lt. A.W. Whipple. Beale’s orders required importation of camels and drivers to . . . — Map (db m50561) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — General Steven Watts Kearny1794-1848
He was “the Father of the US Calvary” and President Polk named him “Commander of the Army of the West”. In 1848 he went from Santa Fe, NM on to CA with 100 men on an arduous trip across our desert and on to a battle at San . . . — Map (db m50576) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Jedediah Smith1798-1831
In 1826 he led a party of 17 men through the territory of the Mojave Indians, then west across our Great desert. During the trek, the heat became so intense that it forced him and his men to bury themselves in the sand to keep cool. They were the . . . — Map (db m50571) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — John Charles Fremont1813-1890
Called “Pathfinder”, he was known as the west’s greatest adventurer, noted for bravery and his meticulously recorded notes on vegetation and geography. On his 3rd expedition across California in 1845 he, along with Kit Carson, led the . . . — Map (db m50572) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Kit Carson1809 - 1868
At 19, he was hired for an expedition to California. They traveled south of the Grand Canyon, crossed the Colorado, then followed the dry bed of the Mojave River and crossed the mountains at Cajon Pass to arrive at San Gabriel Mission in early 1830. . . . — Map (db m50573) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Knights of the RailsThe American Hobo
Around the time of the Civil War, railroads were being built at a frantic pace. By the early 1870s there were 60,000 miles of track in the U.S., increasing to 250,000 by the 1930s. The war had produced a generation of young men used to living under . . . — Map (db m114804) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Mojave Runners
The Mojave Indian Runners helped get messages and information to far flung villages. They could run up to 100 miles a day barefoot and only donned sandals on very rocky or spiney [sic] areas. A group of them met Capt. John Fremont in 1844 near where . . . — Map (db m50542) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — National Old Trails Hwy/Route 66
In the early 1920’s, an emigration to California started from the Midwest. Families packed up and headed West on National Old Trails Hwy., and proceeded right along Barstow’s Main street. The depression and dust storms of the 1930’s sent families to . . . — Map (db m50530) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — 141 — Slash X Ranch
The Slash X Ranch was started in 1942 by Lee and Mary Berry. Lee was known as the "Cattle Baron" of the Mojave Desert. At its peak the Slash X ran about 3000 head of cattle. Mary, his wife, did not want drinking and carousing in her house. So using . . . — Map (db m78519) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — 156 — Stoddard Wells Road
Previous to the building of Stoddard Wells Road, the primary route of travel between the Fish Ponds (present-day Daggett) and Little Meadows (present-day Victorville) was by way of the Mojave River and Lane's Crossing. Although it later became known . . . — Map (db m92810) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — The California Gold Rush
With the discovery of gold in California in 1848, it’s statehood in 1850, and the resulting emigration to the west, the interest of the government in exploring a rail link to the Pacific became serious in the early 1850’s. Not only would a Pacific . . . — Map (db m50558) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — The Harvey House
In the late 1800’s to 1930’s, rail travel was considered the choice of transportation, Fred Harvey had set up a string of dining rooms and boarding housed for Santa Fe passengers. In 1911, Mr. Harvey opened million dollar “Casa Del . . . — Map (db m50535) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — The Mormon Trail
The Southern Route of the Mormon Trail followed paths explored by Father Garces and Jedediah Smith. In 1848, Mormon Battalion Captain Jefferson Hunt trailed cattle to Utah on this trail. The Daniel Davis family, also of the Mormon Battalion, . . . — Map (db m50580) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — The Old Spanish Trail
[Text from the bottom panels, left to right] The first explorers kept detailed journals of their expeditions detailing the route taken and the friendly and hostile encounters with Indians along the way. Journals assisted those who followed . . . — Map (db m50615) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — Waterman Junction Becomes Barstow 1886William Barstow Strong
In 1885, the California Southern R.R. Co. connected with the Atlantic and Pacific R.R. line on the Mojave River creating Waterman Junction. Being named for Governor Waterman, owner of Waterman Mine and a mill nearby. A post office was . . . — Map (db m107132) HM

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