“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Kentucky Historical Markers

A Night in Cane Valley Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tom Bosse, October 13, 2016
A Night in Cane Valley Marker
1 Kentucky, Adair County, Columbia — A Night in Cane ValleyThe Great Raid — July 3, 1863 —
After engaging Union forces in Columbia the afternoon of July 3, Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s command continued north on the Columbia-Lebanon Pike. Just beyond the town, they passed Union Camp Gilbert, formerly named Camp Boyle, now abandoned - the site . . . Map (db m170574) HM
2 Kentucky, Adair County, Columbia — Frank Lane Wolford
Frank Lane Wolford (1817 - 1895). Adair County native, organized 1st Kentucky Cavalry (US) in 1861. His men knew little about the drill and discipline but had the utmost confidence in Wolford and he in them. The soldiers supplied their own horses . . . Map (db m170508) HM
3 Kentucky, Adair County, Columbia — The Door Was Left Open!Great Raid — July 3, 1863 —
John Hunt Morgan entered Kentucky July 2 with about 2,500 men who swam the rain swollen Cumberland River - many naked, not to be encumbered with soggy clothes. The rebel yell of the on-coming nude men took the Union scouts by surprise. Columbia . . . Map (db m170510) HM
4 Kentucky, Allen County, Scottsville — Morgan in ScottsvilleConfederate Invasion of Kentucky — August, 1862 —
On August 29, 1862 at the beginning of the Confederate Invasion of Kentucky. Colonel John Hunt Morgan rode into Scottsville, leading a brigade of 1,100 cavalrymen. Morgan and his men were on their way to Lexington, where they planned to join . . . Map (db m131263) HM
5 Kentucky, Allen County, Scottsville — 01 — Preparing for Morgan's CavalryConfederate Invasion of Kentucky — October, 1862 —
In early October Morgan’s cavalry swept through the Trammel Community in search food and supplies. Some, such as John Howard Morgan and his mother, Isabella, who were relatives of John Hunt Morgan and were sympathetic to the southern cause, . . . Map (db m170512) HM
6 Kentucky, Barren County, Cave City — 4a — Morgan's Cave City Raid
On May 11, 1862 Col. John Hunt Morgan and his advance guard seized the Cave City depot and captured the next train that stopped. Morgan's entire command arrived shortly thereafter. Morgan's troops proceeded to destroy the train; four passenger . . . Map (db m322) HM
7 Kentucky, Barren County, Glasgow — Attack on Fort Williams
October 6, 1863 On October 6, 1863 Confederate Col. John M. Hughes, commanding 129 men of the 25th Tennessee Infantry, attacked Fort Wiliams. The 37th Kentucky Mounted Infantry, some 420 men under the command of Maj. Samuel Martin, . . . Map (db m130010) HM
8 Kentucky, Barren County, Glasgow — Defending Glasgow
Fort Williams Fort Williams was ordered constructed in Glasgow in the spring of 1863. It was during the spring and summer of 1863 that the Union army began to build defensive works at strategic points in Kentucky to defend . . . Map (db m88139) HM
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9 Kentucky, Barren County, Glasgow — General Joseph H. Lewis
General Joseph H. Lewis, commander of the famous Orphan Brigade, is buried just down the hill from Fort Williams. The Orphan Brigade was composed of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 9th Kentucky Infantry regiments along with two batteries of . . . Map (db m72389) HM
10 Kentucky, Barren County, Glasgow — Morgan in GlasgowChristmas Raid — December 24, 1862 —
As Morgan’s command was marching out of Alexandria, Tennessee en route to Muldraugh Hill, a battalion of the 2nd Michigan Cavalry was ordered from Gallatin, Tennessee to Munfordville. The two forces met at Glasgow, Kentucky on Christmas Eve, 1862. . . . Map (db m88035) HM
11 Kentucky, Boone County, Union — 2394 — John Hunt Morgan Escape Route
On Nov. 28, 1863, after escaping from Ohio Penitentiary & taking a train to Cincinnati, CSA Gen. John Hunt Morgan & Capt. Thomas Hines crossed the Ohio River to Ludlow. Sympathetic Boone County residents, as well as Big Bone Baptist . . . Map (db m136082) HM
12 Kentucky, Bullitt County, Bardstown Junction — 34 — Action at Bardstown JunctionGreat Raid — July 6, 1863 —
John Hunt Morgan's command of some 2,500 men left Bardstown and moved west. The raid, to this point, simply had not gone as planned. Morgan had fought two pitched battles at Green River Bridge and at Lebanon and had been held up for hours by Union . . . Map (db m122941) HM
13 Kentucky, Bullitt County, Belmont — 33 — Stockade at BelmontGreat Raid — July 6, 1863 —
By early December 1862 stockades had been constructed along the L&N at Shepherdsville, Bardstown Junction, Belmont and Cain Run, just north of Lebanon Junction. These wooden fortifications were designed to protect against an attack by cavalry or . . . Map (db m122943) HM
14 Kentucky, Bullitt County, Lebanon Junction — 14 — Lebanon JunctionChristmas Raid — December 29-30, 1862 —
The American Civil War was the first conflict to utilize railroads for the movement of troops and supplies. Consequently, protecting the railroads was an important aspect of military strategy on both sides. In Kentucky this task fell to the Union . . . Map (db m122944) HM
15 Kentucky, Bullitt County, Sheperdsville — 35 — Fort DeWolf Reported unreadable
The Union army began protecting the L&N Railroad from the beginning of the war. Once Nashville was taken the railroad became a vital supply line for Federal troops in Tennessee. It was equally important for the Confederacy to disrupt that line of . . . Map (db m171603) HM
16 Kentucky, Cumberland County, Burkesville — Burkesville FerryGreat Raid — July 1-2, 1863 —
John Hunt Morgan’s Great Raid into Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio began in Cumberland County, Kentucky. The raid lasted 25 days and covered a thousand miles, making it the longest Confederate raid of the Civil War. Morgan commanded 2,460 cavalrymen . . . Map (db m98884) HM
17 Kentucky, Cumberland County, Burkesville — Confederate Crossings at Neeley's FerryThe Great Raid — July 1-2, 1863 —
During late June 1863 Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan's scouts and portions of his nine regiments moved into Cumberland County preparing for the Great Raid in Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. The 1st Brigade, numbering 1,450 cavalrymen under Col. . . . Map (db m98882) HM
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18 Kentucky, Cumberland County, Burkesville — Skirmish at Norris BranchThe Great Raid — July 2, 1863 —
After the initial wave of Morgan's 1st Brigade crossed the Cumberland River, he sent about twenty men to reconnoiter west of Burkesville. The objective was to deflect the attention of the 3,000 Union soldiers camped at Marrowbone, seven miles west, . . . Map (db m98894) HM
19 Kentucky, Cumberland County, Marrowbone — Civil War Camp at Marrowbone
Both Union and Confederate troops used Marrowbone as a camp several times during the Civil War. In mid-February 1863, Federal 1st Kentucky Cavalrymen under Col. Frank Wolford encamped at Marrowbone. During the spring of 1863, detachments of at least . . . Map (db m98895) HM
20 Kentucky, Green County, Greensburg — General Edward Henry Hobson
Edward Henry Hobson was born in Greensburg, Kentucky, on July 11, 1825. He was educated in the common schools of Greensburg and Danville, Kentucky. He worked for his father who was a successful merchant in Greensburg. In 1846 Hobson enlisted for . . . Map (db m96862) HM
21 Kentucky, Green County, Greensburg — General Edward Henry Hobson
Edward Henry Hobson was born in Greensburg, Kentucky, on July 11, 1825. He was educated in the common schools of Greensburg and Danville, Kentucky. He worked for his father who was a successful merchant in Greensburg. In 1846 Hobson enlisted for . . . Map (db m96925) HM
22 Kentucky, Green County, Greensburg — Home of Gen. Edward H. Hobson
Home of Union Gen. Edward Henry Hobson, the captor of Gen. John Hunt Morgan at Buffington Island, Ohio The Federal style house was originally built for Hobson’s father, Capt. William Hobson, in 1823. The house is a brick . . . Map (db m96863) HM
23 Kentucky, Green County, Greensburg — Home of Gen. Edward H. Hobson
Home of Union Gen. Edward Henry Hobson, the captor of Gen. John Hunt Morgan at Buffington Island, Ohio The Federal style house was originally built for Hobson’s father, Capt. William Hobson, in 1823. The house is a brick . . . Map (db m96928) HM
24 Kentucky, Hardin County, Elizabethtown — "Make a Street Fight Out of It"Christmas Raid, December 27, 1862
In December 1862, Gen. John Hunt Morgan was sent by the Confederate command to shut down the L&N Railroad, thereby cutting off one of the Union's major supply lines. Morgan's target was one of the railroad's most vulnerable points, the trestles at . . . Map (db m25156) HM
25 Kentucky, Hardin County, Elizabethtown — The CannonballChristmas Raid, December 27, 1862
Gen. John Hunt Morgan's Raiders arrived in Elizabethtown on December 27, 1862, appearing on the brow of the hill that is now the City Cemetery. The main objective of the Christmas Raid was to burn two huge Louisville and Nashville Railroad trestles . . . Map (db m25159) HM
26 Kentucky, Hardin County, West Point — 36 — The Great Raid and West PointThe Great Raid — July 6, 1863 —
Morgan, approaching the Ohio River, sent Captains Samuel Taylor and Henry Clay Meriweather and 130 men ahead to Brandenburg to secure boats for the crossing. It is unclear when Morgan’s men entered the town of West Point. A Louisville newspaper . . . Map (db m122048) HM
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27 Kentucky, Hart County, Bonnieville — Bacon Creek Trestle
The unlucky L&N Railroad trestle over Bacon Creek received harsh treatment at the hands of Confederate raider John Hunt Morgan not once, but twice during the Civil War. The first destruction, in August 1861, was the first of many attacks Morgan . . . Map (db m39938) HM
28 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The RaiderMorgan and his Raiders — Woodsonville, 1861 —
The arrival of Federal troops into Lexington, Kentucky in fall 1861 prompted Lexington native John Hunt Morgan to assemble a band of 17 armed men on horseback to support the Southern cause. The "Lexington Rifle" then rode into south central Kentucky . . . Map (db m40038) HM
29 Kentucky, Henry County, Eminence — 798 — Old Pollard Inn
Built c. 1790. Later a stage coach inn. James G. Blaine when teacher at Western Military Institute, Drennon Springs, 1850-51, frequent guest. He was later Congressman, Senator, U. S. Secretary of State, candidate for President in 1884. Gen. . . . Map (db m175127) HM
30 Kentucky, Marion County, Lebanon — Death of Tom MorganThe Great Raid — July 5, 1863 —
During the battle of Lebanon Tom Morgan, 19-year-old brother of Gen. John Hunt Morgan, was killed near this house, "Sunnyside," the home of Presbyterian minister T.H .Cleland. During the fighting John Hunt continuously sent the younger Morgan to the . . . Map (db m99385) HM
31 Kentucky, Marion County, Lebanon — Morgan's HeadquartersFirst Kentucky Raid — July 11, 1862 —
In July 1862, during his first raid into Kentucky, John Hunt Morgan fought two skirmishes in Marion County. The first took place at the covered bridge just south of New Market. The Union Home Guard, anticipating Morgan's arrival, took the planking . . . Map (db m99426) HM
32 Kentucky, Marion County, Lebanon — The Battle of LebanonThe Great Raid — July 5, 1863 —
Morgan’s third Kentucky raid had not gone well from the beginning. The Battle at Tebbs Bend on July 4 cost him 35 men killed and about 40 wounded. From Tebbs Bend, Morgan pushed north, arriving in Lebanon about 7 o’clock on the morning of July 5, . . . Map (db m168320) HM
33 Kentucky, Marion County, Lebanon — Union Commissary BuildingThe Great Raid — July 5, 1863 —
Providing food for soldiers was the business of the Commissary of Subsistence, an army department. The Union Army used this building, then owned by Christopher Beeler, as a commissary during the Civil War. All or part of the foodstuffs for the . . . Map (db m168314) HM
34 Kentucky, Meade County, Brandenburg — 37 — A Rest at Otter CreekGreat Raid — July 7, 1863 —
After finally subduing the 25 Federal solders in Bardstown Morgan pushed west towards the Ohio River. The long march from Bardstown in the stifling July heat was exhausting. Even though the main body of Union soldiers, infantry under Gen. Edward H. . . . Map (db m123343) HM
35 Kentucky, Meade County, Brandenburg — 38a — Capture of the Alice DeanGreat Raid — July 7, 1863 —
After pushing through Bardstown, Kentucky the lead elements of Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s command arrived in Brandenburg. Captains H. Clay Merriwether and Samuel Taylor and their men encamped on farms in and around Brandenburg. They were soon joined by . . . Map (db m123341) HM
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36 Kentucky, Monroe County, Tompkinsville — Battle of TompkinsvilleFirst Kentucky Raid — July 9, 1862 —
At this site Confederate Colonel John Hunt Morgan began his famous "First Kentucky Raid." His objective was the destruction of the Union force in and around Tompkinsville. Riding through the night, Morgan and his raiders left Celina, Tennessee . . . Map (db m39577) HM
37 Kentucky, Monroe County, Tompkinsville — McMillian's LandingFirst Kentucky Raid July 2-9, 1862
McMillian's Landing was a crossing point for both Union and Confederate troops making their way between Kentucky and Tennessee. Both forces viewed Monroe County and Tompkinsville as a key position for entry to central Kentucky and points northward. . . . Map (db m100955) HM
38 Kentucky, Nelson County, Bardstown — 16b — “A Pretty Close Call”Christmas Raid — December 29, 1862 —
General John Hunt Morgan, his second in command Col. Basil Duke, and other senior officers were adjourning a meeting at the Hamilton Hall House near Lebanon Junction when their command of 4,000 was surprised by an attack made by 3,000 Union troops . . . Map (db m121972) HM
39 Kentucky, Nelson County, Bardstown — Twenty-Five Damned YankeesThe Great Raid — July 5-6, 1863 —
Capt. Ralph Sheldon, leading several hundred Confederates of Company C, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry, descended on Bardstown on Sunday morning, July 5, 1863. They drove the handful of Union troops occupying Bardstown into a livery stable two blocks . . . Map (db m74291) HM
40 Kentucky, Nelson County, New Haven — 17a — Fight at New HavenChristmas Raid — December 30, 1862 — Reported unreadable
In the early morning hours of December 30, 1862, three companies of Gen. John H. Morgan’s 9th Kentucky Cavalry, supported by a single 12-pounder mountain howitzer, demanded the surrender of the Federal garrison at New Haven, Kentucky. The . . . Map (db m236706) HM
41 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — "No Day to Surrender"Saturday Morning, July 4, 1863
The main Federal defensive position was located 125 yards to your left. Col. Orlando H. Moore, with inexperienced 25th Michigan troops and outnumbered three or more to one, chose to defend this narrow neck of land. Steep bluffs directly above Green . . . Map (db m129443) HM
42 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — "Nobly Did They Die"
Confederate Casualties, Battle of Tebbs Bend - Green River Bridge Compiled by Betty Gorin-Smith Confederate forces commanded by Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan First Brigade Colonel Basil W. Duke, commanding 5th Kentucky . . . Map (db m133955) HM
43 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Camp Site25th Michigan Infantry, USA
An experienced Indian fighter in the West, Moore ordered his men to build a fort across the road on the southern approach. Rebel scouts could hear the sound of axes and falling trees on the night of July 3. "I did not move my command from where it . . . Map (db m133898) HM
44 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Confederate Artillery PositionMorning, July 4, 1863
Major Edward P. Byrne Commander of the Confederate Artillery A native Kentuckian, Byrne was living in Greenville, Washington County, Mississippi, when the war broke out. His first battery of six brass field pieces, their carriages, and . . . Map (db m133838) HM
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45 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Confederate HospitalAtkinson-Griffin House
Built circa 1840, this double-pen log house originally stood on the Campbellsville - Columbia Turnpike. The occupants of the house witnessed thousands of soldiers and hundreds of wagons of supplies from both northern and southern armies move up and . . . Map (db m129471) HM
46 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Federal Field HospitalJuly 4, 1863
Federal Field Hospital at the Battle of Tebbs Bend Chief Surgeon Boliver Barnum and Assistant Surgeon John N. Gregg worked in this field hospital after the battle. Amputation was often the method of treating arm and leg wounds. If . . . Map (db m99074) HM
47 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Federal HospitalSublett Inn and Stagecoach Stop
Sublett Inn and Stagecoach Stop Stage lines, carrying mail and passengers, were used throughout south central Kentucky to connect to the railroads. Inns along the route were sometimes better known that the villages and towns through which . . . Map (db m133899) HM
48 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Federal Stockade1862 - 1865 — Federal Stockade Burned January 1, 1863 — Morgan's Christmas Raid —
Federal Stockade Undefended—January 1, 1863 About 3,900 Confederates under John Hunt Morgan had been on an extensive raid into Kentucky in December and were returning to Tennessee after their highly successful Christmas Raid. They . . . Map (db m133939) HM
49 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Green River Bridge / Green River Bridge Skirmish SiteJanuary 1, 1863—Morgan's Christmas Raid / July 4, 1863—Morgan's Great Raid
Green River Bridge January 1, 1863—Morgan's Christmas Raid The first wooden bridge over Green River was burned by Confederate forces under Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan on Morgan's Christmas Raid. The order to burn the bridge was . . . Map (db m133914) HM
50 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Morgan Held Prisoner In Pleasant Hill Church
September 1861 Morgan caught smuggling Confederate uniforms After Confederate forces occupied Columbus, a city in far western Kentucky, President Lincoln proclaimed that commercial trade with the Confederacy be stopped. . . . Map (db m99322) HM
51 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Morgan's Demand for SurrenderMoore's Refusal — July 4, 1863 —
7:00 AM Situation: Union Colonel Moore's forward rifle-pit was in the ravine to your left. The Confederate forces were on your right preparing to attack. Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan penned a note and gave it to Lt. Col. Robert A. . . . Map (db m133957) HM
52 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Morgan's Revenge
January 31, 1862 Morgan captures Federal telegraphers Morgan did not forget his imprisonment in Pleasant Hill Church. Now a captain in the Confederate Cavalry, John Hunt Morgan, with nine men and a guide, made his way from Bowling Green . . . Map (db m99324) HM
53 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Raid on the Hiestand-Chandler House
Great Raid July 4, 1863 Araminta Hiestand Chandler and her husband, Joseph Harrison Chandler, were living in this house, located a mile from Campbellsville on the Old Greensburg Road, during the Civil War. Joseph H. Chandler was . . . Map (db m99301) HM
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54 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Rebel Guerrillas on Main Street
November 21, 1864 In the fall of 1864, Col. James W. Weatherford’s 13th Kentucky Cavalry force, USA, which guarded Campbellsville’s citizens from rebel activity, was reduced from 60 to 20 men. Just before a heavy November snowfall, . . . Map (db m99300) HM
55 Kentucky, Taylor County, Campbellsville — Rebel New Year's Eve Party
Christmas Raid December 31, 1862 Robert Colvin's Warehouse Postmaster Robert Colvin owned the tobacco warehouse, which also housed the post office, that once stood here. During the Civil War, the U.S. Government leased the . . . Map (db m99293) HM
56 Kentucky, Warren County, Bowling Green — 3b — A Family Divided
Riverview The Confederate army occupied Bowling Green in mid-September 1861. The commander of the Confederate forces in Bowling Green was General Simon Bolivar Buckner who, before the war, had been a good friend of Edward Henry Hobson. . . . Map (db m143063) HM
57 Kentucky, Warren County, Bowling Green — Morgan's Command Organized
Fall 1861 On September 20, 1861 John Hunt Morgan left Lexington, Kentucky with two wagons full of arms he had taken from the Lexington Armory. Eight days later he and his men, the Lexington Rifles arrived in Bowling Green and began his service . . . Map (db m39671) HM
58 Kentucky, Washington County, Mackville — 31 — Morgan in MackvilleFirst Kentucky Raid — July 13, 1862 — Reported unreadable
John Hunt Morgan and his men arrived in Mackville on Saturday evening, July 12, 1862, following raids on Lebanon and Springfield. Shortly after their arrival a skirmish ensued between Morgan’s men and the Home Guard. The Home Guard took two . . . Map (db m152653) HM
59 Kentucky, Washington County, Springfield — Busy Day In SpringfieldGreat Raid — July 5, 1863 —
On the morning of July 5, 1863, Springfield awoke to the roar of cannon fire coming from Lebanon. That afternoon John Hunt Morgan’s column reached Springfield with over 300 Federal prisoners in tow. Young Will McChord, then eleven, described . . . Map (db m99436) HM
60 Kentucky, Washington County, Springfield — Morgan in SpringfieldChristmas Raid — December 30, 1862 —
On Tuesday morning, December 30, thirty-nine hundred Confederate cavalrymen led by John Hunt Morgan left Bardstown, making every effort to beat the Union forces to the Cumberland River crossing at Burkesville. Their progress was hampered by a cold . . . Map (db m99437) HM
61 Kentucky, Washington County, Springfield — Washington CountyMorgan's First Raid — July 12-13, 1862 —
Word of Morgan's raid on Lebanon on July 12 quickly reached Springfield, a tiny village of 500 residents. After hearing news of the raid, F.L. Davison, prominent local planter and businessman, sent Springfield resident John Meeks to the neighboring . . . Map (db m99458) HM
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Dec. 8, 2023