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U Street Corridor, District of Columbia Historical Markers

 
"All Men Are Brothers" Mural image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, December 29, 2017
"All Men Are Brothers" Mural
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "All Men Are Brothers"
Near U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Paul travelled the world using his art as his weapon to fight against oppression and for self determination for all people. His home turf and land of his birth was not off limits as he marched with others to advance the cause of civil rights and . . . — Map (db m112000) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Deep River"
Near U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Paul Robeson's passport was restored in 1958. It is fitting that the former Soviet Union named a mountain in honor of this colossus of a man. His birthday has been honored in China and India with national days of celebration. Workers around . . . — Map (db m112002) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Joshua Fit De Battle Of Jericho"
Near U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Paul Robeson Jr. (November 2, 1927 - April 26, 2014) was Paul and Essies only child. He was born in Brooklyn, NY and as a young boy lived with his grandmother in Moscow where his parents sought to protect him from American racism. He . . . — Map (db m111998) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "No More Auction Block For Me"
Near U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Robeson met his future wife Eslanda Cordoza Goode while at Columbia University (1919-1923) where he received a law degree. His interest in law took a decisive turn when a secretary refused to take dictation from him because of his race. He . . . — Map (db m111994) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Old Man River"
Near U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Paul Robeson is cast as the stevedore Joe in the musical Showboat, music by Jerome Kern and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. Robeson sings the show's most memorable song "Old Man River" which he would later change the lyrics to become a . . . — Map (db m111995) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Othello"
Near U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
"Soft you. A word or two before you go. I have done the state some service, and they know 't. No more of that I pray you, in your letters, When you shall these unlucky deeds relate, Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate, Nor set down . . . — Map (db m111999) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Scandalize My Name"
Near U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Paris Peace Conference April 20, 1949: "It is unthinkable that the Negro people of America or elsewhere in the world could be drawn into war with the Soviet Union" Paul Robeson. Before Robeson even spoke in Paris a distorted version of . . . — Map (db m112001) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Sometimes I Feel Like A Motherless Child"
On U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Paul Leroy Robeson (April 9, 1898 - January 23, 1976) was the son of William Drew Robeson a runaway slave and Maria Louisa Bustill, daughter of a prominent Philadelphia Quaker family. Maria died tragically in a fire when Paul was six years old. . . . — Map (db m112942) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Stand By Me"
On U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest.
Eslanda Cardozo Goode Robeson, wife of Paul Robeson was the grand daughter of Francis Cardozo the first African American to hold a Statewide office in the United States. The Cardozo Education Campus located at 13th and Clifton St. NW . . . — Map (db m111997) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Wade in the Water"
On U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Paul Robeson approached the role as Brutus in the Emperor Jones as one of the greatest challenges of his early acting career. The forceful drama compelled him to look deeper into his own interpretation of dramatic roles and their contribution . . . — Map (db m111996) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 3 — "We had everything we needed right here." — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On U Street Northwest at 11th Street Northwest, on the right on U Street Northwest.
Black businesses sprung up everywhere on U Street in the early 1900s. As racial segregation increased, African Americans in Washington began a tradition of protest. They also responded by creating institutions of there own. In the 25 years from . . . — Map (db m130797) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — A Place to Grow — Anthony Bowen YMCA — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On 14th Street Northwest at W Street Northwest on 14th Street Northwest.
You are standing at the fourth home of the Anthony Bowen YMCA, named for the formerly enslaved minister who founded the nation's first independent "colored" YMCA. As the YMCA opened in Washington in 1853, slavery was legal. Yet the majority of . . . — Map (db m112004) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 12 — A Prestige Address — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On 16th Street Northwest at New Hampshire Avenue Northwest, on the right when traveling north on 16th Street Northwest.
The grand Beaux-Arts buildings near this corner stand witness to the status of this area in early 20th century Washington, and as tribute to the indomitable spirit of Mary Foote Henderson. The wealthy wife of Senator John B. Henderson, she lived . . . — Map (db m130803) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 11 — A Shared Neighborhood — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On U Street Northwest at 15th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west on U Street Northwest.
Although Washington, D.C., has been a racially segregated city for much of its history, black and white Washingtonians have shared parts of this neighborhood.

The modern building across 15th Street sits on the site of Portner Flats, . . . — Map (db m130802) HM

District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — African American Civil War Memorial — "Spirit of Freedom" — Civil War to Civil Rights and Beyond
On U Street Northwest at Vermont Avenue Northwest, on the right when traveling south on U Street Northwest.
This memorial is dedicated to those who served in the African American units of the Union Army in the Civil War. The 209,145 names inscribed on these walls commemorate those fighters of freedom. [Names of the officers and enlisted men who . . . — Map (db m41748) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — African American Civil War Memorial — African American Civil War Museum Freedom Foundation
On U Street Northwest east of 11th Street Northwest, on the left when traveling east.
The African American Civil War Memorial pays tribute to the 209,145 black soldiers and the 7,800 white officers who led them in their fight for freedom in the Civil War. following the Civil War, many soldiers would return home as war heroes to start . . . — Map (db m113686) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Artillery / With Freedom Came Their Cultural Icons
Near Vermont Avenue Northwest south of U Street Northwest, on the right when traveling north.
(front) Artillery There were thirteen artillery regiments and one independent battery in the Bureau of the United States Colored Troops Unknown Soldier Image courtesy of the Library of . . . — Map (db m113680) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Ben's Chili Bowl / Minnehaha Theater — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1213 U Street, NW
On U Street Northwest east of 12th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
Ben's Chili Bowl, founded in 1958 by Ben and Virginia Ali, is one of the oldest continuous businesses on U Street. It is also one of the few to survive both the assassination of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., and the years of the disruptive . . . — Map (db m20341) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Black Broadway
On U Street Northwest east of 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling east.
Not too long ago black artists, performers, and patrons created this place called Black Broadway, risen from the ground ascending to monumental heights the entire world witnessed in awe! Every day... every night. Black Broadway is sacred and . . . — Map (db m111991) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Cavalry / With Freedom Came Their Schools
Near Vermont Avenue Northwest south of U Street Northwest, on the right when traveling north.
(front) Cavalry There were seven cavalry regiments in the Bureau of the United States Colored Troops. Unknown Soldier Image courtesy of the Library of Congress (back) With Freedom Came Their . . . — Map (db m113681) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 4 — Civil War Camp to Victorian Neighborhood — City within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On U Street Northwest at 10th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling east on U Street Northwest. Reported missing.
The Shaw neighborhood and the Greater U Street Historic District are rich in African American and Civil War history. They are the ideal place for the African American Civil War Memorial now located on this Metro plaza. The neighborhood was named . . . — Map (db m130790) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Edward “Duke” Ellington Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC — 1805 13th Street, NW
On 13th Street Northwest north of S Street Northwest, on the right when traveling north.
Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington (1899—1974), the internationally renowned composer and musician born in Washington, DC, spend part of his youth here at 1805 13th Street, NW (1910—1914). During those formative years he studied . . . — Map (db m79980) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Frelinghuysen University/Jesse Lawson and Rosetta C. Lawson — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1800 Vermont Avenue, NW
On Vermont Avenue Northwest at 11th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling south on Vermont Avenue Northwest.
Frelinghuysen University was founded in 1917 to provide education, religious training, and social services for black working-class adults. Founders include Jesse Lawson, a Howard University-educated lawyer; his wife Rosetta C. Lawson, an advocate . . . — Map (db m48407) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Georgia Douglas Johnson Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1461 S Street, NW
On S Street Northwest at 15th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west on S Street Northwest.
During the 1920s and 1930s, this house hosted a Saturday evening literary salon, welcoming such luminaries as Alice Dunbar Nelson, Angelina Grimkι, Langston Hughes, Alain Locke, Kelly Miller, and Jean Toomer. Poet and hostess Georgia Douglas Johnson . . . — Map (db m114763) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Industrial Bank of Washington — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 2000 11th Street, NW
On U Street Northwest west of 11th Street Northwest.
Industrial Bank stands as a testament to the Black business movement that began in the 1880s in downtown Washington and spread to the U Street area by the 1900s. Industrial Bank was the only Black-owned financial institution in the city when . . . — Map (db m41804) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Infantry / With Freedom Came Their Churches
Near Vermont Avenue Northwest south of U Street Northwest, on the right when traveling north.
(front) Infantry There were one hundred and forty-two infantry regiments in the Bureau of the United States Colored Troops Private James Smith Image donated by his descendants, family of Robert . . . — Map (db m113685) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — John Wesley Cromwell Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1439 Swann Street, NW
On Swann Street Northwest east of 15th Street Northwest, on the left when traveling east.
Lawyer, scholar, and publisher John Wesley Cromwell (1846-1927) lived here from 1894 until his death. Born enslaved in Portsmouth, Virginia, Cromwell moved to Washington in 1871 to study law at Howard University. He published the weekly People's . . . — Map (db m96273) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Lincoln Theatre and Lincoln Colonnade — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1215 U Street, NW
On U Street Northwest east of 13th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west.
The Lincoln Theatre , built by white theater magnate Harry Crandall, opened in 1922 under African American management as U Street's most elegant first-run movie house. With 1,600 seats, it also was one of the biggest. In addition to films, the . . . — Map (db m33736) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Living Mural: Paul Laurence Dunbar — By Cory L. Stowers and Eric B. Ricks, 2015
Near U Street NW west of 15th Street NW, on the right when traveling east.
Paul Laurence Dunbar (June 27, 1872 - February 9, 1906) was an American poet, novelist, and playwright of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born in Dayton, Ohio, to parents who had been enslaved in Kentucky before the American Civil . . . — Map (db m114774) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Louise Burrell Miller Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1204 T Street, NW
On T Street Northwest west of 12th Street Northwest, on the left when traveling west.
Louise Burrell Miller led a group that successfully sued the DC Board of Education in 1952 to have deaf African American children educated within the District. Until Miller v. the Board of Education, the children, including Miller's young son . . . — Map (db m96272) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Marlon Francisco Morales — Law Enforcement Officer, Husband, Father and Friend — December 26, 1968 - June 13, 2001
On U Street Northwest east of 13th Street Northwest, on the left when traveling west.
In honor of Metro Transit Police Officer Marlon Francisco Morales, who was mortally wounded at the U Street/African American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo Metrorail Station on June 10, 2001. — Map (db m15473) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Mary Ann Shadd Cary Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1421 W Street, NW
On W Street Northwest west of 14th Street Northwest, on the left when traveling east.
[On Fence:] When the lists of African American “firsts” are read, Mary Ann Shadd Cary’s name is everywhere. Born in Delaware to a free Black abolitionist family, Cary (1823-1893) moved to Canada in 1850 and ran a racially . . . — Map (db m61813) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 13 — Meridian Hill Park — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On New Hampshire Avenue Northwest south of Florida Avenue Northwest, on the right when traveling north.
Just ahead of you at the corner of 15th Street and Florida Avenue is the entrance to Meridian Hill Park, a dramatic urban oasis established in 1912 and completed in 1936. Its stunning, 12-acre landscape features the longest cascading waterfall . . . — Map (db m130792) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1000 U Street, NW
Near U Street Northwest west of Vermont Avenue Northwest, on the right when traveling east.
The first African Masonic order south of the Mason-Dixon line was founded in the District of Columbia in 1825. Social Lodge No. 7, as it was known, combined with two other lodges in 1848 to form the Union Grand Lodge. Later, the name was changed to . . . — Map (db m33737) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses
Near Vermont Avenue Northwest south of U Street Northwest, on the right when traveling north.
(front) Musicians Field musicians served as signalmen in the infantry, cavalry and artillery. Drummer Jackson Image courtesy of the National Archives (back) With Freedom Came Their . . . — Map (db m113679) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Pioneers / With Freedom Came Their Community
Near Vermont Avenue Northwest south of U Street NW, on the right when traveling north.
(front) Pioneers Pioneers, also known as engineers, cut roads for ambulances, and built bridges, railroads and other construction projects. Unknown Soldier Image courtesy of the Library of . . . — Map (db m113678) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 14 — Riots to Renaissance — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On U Street Northwest at 14th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west on U Street Northwest.
The corner of 14th and U Streets has been a city crossroads, a neighborhood gathering place, and a stage set for events that have shaken the city and the nation. For city residents, it was the transfer place for crosstown streetcars and . . . — Map (db m130793) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Sailors / With Freedom Came the Greater YOU
Near Vermont Avenue Northwest south of U Street Northwest, on the right when traveling north.
(front) Sailors African descent sailors served in an integrated navy as boys, landsmen, stewards, cooks, seamen, firemen, pilots, navigators, and engineer officers. Unknown Sailor African American Civil War . . . — Map (db m113677) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Saint Augustine Roman Catholic Church — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1425 V Street, NW
On 15th Street Northwest at V Street Northwest on 15th Street Northwest.
Saint Augustine Roman Catholic Church began in 1858 when African American congregants of the Saint Matthew's Church departed to organize their own day school. The group raised funds—even held an event on the White House lawn—and . . . — Map (db m80470) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Scurlock Studio Site — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 900 U Street, NW
On U Street Northwest west of 9th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling east.
Addison Scurlock (1883-1964) was the photographer of black Washington, specializing in dignified portraiture. In 1911 he opened a studio at 900 U Street (just west of the building of that address erected in 1999). The Scurlock Studio photographed . . . — Map (db m109162) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 10 — Strong Families and Eminent Citizens — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On T Street Northwest west of 15th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling east.
The fine rowhouses in this part of the Shaw neighborhood, such as those on this street, were once home to many of the community’s old families and most distinguished citizens. Charles Hamilton Houston, a national leader in civil rights, was . . . — Map (db m130795) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 2 — The True Reformer Building — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On U Street Northwest at 12th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west on U Street Northwest.
The daily lives of residents of this historic African American community were woven together through hundreds of social and civic organizations--fraternal organizations, clubs, school alumni associations, civic associations and the like. The . . . — Map (db m130800) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 253 — This is part of the Shaw neighborhood — Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions, One Neighborhood
On T Street Northwest at 15th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling east on T Street Northwest. Reported unreadable.
Police Call Boxes such as this one (originally painted blue) were installed in the District after the Civil War. Officers on foot patrol used this secure telegraph system to contact the station, accessing the box with a now highly collectible . . . — Map (db m112665) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Washington Afro-American Newspaper Office Building — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1800 11th Street, NW
On 11th Street Northwest north of S Street Northwest, on the right when traveling south.
The independent weekly Afro-American, one of the most enduring Black newspapers in the country was founded in Baltimore in 1892 by John H. Murphy, Sr. The Washington Afro-American began publication in 1932, and operated from this . . . — Map (db m55538) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Washington Conservatory of Music and School of Expression/Harriet Gibbs-Marscall/Mary P. Burrill — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 902 T Street, NW
On T Street Northwest at 9th Street Northwest, on the left when traveling west on T Street Northwest.
The Washington Conservatory of Music and School of Expression, which operated in this building from 1903 until 1960, was one of DC's earliest African American arts institutions. Harriet Gibbs-Marshall (1868-1941), the first African American to . . . — Map (db m109161) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 8 — You are in the "Strivers' Section" — Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions, One Neighborhood
On U Street Northwest at 17th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling west on U Street Northwest.
Police Call Boxes such as this one (originally painted blue) were installed in the District after the Civil War. Officers on foot patrol used this secure telegraph system to contact the station, accessing the box with a now highly collectible . . . — Map (db m129486) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 1 — You Had to Wear a Tie — City within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail
On U Street Northwest at 13th Street Northwest, on the right when traveling east on U Street Northwest.
You are standing on Washington’s historic Black Broadway–the heart of African American life in Washington, D.C. from about 1900 to the 1950s. Duke Ellington, its most famous native son, grew up, was inspired, trained, and played his first . . . — Map (db m130799) HM

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