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Historical Markers in Eddy County, New Mexico

 
Clickable Map of Eddy County, New Mexico and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Eddy County, NM (34) Chaves County, NM (36) Lea County, NM (15) Otero County, NM (20) Culberson County, TX (20) Loving County, TX (6) Reeves County, TX (24)  EddyCounty(34) Eddy County (34)  ChavesCounty(36) Chaves County (36)  LeaCounty(15) Lea County (15)  OteroCounty(20) Otero County (20)  CulbersonCountyTexas(20) Culberson County (20)  LovingCounty(6) Loving County (6)  ReevesCounty(24) Reeves County (24)
Carlsbad is the county seat for Eddy County
Adjacent to Eddy County, New Mexico
      Chaves County (36)  
      Lea County (15)  
      Otero County (20)  
      Culberson County, Texas (20)  
      Loving County, Texas (6)  
      Reeves County, Texas (24)  
 
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1 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — 1781 — Abo Elementary School and Fallout Shelter
Built 1962. The only Cold-War era fallout shelter/school building in the United States. Site no. 1781 A Registered Cultural Property State of New MexicoMap (db m235316) HM
2 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — ArtesiaPopulation 10,385 – Elevation 3,350
Artesia, named for the area's many artesian wells, lies on the route of the Pecos Valley cattle trails used by Charles Goodnight, Oliver Loving, and John S. Chisum. The town, established in 1903, is located in what was once part of Chisum's vast . . . Map (db m61456) HM
3 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — 394 — ArtesiaPopulation 10,385 – Elevation 3,350
Artesia, named for the area's many artesian wells, lies on the route of the Pecos Valley cattle trails used by Charles Goodnight, Oliver Loving, and John S. Chisum. The town, established in 1903, is located in what was once part of Chisum's vast . . . Map (db m119811) HM
4 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Castaño de Sosa’s Route
In 1590-91 Gaspar Castaño de Sosa, a Portuguese by birth, took an expedition up the Pecos River in an attempt to establish a colony in New Mexico. His venture was a failure, but it led to a permanent settlement under Don Juan de Oñate in 1598. . . . Map (db m61454) HM
5 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — First Lady of Artesia
Dedicated to the Spirit of the Pioneer Woman Sculptor: Robert Summers Foundry: Eagle Bronze First Lady of Artesia is approximately 12 feet tall and 6 feet in diameter. The artist designed Sallie Chisum from several photographs . . . Map (db m73436) HM
6 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Independent Spirit
The men who drove cattle from Texas up along the Pecos River during the mid-1860s until the barbed-wire era of the early 1900s were tough, independent and courageous. Those who chose to settle down and ranch in the surrounding plains or rugged . . . Map (db m61443) HM
7 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — John R. Gray1930-2001
"He was born with compassion" is the way John R. Gray was described by his daughter, Terry Gray Chandler, and is remembered by those who knew him. His outward appearances portrayed him as a gruff cowboy, but he was known as a benefactor in his town, . . . Map (db m235349) HM
8 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Mack C. Chase
Mack Chase got his start in the oilfield in 1945 at the young age of 14. After graduating from Artesia High School, he went straight to the field full time on a pulling unit, then into two years of service in the United States Army in the early . . . Map (db m235351) HM
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9 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Martin Yates, Jr.1882-1949
“It is my boiled-down, concentrated, solidified and undiluted opinion that the oil development in this Valley so far is only a preliminary skirmish compared with the artillery that will soon follow.” – Martin Yates, Jr., 1924 The brochures . . . Map (db m235362) HM
10 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Mary Emmons Yates1888-1947
“They rode out over the country in a Model T Ford. When they came to what felt like the right spot she said, ‘Stop here,’ and that's where they drilled the well. She kept up pretty well with Dad's business. Dad had some failures and she didn't . . . Map (db m235363) HM
11 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Sallie Chisum Robert“First Lady of Artesia” — 1858-1936 —
Sallie was 19 when she arrived from Texas at her Uncle John Chisum’s Jinglebob Land and Livestock Company ranch south of Roswell. Her ranching skills rivaled those of the cowboys she joined driving cattle up her uncle’s Goodnight-Loving Trail to . . . Map (db m235270) HM
12 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Seven Rivers Cemetery
Seven Rivers was located south of Artesia near the confluence of seven branches of a stream that flowed into the Pecos River. Settled in the mid-1860s, the town flourished as a trading post and refuge for participants in the Lincoln County War. The . . . Map (db m61457) HM
13 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Acord-Wheatley House
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1908Map (db m235339) HM
14 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Atkeson-Conner House
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1904Map (db m235312) HM
15 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Baskin Building
[Top] has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1905 [Bottom] Baskin Building Built 1905. Example of early Artesia commercial building of . . . Map (db m235364) HM
16 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Baskin House
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1904Map (db m235323) HM
17 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Derrick Floor
Dedicated to the men and women who take the risks and do the work to find, produce and refine New Mexico oil and gas. This monument of a 1950s drilling rig is unveiled in celebration of the 80th anniversary of the Illinois #3, the first commercial . . . Map (db m61445) HM
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18 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Gesler House
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States
Department of the Interior 1907Map (db m235315) HM
19 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Illinois #3
The Illinois State #3 was the first commercial oil well drilled in Southeast New Mexico and the first on state-owned lands in New Mexico. The oil sand, or "pay," was drilled into on April 9, 1924. At some time in late April or May, the well . . . Map (db m235360) HM
20 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Lukins House
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1906Map (db m235322) HM
21 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Mauldin-Hall House
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1909Map (db m235313) HM
22 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Partnership
After meeting up in the Artesia-area oil patch on a number of occasions, Mack Chase and Johnny Gray decided to go into business together. In 1972, they formed Marbob Energy Corporation, named after their wives, Marilyn Chase and Bobbie Gray. The oil . . . Map (db m235352) HM
23 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — The Sallie Chisum Robert House
[Top] has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1908 [Bottom] Sallie Chisum Robert House Built of cast-stone, this house was erected in . . . Map (db m235341) HM
24 New Mexico, Eddy County, Artesia — Van Stratton Welch1880-1969
Van was a worker's worker and this sculpture is dedicated to all the oilfield workers who make this industry great. Van Stratton Welch was born in 1880 in a log cabin in Allegheny County, New York, the son of a Civil War veteran and oil barge . . . Map (db m235359) HM
25 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Carlsbad Caverns National Park
These vast and magnificent caverns contain over 21 miles of explored corridors. The chambers contain countless stalactites and stalagmites unrivaled in size and beauty. The caverns are within a reef that formed in an ancient sea 240 million years . . . Map (db m61473) HM
26 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Carlsbad Caverns National ParkCCC Rattlesnake Springs Campsite
The Civilian Conservation Corps provided employment for more than 50,000 young men in New Mexico during the great depression of the 1930's. At the National Park Service CCC Camp, they developed nearby Rattle Snake Springs into a permanent water . . . Map (db m61474) HM
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27 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Carlsbad Irrigation Flume
The massive concrete flume in the distance carries water from the Pecos River to irrigate much of the farmland in this area. It is a vital link in an extensive irrigation system which made possible development of the region's agricultural . . . Map (db m61458) HM
28 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Civilian Conservation Corps Carlsbad Campsite
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) provided employment for more than 50,000 young men in New Mexico during the Great Depression as part of President Roosevelt's New Deal Program. Three CCC companies were located where the Carlsbad Hospital now . . . Map (db m61461) HM
29 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Goodnight-Loving Trail
After leaving Fort Sumner, the Goodnight-Loving Trail forked in two directions. This branch, developed by Oliver Loving in 1866, followed the Pecos River to Las Vegas, and the Santa Fe Trail to Raton Pass. The great Texas cattle drives followed this . . . Map (db m61469) HM
30 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Guadalupe Escarpment Scenic Area
Fellow Travelers, imagine the land and mountains before you covered by a deep inland sea. Then imagine a large reef forming over 255 million years ago. As the inland sea vanished minerals such as calcite and aragonite bonded together the sea life . . . Map (db m61488) HM
31 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Guadalupe Mountains
Guadalupe Mountains to southwest rise from Pecos River Valley, with higher southern peaks at 8,750 feet. Bold escarpment is of famous Capitan limestone, an ancient reef similar to Great Barrier Reef of Australia, and host to Carlsbad Caverns as well . . . Map (db m61487) HM
32 New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad — Stephen Tyng Mather — July 4, 1887 - Jan. 22, 1930 —
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done.Map (db m5979) HM
33 New Mexico, Eddy County, Loving — Espejo's Trail
Don Antonio de Espejo, leader of the third expedition to explore New Mexico, passed near here on his return to Mexico City in 1583. After learning of the martyrdom of two Franciscan friars from an earlier expedition, he explored the Pueblo country . . . Map (db m61472) HM
34 New Mexico, Eddy County, Loving — Loving's Bend
In July 1867 Oliver Loving, a partner in the Goodnight-Loving cattle concern, was attacked by Comanches while driving cattle to Fort Sumner. Wounded, Loving held off the attack for two days and nights. With the help of Mexican traders, he made it to . . . Map (db m61471) HM
 
 
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Apr. 12, 2024