“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Texas City, Texas Historical Markers

Anchor from Freighter Grand Camp and its marker image, Touch for more information
By Gregory Walker, April 11, 2010
Anchor from Freighter Grand Camp and its marker
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — Anchor from Freighter Grand CampTexas City Disaster
9:12 a. m., April 16, 1947, the French freighter Grand Camp exploded, setting off a disaster that killed 576, injured 5,000 and destroyed $67 million in property. This 10,640 pound anchor was found buried 1/2 mile from the scene of the explosion. — Map (db m36160) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 204 — Booker T. Washington School
Public education for African American students in Texas City began in 1915. The Texas City Independent School District hired Mrs. J. R. McKellar to teach the students; classes were held in churches and lodge halls until 1937, when the district . . . — Map (db m52654) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — F-100F North American Super Sabre
Military aviation evolved from those primitive beginnings Of military "flying machines" in service prior to the First World War and used for training in Texas City in 1913. The F-100F United States Air Force fighter represents the highly . . . — Map (db m50172) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — First Aero Squadron
First tactical air unit, U. S. Army; was stationed here 1913-1915 during U. S. border troubles caused by revolution in Mexico. The 7 planes, 5 officers, and 21 enlisted men were not in combat, but made aerial maps and achieved a long distance flight . . . — Map (db m36184) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 13227 — First Baptist Church of Texas City
On March 16, 1905, five Texas City residents met for worship and Bible study. The Rev. D.L. Griffith assisted them in founding Texas City's First Baptist Church. The Rev. W.C. Ponder served as pastor for the first decade, during which time services . . . — Map (db m52653) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — Old Bay Lake Ranch
Established by Guy M. Bryan (1821-1901), nephew of Stephen F. Austin, "Father of Texas." Bryan was one of couriers for Wm. B. Travis's Alamo letter. Served in State Legislature (where he was a Speaker of the House) and U. S. Congress. Aide to . . . — Map (db m50278) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — Propeller of the SS Highflyer
The SS Highflyer exploded in the Main Slip on 4-17-1947 after being set on fire by the SS Grandcamp which exploded in the North Slip on 4-16-1947. It is dedicated in memory of those who died and in honor of those who survived to make Texas City a . . . — Map (db m52768) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — S.S. Grandcamp Anchor
This anchor was blown from the S.S. Grandcamp when this ship blew up on April 16, 1947, while moored at Texas City Terminal docks. The anchor, which weighed approximately 3200 lbs. originally, was projected from the ship to a point on Pan American . . . — Map (db m50168) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 13958 — Settlement Community
During Reconstruction former slaves founded a community known as the Settlement on land platted by Judge William J. Jones for purchase by freedmen. Prior to this, a number of cattlemen moved to this area with their slaves. During the Civil War, . . . — Map (db m77496) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — Shoal Point and Half Moon Shoal Lighthouse
A number of families settled along Galveston Bay in the 1830s after land grants were awarded to veterans of the republic of Texas army and navy. An early community at this site became known officially as Shoal Point in 1878 when a U. S. Post Office . . . — Map (db m50276) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 9928 — Site of Austinia
Empresario Stephen F. Austin urged Mexico to improve foreign trade by establishing ports in the Galveston area as early as 1825. Historical references suggest Austinia was settled in the 1830s as part of Austin's foreign trade efforts in this area. . . . — Map (db m50277) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 11890 — Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City
In the 1870s native Tejanos organized Sociedades Mutualistas, mutual aid societies designed to protect their interests from the growing Anglo population of Texas. Although most of the early settlers of this area were of English, French, and . . . — Map (db m118079) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 11574 — Texas City
This community traces its origin to settlement by a few families along the bayshore in the mid-1800s. Completion in 1854 of the Half Moon Shoal Lighthouse, a Federal project near the present day Texas City Dike, hastened the formation of a village . . . — Map (db m52591) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — Texas City Dike
In early efforts to develop a major port here on Galveston Bay, Texas City capitalists, acting against the advice of engineers, dug a ship channel directly through and across the Bay's natural water line. As a result, currents carried silt into the . . . — Map (db m36180) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 11577 — Texas City Memorial Cemetery
On April 16 and 17, 1947, disastrous explosions aboard two ships docked at the Texas City port killed hundreds of people. In the weeks that followed, relief workers led by the American Red Cross and other volunteers labored to identify the victims. . . . — Map (db m50169) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — Texas City Terminal Railway Company
Minnesota investors and brothers Jacob R. and Henry H. Myers and Augustus B. Wolvin formed the Texas City Improvement Company in 1893 and developed a port facility and townsite here. By 1897 the company had built a rail spur line linking its port . . . — Map (db m52772) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 15269 — The First Texas City Refinery
The first oil refinery built in Texas City was established in 1908 by the Texas City Refining Company. Contractor J. C. Black and more than 100 craftsmen constructed the refinery. Processing equipment included eleven stills, storage tanks, and a . . . — Map (db m36158) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — The Texas City Disaster
On April 16, 1947, three ships--the "Grandcamp", the "High Flyer", and the "Wilson B. Keene"--were docked in the Texas City port. They were loaded with cargo, including ammonium nitrate fertilizer, bound for Europe to assist in the Post-World War II . . . — Map (db m52773) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — Wedell's Corner9th Street and 4th Ave. South — (On Early Trail into Texas City)
Site, childhood home of Jimmy (1900-1934) and Walter (1901-1935) Wedell - aviation pioneers. Jimmy designed, built, raced planes with financier Harry Williams Operated early airline at time of death in crash, held world's land plane speed record. . . . — Map (db m50279) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Texas City — 7499 — William Jefferson Jones(September 27, 1810 - May 5, 1897)
Virginia native William Jefferson Jones received his license to practice law at age 19. He was an associate of Mirabeau B. Lamar, future president of the Republic of Texas, in a Georgia newspaper enterprise. Urged by Lamar to move to Texas, Jones . . . — Map (db m50275) HM

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