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Sturbridge, Massachusetts Historical Markers

 
New "Witness Tree" and Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., May 20, 2018
New "Witness Tree" and Marker
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — "Witness Tree"

On this site stood a 55" diameter sugar maple tree, its age calculated to have been growing and a "witness" of the town's incorporation on June 24, 1738 and subsequent history until removed in March of 2006. . . . — Map (db m118858) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — The Fire Pit

The fire pit was a familiar sight in the farmyard. When large kettles needed to be hung over a fire, the kitchen fireplace might not be big enough, but the outside fire pit was ideal. During spring, summer and fall, the fire pit provided . . . — Map (db m118916) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — 1771 Publick House Historic Inn & Country Lodge

Home of US Army First Service Command Tactical School 1942 - 1943 — Map (db m118873) HM WM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — 1st Lt. Joshua L. Booth USMC
“Freedom is not Free” This Bridge Dedicated to 1st Lt. Joshua L. Booth USMC Who was killed in Iraq on October 17th, 2006 Who as a child enjoyed fishing the Quinebaug River from this bridge Who is honored by a grateful . . . — Map (db m124618) WM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — An Open Landscape
By the early 1800s, family farms covered southern New England, and most of the land had been cleared of trees. For generations farmers had been cutting down trees, draining swamps, hauling rocks out of their fields, and building fences to . . . — Map (db m121538) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Brooks Pottery Kiln
This strange-shaped brick structure is a kiln for baking – or firing – the redwood pottery made in the shop across the road. The kiln functions much like an oven. The open center is where the potter stacks his pots, jars, jugs, and . . . — Map (db m121530) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Civil War Soldier's Monument

[Honor Roll] A. M. Bullard • J. B. Blodget • J. Brigham J. B. Cooper • J. A. Johnson • C. C McMaster I. G. Plimpton • R. Sharruck • C. M. Whittemore P. Gavin • W. J. Allen • C. H. Brown • W. Carter T. O'Hare • H. Smith • W. J. . . . — Map (db m118866) WM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Commerce on the Common

The Publick House, founded by civic leader Ebenezer Crafts in 1771, and the adjacent retail building are survivors of the time when the Common was the commercial center of Sturbridge. The inn served as a stage stop on the Worcester-Stafford . . . — Map (db m118864) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Controlling Livestock: The Town Pound
Livestock were everywhere in farming communities. Although the law required that they be fenced in, they often got loose. Stray animals were brought to town pounds like this large stone structure, where they were impounded and cared for until . . . — Map (db m121525) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Farming as a Way of Life
Farming was central to life in rural New England. Two out of three households were headed by farmers, and the seasonal rhythms of farm work shaped the calendar. Most families owned some land, but many rented other people’s land. From plowing . . . — Map (db m121514) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Fitch House Yard

The ornamental front yard became more common in Village households in the 1830s. This one includes a circular garden, decorative plantings, and a small area of grassy lawn.

The back part of the yard is for work and storage. It . . . — Map (db m118915) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Freeman Farm

This is the homelot of the Pliny Freeman Farm, with dwelling house, barn, and other outbuildings, kitchen garden, and farm fields. The Freeman family's house was moved here from its original location just a few miles away.

A typical . . . — Map (db m118938) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Getting Water

A well sweep is one of the simplest ways to raise water from a well.

A well sweep is like a big seesaw, with one end heavier than the other. A bucket is tied to the lighter end. When you lower the bucket into the well, the heavy end . . . — Map (db m119686) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Lt. Charles J. Collins USAAC — of Baraboo, WI — In Memory Of

who died from injuries parachuting from a P-47 which crashed in Sturbridge on Sept. 1, 1943. His body was recovered 4 miles south of this location

Dedicated Memorial Day May 29, 1995 — Map (db m118885) HM WM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Millstones

These millstones, made of New England granite, were used to grind grain into meal (a fine powder) for baking and cooking.

Millstones in a gristmill work in pairs, like scissor blades, with the grooved surfaces facing each . . . — Map (db m118890) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Millstones

These millstones, made of New England granite, were used to grind grain into meal (a fine powder) for baking and cooking.

Millstones in a gristmill work in pairs, like scissor blades, with the grooved surfaces facing each . . . — Map (db m118929) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Revere Bell

Erected 1833 in Sturbridge Federated Church Cracked by fire 1908 Recast 1909 through the generosity of Alvin B. Chamberlain Dedicated 1976 — Map (db m118869) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Sturbridge Honor Roll War Memorial

[Honor Rolls of Veterans]

War of Independence 1775 - 1783

World War II 1940 - 1946

Korean Conflict 1950 - 1955

Vietnam Conflict 1961 - 1975

Iraq - Afghanistan Conflict This temporary plaque is in honor of . . . — Map (db m118871) WM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Tantiusques — 1630 – 1930
The graphite or blacklead deposit near by was valued by the Indians for face paint, and by the white men for pencils and other uses. John Winthrop, Jr., was "granted the hill at Tantousq" in 1644, and began to exploit the mine in 1658. — Map (db m48043) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — The Architectural Style of the Salem Towne House

This house was built in 1796 in Charlton, Massachusetts for prosperous farmer and merchant Salem Towne and his family. Its architecture is a rural interpretation of the "Adam" or "Federal" style. Between the 1780s and the 1820s, the first . . . — Map (db m118914) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — The Center School

Built in 1852 on the site of the town's original Meeting House, the Center School helped Sturbridge consolidate its outlying one-room district schools. It continued as a site for elementary education until the 1950s, when the present Burgess . . . — Map (db m118883) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — The Graveyard
This re-created graveyard reminds us that death is an inevitable part of life. In early New England, most people were buried in graveyards near the meetinghouse, although some were put to rest in family or neighborhood plots. Some graves were . . . — Map (db m121519) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — The Old Burial Ground — 1740 - 1894

Stone wall built in 1794 by Revolutionary War Veterans ————————— Gates a 1920 gift of Mrs. Joseph Fiske, granddaughter-in-law of Josiah Fiske. Gates restored in 2001 by the . . . — Map (db m118865) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — The Smokehouse

Farm families usually butchered during the late fall when cool weather kept the meat fresh during processing. In an average butchering season, a farm family produced enough pork, beef, and mutton to last the year. Before refrigerators and . . . — Map (db m118934) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — The Sturbridge Common

Public land since the town's founding and first formally surveyed in 1762, the Common has served many purposes. Militia mustered here and marched to join the New England army outside Boston in April, 1775. Cattle pens once crowded the open . . . — Map (db m118863) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Today we see a different view.
Today the New England landscape is covered with forest. You can see this from any high point, or the window of an airplane. It is hard to imagine that the trees you see from this hill were not here 150 years ago. Then 50 to 80 percent of the . . . — Map (db m121544) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — War Memorial

To keep forever living the freedom for which they died we dedicate this symbol of our dead in World War II

Medal of Honor Plt. Sgt. Joseph R. Julian Killed in Action Cpl. Rosaire M. Julian M.O.M.M.1/c Lincoln G. Plimpton . . . — Map (db m118884) WM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Welcome to the Pasture Walk

Daily work often took people away from the farmyard to pastures and woodlots.

• In spring, summer, and fall farmers and their children drove animals to and from pasture.

• In warmer months farmers made and mended fences and . . . — Map (db m118935) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Sturbridge — Where is the Farm?

The Salem Towne House Built in 1796 in Charlton, Massachusetts Like most of their neighbors, the Towne family farmed. As you can see from their house, they were more prosperous than most. While a typical family farm in 1830s New England . . . — Map (db m118918) HM


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