“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


Texas Monument (front) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 27, 2012
1. Texas Monument (front)
Remembers the valor and devotion of
its soldiers who participated in the battle
of Gaines’ Mill, Virginia - June 27, 1862

Here, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee
continued his attacks against Union Maj.
Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of the
Potomac which was attempting to capture
Richmond. From June 25 - July 1, Lee and
McClellan fought a series of engagements
known as the Seven Days Battles, this being
the 3rd in that series. On June 27,
McClellan’s V Corps under Brig. Gen. Fitz
John Porter held a strong defensive
position behind Boatswain’s Creek on
Turkey Hill. Lee ordered an all-out
Assault, perhaps the largest he ever
Achieved. Hoping to send nearly 60,000
men across a two-mile front. For over five
hours, Porter’s men repulsed Lee’s
attacks. Near sundown, Lee sent forward
Brig Gen. W.H.C. Whiting’s Division,
composed of Brig. Gen. John Bell Hood’s
Texas Brigade and Col. Evander Law’s
Brigade. On this ground, Hood personally
led the 4th Texas and spearheaded the
attack. They were closely supported by
the 18th Georgia. Hood’s bayonet assault
broke the Union line driving Porter’s
men from their breastworks on the high
ground. The other regiments of Hood’s
Texas Monument (back) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 27, 2012
2. Texas Monument (back)
emerged from the woods, and Union
resistance collapsed. Porter’s Corps
retreated across the Chickahominy River,
giving Lee the first victory of his career as
a general. Unnerved by the defeat,
McClellan now focused on saving his army
as Lee continued his attacks through July 1.
The Texas units, together with the
Georgians and South Carolinians in the
brigade, had played decisive roles in
achieving McClellan’s defeat and saving
the Confederate capital from capture.

Erected by the State of Texas 2012
“The men who carried this position
were soldiers indeed!”

Maj. Gen. T.J. (Stonewall) Jackson
In tribute to the Texas Brigade
at Gaines’ Mill – June 27, 1862

Texas Brigade units engaged in
the Battle of Gaines’ Mill, Va.

Brig. Gen. John Bell Hood’s Brigade

1st Texas
Volunteer Infantry Regiment

4th Texas
Volunteer Infantry Regiment

5th Texas
Volunteer Infantry Regiment

18th Georgia
Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Hampton’s Legion, South Carolina
8 Infantry Companies

Texas units formed the major
portion of Hood’s Brigade, thus it
was commonly known as the Texas
Brigade, but the 18th Georgia,
Texas Monument on the Gaines' Mill Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 27, 2012
3. Texas Monument on the Gaines' Mill Battlefield
Legion, and later
the 3rd Arkansas were integral
parts of the brigade.

Texas remembers and honors her
sons and those of her sister states
who fought with them.
They sleep the sleep of the brave.

Erected 2012 by State of Texas.
Location. 37° 34.558′ N, 77° 17.741′ W. Marker is in Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from Watt House Road (Virginia Route 718) 0.4 miles south of Cold Harbor Road (Virginia Route 156). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6339 Watt House Road, Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Decisive Moment (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Confederate Grand Assault (about 800 feet away); Pickett’s Brigade, CSA (about 800 feet away); The Battle Begins (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Union Left Flank (approx. 0.2 miles away); Morell’s Division, USA (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hood's Attack (approx. 0.2 miles away); Whiting's Advance (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsville.
More about this marker. This marker was dedicated on May 19, 2012 as a joint project of the Richmond Battlefields Association,
This site preserved by members of Richmond Battlefields Association. image. Click for full size.
By Ben Brockenbrough, May 6, 2012
4. This site preserved by members of Richmond Battlefields Association.
Hood’s Texas Brigade Association Re-activated, and the
Texas Historical Commission.
Also see . . .
1. Richmond Battlefields Association. (Submitted on May 23, 2012.)
2. Hood’s Texas Brigade Association, Re-Activated. (Submitted on May 23, 2012.)
3. Texas Historical Commission. (Submitted on May 23, 2012.)
Additional comments.
1. Texas Civil War Monuments
This marker is one of 19 monuments placed by the State of Texas on battlefields across the nation, preserving the memories of the contributions made by the state’s military units during the Civil War.

In 1961 the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission and the Texas State Historical Survey Committee initiated this commemorative series of granite monuments by dedicating the first and largest of the original Centennial monuments at Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi. Over the next three years monuments were also placed in the towns of Pea Ridge, Arkansas and Anthony, Texas (for the Arizona-New Mexico campaign) and at the following battlefields: Chickamauga, Georgia; Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia; Mansfield, Louisiana; Antietam, Maryland; Bentonville, North Carolina; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Fort Donelson, Tennessee; Shiloh, Tennessee; and The Wilderness, Virginia.

Starting in 1998, the Texas Historical Commission continued the work begun in 1961 by the Centennial Commission and the Historical Survey Committee by placing granite monuments at other Civil War battlefields. As of 2017, monuments have been placed at the battlefields of Galveston, Texas (1998); Raymond, Mississippi (2002); Rowlett’s Station, Kentucky (2008); Richmond, Kentucky (2009); Corinth, Mississippi (2010); Gaines Mill, Virginia(2012); and Second Manassas, Virginia (2012).

The Texas Historical Commission plans to place a monument at the battlefield of Glorieta Pass, New Mexico.

(Source: Texas Historical Commission, 2015)

NOTE: The links above will take you the HMdb record for the Texas Monument of that battle or campaign.
    — Submitted July 17, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.

Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on July 25, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 22, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,160 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 22, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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