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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Alexandria, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Alexandria, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Alexandria Ind. City, VA (347) Arlington County, VA (450) Fairfax County, VA (688) Washington, DC (2434) Prince George s County, MD (609)  Alexandria(347) Alexandria (347)  ArlingtonCounty(450) Arlington County (450)  FairfaxCounty(688) Fairfax County (688)  D.C.(2434) Washington (2434)  PrinceGeorge'sCountyMaryland(609) Prince George's County (609)
Adjacent to Alexandria, Virginia
      Arlington County (450)  
      Fairfax County (688)  
      Washington, D.C. (2434)  
      Prince George's County, Maryland (609)  
 
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1Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — "For God and Country"
On Duke Street, on the right when traveling east.
In Loving Memory of Kate Waller Barrett, 1859-1925 First President American Legion Auxiliary Department of Virginia 1922 National President American Legion Auxiliary 1923 ▼▲▼▲▼ This Tablet . . . Map (db m72401) HM
2Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — "Pursuers of Booth the Assassin" — Alexandria National Cemetery
On Cemetery Circle south of Wilkes Street, on the right when traveling south.
. . . Map (db m73446) HM
3Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — "The Fort" and "Seminary" Community — Civil War to Civil Rights — City of Alexandria, Virginia Est. 1749 —
On West Braddock Road, 0.2 miles west of Marlboro Drive, on the right when traveling west.
African Americans established "The Fort," a community that continued here after the Civil War (1861-1864) for nearly a century into the Civil Rights Era of the 1960s. The place received its name from The Fort's location around the remnants of . . . Map (db m149722) HM
4Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 115 Prince Street — Captain's Row
On Prince Street west of South Union Street, on the right when traveling west.
George Washington's 1749 Survey shows this lot fronting the Potomac River. The original house on this site was built in 1783. It was destroyed in the great fire of January 18, 1827, which consumed 53 houses and numerous outbuildings in Old Town. . . . Map (db m71794) HM
5Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — 1323 Duke Street – From Slavery to Freedom and Service — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
On West Street at Duke Street (Virginia Route 236) on West Street.
Text, upper half of marker panel: This house, built by Emmanuel Jones by 1888, stands at the corner of a block that witnessed the extremes of 19th century African American experience. From a slave trading company to significant . . . Map (db m46124) HM
6Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — 1955 Gas Station
Near South Washington Street just south of Church Street, on the right when traveling south.
Under this plaza is the concrete floor of a gas station, the construction of which desecrated many graves. The flooring was kept in place to protect the graves that may remain below.Map (db m188799) HM
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7Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 204 South Royal
On South Royal Street south of Prince Street, on the right when traveling north.
Built in 1880, 204 South Royal Street was originally the site of the Concordia Hotel. Commissioned by Jacob Borhaus, the Concordia incorporated every modern convenience. The original hotel entrance was located on Royal Street. A two story wing . . . Map (db m131347) HM
8Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 414-412 Prince Street
On Prince Street just east of South Pitt Street, on the right when traveling east.
In 1850, William N. McVeigh bought a frame house on this site at public auction. Soon after the purchase, McVeigh had the small house demolished, and construction began on a pair of three-story brick houses. The Alexandria Gazette and . . . Map (db m146441) HM
9Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 511 Prince Street
On Prince Street just west of South Pitt Street, on the right when traveling west.
George Washington purchased this lot in 1763 Frame house built 1798 Enlarged and encased in brick in 1853 by William McVeighMap (db m146414) HM
10Virginia, Alexandria, Taylor Run — A Chinquapin House — Alexandria Heritage Trail
On Chinquapin Drive, 0.2 miles south of King Street (Virginia Route 7), on the right when traveling north. Reported damaged.
Built in 1941 for World War II workers at the Torpedo Factory on the Potomac River in Alexandria, the Chinquapin Village War Housing Project was designed with a series of courts radiating from the circular road present today. Four to six duplexes . . . Map (db m150804) HM
11Virginia, Alexandria, Oakcrest — A Crossroads Through Time — City of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) 0.1 miles east of Marlee Way, on the right when traveling east.
Three roads formed this Fairfax County intersection by the early 19th century. Braddock Road, Middle Turnpike (later called Leesburg Pike/King Street/Route 7) and Quaker Lane were the wagon routes for trade between the port town of Alexandria and . . . Map (db m150816) HM
12Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — A National Cemetery System
Near Wilkes Street west of Hamilton Avenue when traveling west.
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m92115) HM
13Virginia, Alexandria, Taylor Run — A Native American Village — Alexandria Heritage Trail
Near Francis Hammond Parkway, 0.2 miles east of Key Drive, on the right when traveling east.
People have lived and worked along Taylor Run for thousands of years. The first Alexandrians probably walked along the stream bank at least 10,000 years ago. These early peoples lived in small, mobile bands and subsisted through hunting and . . . Map (db m150807) HM
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14Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — A Rich History on the Alexandria Waterfront
On The Strand just south of Prince Street, on the left when traveling south.
1880 On September 1, 1880 the Old Dominion Boat Club (ODBC) was organized to combine physical fitness and sport with a social atmosphere. The members built their first clubhouse on May 1, 1881 located on the Strand between Duke and . . . Map (db m195594) HM
15Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — A Tale of Three Jurisdictions
Near Capital Beltway (Interstate 95/495) 0.8 miles east of Richmond Highway (U.S. 1), on the left when traveling north.
Did you know that you traverse the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia when you cross this bridge? The brass lines in the walkway mark the boundaries. They also commemorate the cooperation required to build this bridge. Follow the . . . Map (db m140997) HM
16Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — A Very Different View: Living and Working in 1700s Alexandria
Near North Lee Street south of Cameron Street, on the left when traveling north.
Alexandria's Changing Shoreline In 1749 the town of Alexandria was laid out on 10 to 15 foot bluffs around a crescent of shallow water. The back edge of John Carlyle's property, where you are standing now, was about 15 feet above the Potomac . . . Map (db m129171) HM
17Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — A World War I Shipyard Transforms Jones Point — From Shoals to Ships — 1918-1921 —
During World War I (1914-1918), the U.S. government targeted Jones Point as the site for a private shipyard, one of 111 built to aid the war effort. The Virginia Shipbuilding Corporation yard, constructed just before war's end, was designed to build . . . Map (db m127780) HM
18Virginia, Alexandria, Eisenhower East — African American Heritage Memorial
On Holland Lane at Jamieson Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Holland Lane.
[Plaque on the left side of the entrance:] From the establishment of Alexandria in 1749 to the present time, African Americans have been a vibrant part of this city's history. The City of Alexandria would not exist in its present form were . . . Map (db m131547) HM
19Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — African Americans and the Civil War — Fleeing, Fighting and Working for Freedom — City of Alexandria, Virginia Est. 1749 —
On West Braddock Road, 0.2 miles west of Marlboro Drive, on the right when traveling west.
The Civil War (1861-1865) opened the door for opportunity and civil rights for African American Virginians, about 90 percent of whom were enslaved in 1860. The upheaval from battles and the federal presence in Alexandria and eastern Fairfax . . . Map (db m149734) HM
20Virginia, Alexandria, Taylor Run — Alexandria — Alexandria in the Civil War
On Callahan Drive at King Street (Virginia Route 7), on the right when traveling north on Callahan Drive. Reported permanently removed.
“Alexandria is ours,” declared Col. Orlando Wilcox of the 1st Michigan Vol. Inf. as his regiment captured the city on the morning of May 24, 1861. When Virginia's vote of secession became effective, Union forces immediately crossed the . . . Map (db m159) HM
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21Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria — A Place Through Time
Near North Union Street east of Fayette Alley, on the right when traveling north.
13,000 years ago The Paleoindian Period A Native American hunter during the Paleoindian period discards a broken spear point, on a bluff overlooking a tributary to the Potomac River at the southern edge of present-day Alexandria. . . . Map (db m166409) HM
22Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Academy — 1732 1932
Near Wolfe Street east of South Washington Street, on the right when traveling east.
Erected 1785, Chartered by the General Assembly of Virginia 1786, with the following trustees: George Washington William Brown John Fitzgerald William Baker Samuel Hanson William Hartshorne Benjamin Dulany David Stuart Charles . . . Map (db m175873) HM
23Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — E-89 — Alexandria Academy
On Washington Street (Virginia Route 400) at Wolfe Street, on the right when traveling north on Washington Street.
On 17 Dec. 1785, George Washington endowed a school here in the recently established Alexandria Academy “for the purpose of educating orphan children.” In 1812, an association of free African Americans founded its own school here in space vacated by . . . Map (db m813) HM
24Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Alexandria and Fredericksburg Railroad
On North Fayette Street south of Wythe Street, on the left when traveling north.
The rails embedded in the brick sidewalk along this block of Fayette Street come from the Alexandria and Fredericksburg Railroad. Chartered in 1864 and completed to Quantico by 1872, this rail line ran in the street and spurred industrial growth in . . . Map (db m115685) HM
25Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Archaeology Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
On King Street at North Union Street, on the left when traveling east on King Street.
The launch of urban renewal in 1965 led to a boom of archaeological discoveries in Alexandria's Old and Historic District. As buildings were razed exposing artifact-laden layers of history, community outcry demanded that the City address and halt . . . Map (db m115770) HM
26Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Alexandria Black History Museum — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 — History —
On North Alfred Street just south of Wythe Street, on the right when traveling south.
This is the original entrance to the Robert H. Robinson Library, built in 1940 as the segregated facility for Alexandria's African American residents.Map (db m188812) HM
27Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town North — Alexandria Canal (1843 - 1886) — Lock #3
On North Royal Street north of Montgomery Street, on the right when traveling north.
Buried beneath this canal stone lies Lock #3 of the Alexandria Canal, which connected the Harbor of Alexandria with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in Georgetown, D.C. between 1843 and 1886. After Crossing the Potomac on an aqueduct bridge near the . . . Map (db m80668) HM
28Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town North — Alexandria Canal Turning Basin — (1843-1886) — Alexandria Heritage Trail, City of Alexandria, Virginia —
On Montgomery Street just west of North Pitt Street, on the right when traveling west.
The Alexandria Canal officially opened on December 2, 1843. The seven-mile long canal extended from the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in Georgetown to Alexandria's ports on the Potomac River. Boats brought coal, limestone, iron ore, port and . . . Map (db m147123) HM
29Virginia, Alexandria, Taylor Run — Alexandria in the Civil War — "Alexandria is ours!"
Near Callahan Drive at King Street (Virginia Route 7), on the right when traveling north.
“Alexandria is ours,” declared Col. Orlando Wilcox of the 1st Michigan Infantry as his regiment captured the city on the morning of May 24, 1861, one day after Virginia officially left the Union. Due to its strategic location on the . . . Map (db m152570) HM
30Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Alexandria Library Sit-In — Alexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 —
On Queen Street just east of North Columbus Street, on the right when traveling west.
On August 21, 1939, five young African-American men, William Evans, Edward Gaddis, Morris Murray, Clarence Strange and Otto Tucker entered the Barrett Library, then a whites-only segregated, public facility. When they requested library cards and . . . Map (db m195649) HM
31Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — E-88 — Alexandria Library Sit-In
On N. Washington Street at Queen St., on the right when traveling south on N. Washington Street.
On 21 August 1939, five young African American men applied for library cards at the new Alexandria Library to protest its whites-only policy. After being denied, William Evans, Edward Gaddis, Morris Murray, Clarence Strange, and Otto L. Tucker each . . . Map (db m82774) HM
32Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Alexandria National Cemetery
Near Wilkes Street west of Hamilton Avenue when traveling west.
Securing the Capital On May 24, 1861, Gen. Winfield Scott ordered eleven regiments of Union troops from Washington, D.C., across the Potomac River, where they captured Arlington and Alexandria. After their defeat in July at Manassas, . . . Map (db m92113) HM
33Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Post No. 24, American Legion
On Cameron Street west of North Royal Street, on the right when traveling east.
This structure stands on the site of a late eighteenth-century brick dwelling, part of a complex owned by John Wise and leased to John Gadsby, both noted Alexandria tavern keepers. The Alexandria Post No. 24, American Legion, purchased the . . . Map (db m129180) HM
34Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Alexandria Quaker Burial Ground
Near Queen Street at North Columbus Street, on the right when traveling west.
Established 1784Map (db m195648) HM
35Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Railroads
Near Wilkes Street at South Royal Street, in the median.
Three railroads developed in Alexandria during the mid-19th century, a period of limited industrial expansion for the City. Alexandrians had a invested heavily in the Alexandria Canal which opened in 1843, giving the city access to the rich . . . Map (db m72379) HM
36Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Washington Lodge — No. 22 AF & AM
On Cameron Street east of North Royal Street, on the right when traveling east.
Chartered A.D. 1788 Destroyed by Fire May 19, A.D. 1871 Rebuilt A.D. 1874 Adolf Cluss - Architect This plaque mounted in cooperation with the City of Alexandria by the Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22 Ancient Free and . . . Map (db m69947) HM
37Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Waterfront
On Pioneer Mill Way just east of The Strand, in the median.
Alexandrians created waterfront land by banking out the shoreline using timber cribbing and old ships including three discovered on this site. For over two centuries this land embodied Alexandria's working waterfront with an evolving mix of . . . Map (db m204474) HM
38Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria, D.C. — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) at North West Street, on the right when traveling west on King Street.
Alexandria was established by Virginia's colonial assembly in 1749, over four decades the U.S. Congress authorized creation of a national capital on the banks of the Potomac River. Once the final site for the Federal city was selected by President . . . Map (db m141166) HM
39Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria, Virginia — Market Square — Alexandria Historic District —
On Cameron Street east of North Royal Street, on the right when traveling east.
Wording on stone tablet to left: Alexandria, Virginia County seat of Fairfax 1742-1800 Organized 13th July, 1749 Incorporated by the Assembly of Virginia 1779 Ceded to the Federal Government 1789 First boundary . . . Map (db m167068) HM WM
40Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — E-124 — Alfred Street Baptist Church
On Alfred Street at Duke Street (Virginia Route 236), on the right when traveling south on Alfred Street.
Alfred Street Baptist Church is home to the oldest African American congregation in Alexandria, dating to the early 19th century. It has served as a prominent religious, educational, and cultural institution. In 1818, the congregation, then . . . Map (db m14623) HM
41Virginia, Alexandria, Taylor Run — All Aboard at Alexandria Union Station
Near Callahan Drive at King Steet (Virginia Route 7), on the right when traveling north.
Whether going to their workplace, a vacation getaway or war, generations of passengers have embarked on journeys and were welcomed home at the Alexandria Union Station. It exemplifies the time when railroads were the dominant means of . . . Map (db m152574) HM
42Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town North — American Red Cross
On North St. Asaph Street north of Pendleton Street, on the right when traveling north.
This building, originally built as a bottling plant for the Robert Portner Brewing Company in 1912, was purchased along with the land surrounding it by the American National Red Cross in the spring of 1941. It served as the organization's Eastern . . . Map (db m134971) HM
43Virginia, Alexandria, Alexandria West — An American Indian Camp in the Uplands — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
On Mark Center Avenue at Mark Center Drive, on the left when traveling west on Mark Center Avenue.
Small groups of people occupied a temporary camp here between 4,500 and 3,200 years ago. This era, called the Late Archaic by archaeologists, is characterized by changes in lifestyle. Growing numbers of people seasonally gathered in larger . . . Map (db m214232) HM
44Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — ASIS International 9/11 Memorial
Near Prince Street east of Daingerfield Road, on the left when traveling west.
In honor and memory of our colleagues in the security profession whose lives were lost in the performance of their duty on September 11th in New York, and all others who have been called upon to make the ultimate sacrifice, ASIS International . . . Map (db m131393) WM
45Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Bank of Alexandria
On North Fairfax Street at Cameron Street, on the right when traveling north on North Fairfax Street.
Established in 1792, this was the first financial institution authorized by the General Assembly of Virginia. The building was completed in 1807. It is one of the oldest surviving commercial structures in Alexandria and is a fine local example of . . . Map (db m81250) HM
46Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Barrett Library / Black History Museum
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) at North Alfred Street, on the right when traveling west on King Street.
The Alexandria Library's Kate Waller Barrett Branch (2 blocks north, 1 block east) and the Alexandria Black History Museum (6 blocks north) have an unusual shared history. The library building was constructed in 1938 and named for Dr. Kate Waller . . . Map (db m115715) HM
47Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Battery Cove Filled: A New Shipyard
Near Wharf Street east of Ford's Landing Way, on the right when traveling west. Reported unreadable.
Between 1911 and 1912, Battery Cove, the shallow bay extending from the southern edge of Keith's Wharf southward to Jones Point, was [unreadable] for the Civil War Battery Rodgers and was used as a small [unreadable] for an extensive dredging . . . Map (db m127768) HM
48Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Battery Rodgers
On South Lee Street at Green Street, on the right on South Lee Street.
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 Battery Rodgers Here stood Battery Rodgers, built in 1863 to prevent enemy ships from passing up the Potomac River. The battery had a perimeter of 30 yards and mounted five 200 pounder Parrott . . . Map (db m41413) HM
49Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Bayne-Fowle House
On Prince Street east of South Alfred Street, on the left when traveling east.
This property has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Bayne-Fowle House 1854 [Additional plaques above:] The Bayne-Fowle House has been . . . Map (db m134975) HM
50Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Bethel Cemetery — Resting place of 21 CSA Virginia soldiers
Near Wilkes Street, 0.1 miles east of Hamilton Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
Henry A. Crump 60th Inf • William M. David 62nd Inf • George W.L. Francis 7th Cav • William H. Haws 8th Inf • George W. Herndon 13th Inf • Elias M. Herring 18th Inf • Elijah F. Hutchison 6th Cav • Edward S. Jett 56th Inf • John J. Knoxville 9th . . . Map (db m150721) HM WM
51Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Bethel Cemetery — Here rests 15 Alexandria area soldiers of the 17th Virginia Regiment, CSA
On Wilkes Street, 0.1 miles east of Hamilton Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
Brown, Alexander H. • Carter, Merriwether T. • Darley, William • Jones, George W. • Lawler, John Joseph • Lewis, William L. • Pitts, Henry Segar • Pitts, Robert Tyler • Proctor, John J. • Roland, Richard N. • Sutherland, John W. • Turner, Albert . . . Map (db m150723) HM WM
52Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — E-139 — Beulah Baptist Church
On South Washington Street north of Wolfe Street, on the right when traveling north.
African Americans escaping slavery found refuge in Alexandria after Union troops occupied the city in 1861. The Rev. Clement “Clem” Robinson established the First Select Colored School in 1862. Hundreds of students registered for day and . . . Map (db m98079) HM
53Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Bombproof
Near West Braddock Road, on the right when traveling west.
Two bombproofs, each measuring 200 feet long by 12.5 feet wide, were located in the center of Fort Ward. During normal operations the bombproofs were used as meeting rooms, storage facilities, and sometimes as a prison. In the event of an attack, . . . Map (db m7716) HM
54Virginia, Alexandria, Rosemont — Braddock Cannon
On West Braddock Road at Russel Road, on the right when traveling west on West Braddock Road.
(North Side): This monument marks the trail taken by the army of General Braddock which left Alexandria on April 20, 1755 to defend the western frontier against the French and Indians. Erected by the Society of Colonial Dames of . . . Map (db m7567) HM
55Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Braddock Road Mile "0"
On North Fairfax Street just north of Ramsey Alley, on the right when traveling north.
In honor of Dr. Walter Powell, Founder and President of the Braddock Road Preservation AssociationMap (db m156481) HM
56Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Brick Making on Broomilaw Point — ca. 1882-1919 — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 —
On Thornton Way west of George Washington Parkway (Virginia Route 400), on the right when traveling west.
John Tucker's small factory at Broomilaw Point was one of several brickyards that operated in the City of Alexandria. Park Agnew and M.B. Harlow bought the brickworks in 1890, expanding and mechanizing Tucker's small operation. By 1890, the . . . Map (db m127763) HM
57Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Brigadier General Montgomery D. Corse, CSA
On Prince Street at South Pitt Street on Prince Street.
Brigadier General Montgomery D. Corse, CSA Born here in 1816, died Alexandria 1895. Volunteer, Mexican War 1846-1848. Prospector in California, Commander, 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment, CSA. Post-war civic leader and banker. Buried . . . Map (db m65489) HM
58Virginia, Alexandria, Potomac Yard — Building Potomac Yard — City of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Potomac Yard —
On Potomac Avenue at Swann Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Potomac Avenue.
Potomac Yard was located between Washington D.C. and Alexandria because the site already served as the confluence of many shipping routes; was centrally located on the eastern seaboard; and would alleviate troublesome train congestion from . . . Map (db m115669) HM
59Virginia, Alexandria, Landmark — Bush Hill
On Eisenhower Avenue, 0.8 miles east of Metro Road, on the right when traveling east.
Josiah Watson, a wealthy merchant and postmaster of Alexandria, established his 272-acre plantation, “Bush Hill”, in 1791. Richard Marshall Scott purchased the plantation in 1791; his family stayed here for 200 years. Scott was an . . . Map (db m2610) HM
60Virginia, Alexandria, Alexandria West — Cabin in Historic Fairfax County — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
On Mark Center Avenue at Mark Center Drive, on the left when traveling west on Mark Center Avenue.
This land was once part of more than 1,100 acres acquired by the Terrett family by the mid-19th century. Within Fairfax County until annexed by the City of Alexandria in 1952, the area was primarily agricultural fieldsd and woodlands here before . . . Map (db m214230) HM
61Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Capt. James McGuire House
On Prince Street east of South Fayette Street, on the left when traveling east.
Built 1816-18 by Capt. James McGuire Occupied for much of his Alexandria ministry by Rev. Samuel Cornelius, Pastor First Baptist Church, 1824-41 Restored 1964-65 by Mr. & Mrs. John Page ElliottMap (db m66551) HM
62Virginia, Alexandria, Potomac West — Captain Rocky Versace Plaza and Vietnam Veterans Memorial
On Commonwealth Avenue at Groves Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Commonwealth Avenue.
Captain Rocky Versace Plaza and Vietnam Veterans Memorial [In the center of the memorial:] ★ My son is ★ was ★ he often did ★ does ★ his eyes are ★ were brown ★ Tere Rios Versace . . . Map (db m115677) WM
63Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Carlyle House Historic Park
On North Fairfax Street south of Cameron Street, on the left when traveling south.
This unique building, constructed of stone and set back from the street, was built by John Carlyle, a British merchant and one of the original founders of Alexandria. Witness to both domestic life and war, today the house stands as a museum . . . Map (db m156562) HM
64Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Carver Nursery School / Post 129 — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
On North Fayette Street south of Queen Street, on the right when traveling south.
This modest, wood-frame building has played an important role in the segregated history of Alexandria. During World War II, the federal government encouraged women to join the war effort by providing safe and affordable day care. In Alexandria, . . . Map (db m129190) HM
65Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Carver School — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) at North Fayette Street, on the right when traveling west on King Street.
Just two blocks north of this location along Fayette Street (named for the Marquis de Lafayette who visited Alexandria in 1824), near the southwest corner of Queen Street, stood the Old Powder House, dating from 1791-1809. On the same spot, the . . . Map (db m115713) HM
66Virginia, Alexandria, Taylor Run — Chinquapin Trek — Alexandria Heritage Trail
On Chinquapin Drive, 0.1 miles south of King Street (Virginia Route 7), on the right when traveling north.
Travel the Chinquapin Trek The Chinquapin trek takes you back in time. Interpretive signs discuss the process associated with the formation of Taylor Run and forest succession. Illustration of trees, plants and wildlife assist you in . . . Map (db m150802) HM
67Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Christ Church — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) at North Columbus Street, on the left when traveling east on King Street.
Before the American Revolution, the Church of England was the established church of Virginia and part of the colonial government. For administrative purposes, the colony was divided into "parishes" and all residents paid taxes to maintain church . . . Map (db m115716) HM
68Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Civil War and Restoration
Near North Fairfax Street south of Cameron Street, on the right when traveling north.
Civil War Comes to Carlyle House If you stood in this spot 150 years ago, you would be inside a building! In 1848 James Green purchased Carlyle House and the building in front of you, the first Bank of Alexandria. He turned it into a hotel . . . Map (db m129170) HM
69Virginia, Alexandria, Landmark — Cloud's Mill Race
On North Paxton Street at Cloude's Mill Drive, on the right on North Paxton Street.
This historic site is a section of the mill race that provided water power to Cloud's Mill which stood directly across Paxton street. At the intersection of Beauregard and Morgan Streets, water diverted from the Holmes Run ran through the . . . Map (db m150801) HM
70Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Clovis Point
Near South Washington Street south of Church Street, on the right when traveling south.
An archeological investigation was conducted in 2007 and 2008 to find and protect the cemetery's remaining graves. City archaeologists discovered an American Indian site in this area with a broken quartzite fragment fro a 13,000-year-old spear . . . Map (db m188802) HM
71Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Col. John Fitzgerald
On King Street east of South Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling east.
Here stood the home of Col. John Fitzgerald favorite aide-de-camp and bosom friend of WashingtonMap (db m115761) HM
72Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Colonel Francis Peyton
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) west of South Peyton Street, on the left when traveling west.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, this land was part of a larger parcel owned by Colonel Francis Peyton and the land was later inherited by his son, Lucien. In 1851, Lucien Peyton sold this property, depicted on the 1845 map of Alexandria, . . . Map (db m115704) HM
73Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Colonel Michael Swope House
On Prince Street just east of South Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling east.
This house was built between 1784-1786 by Colonel Michael Swope, a Revolutionary War Battalion Commander, and his wife, Eva Kuhn Swope. Originally from York, PA, Colonel Swope was taken prisoner by the British at the beginning of the war and was . . . Map (db m149717) HM
74Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Colross-Alexandria's Urban Phoenix — Alexandria Heritage Trail
Near Oronoco Street at North Fayette Street, on the right when traveling west.
For over a century, this two-acre block was occupied by a mansion known as Colross. Built in 1800 by John Potts, the mansion, with its outbuildings, gardens, orchard, and a "clover lot" was in effect a small plantation. Colross's owners . . . Map (db m72384) HM
75Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Confederate Soldiers
On North Washington Street south of Cameron Street, on the right when traveling south.
"How sleep the brave who sink to rest By all their country's wishes blest" Beneath this mound lie the remains of thirty-four Confederate Soldiers Which were disinterred from the Alexandria Soldiers' Cemetery (Federal) and reinterred . . . Map (db m129286) HM WM
76Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
On South Washington Street south of Church Street, on the right when traveling south.
The Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial is dedicated to honoring more than 1,700 people of African descent buried here during and following the Civil War, as well as those who may have been laid to rest after the cemetery officially . . . Map (db m77244) HM WM
77Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
On Church Street at South Columbus Street when traveling north on Church Street.
Seeking freedom and a chance to begin a new life thousands of African Americans fleeing slavery flooded Civil War-era Alexandria. The city was quickly overwhelmed, and as living conditions grew dire, many perished from disease and deprivation. In . . . Map (db m86652) HM
78Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Corner of Building Erected in 1960 — [Southwest corner]
Near South Washington Street just south of Church Street, on the right when traveling south.
You are standing over the building's floor which was left in place and covered to protect the graves that may remain below.Map (db m188803) HM
79Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Corner of Building Erected in 1960 — [Southeast Corner]
Near South Washington Street just south of Church Street, on the right when traveling south.
You are standing over the building's floor, which was left in place and covered to protect the graves that may remain below.Map (db m188805) HM
80Virginia, Alexandria, Potomac West — Corporal Charles William Hill — 1949-1989
On East Oxford Avenue east of Dewitt Avenue.
Charles W. Hill was born on February 22, 1949, in Suffolk County, New York. Charlie, as he was known to his friends, grew up on Long Island where he met his wife, Virginia. They married in 1971. Charlie was hired as a New York City Police Officer . . . Map (db m115684) HM
81Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Courtesy of Bethel Cemetery, Est. 1885
Near Wilkes Street, 0.1 miles east of Hamilton Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
Courtesy of Bethel Cemetery, Est. 1885 on whose grounds rests ten members of Col. John Singleton Mosby's Rangers, 43rd BN CSA. The area of Northern Virginia was known during the war and ever since as Mosby's Confederacy Ayre, George . . . Map (db m150722) HM WM
82Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town North — Cross Canal — Historic Site
On Montgomery Street at North Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling west on Montgomery Street.
This area, called "Cross Canal," was a neighborhood of black residents who settled across from the canal shortly after the Civil War. The canal, located just north of this marker, extended from the Potomac River to Washington Street, thence north to . . . Map (db m129476) HM
83Virginia, Alexandria, Potomac Yard — Crossroads of Transportation — City of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Potomac Yard —
On Potomac Avenue east of Main Line Boulevard, on the right when traveling north.
The Potomac Yard site has historically been an intersection for transportation because of its location between Washington D.C. and Alexandria and the availability of open, level land near the river. Even before Potomac Yard was built, the . . . Map (db m115667) HM
84Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — D.C.'s First Building Block — Jones Point Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Jones Point Drive east of South Royal Street, on the right when traveling east.
In 1791, surveyors on Jones Point began to lay out the ten-mile square that would become Washington, D.C. The first marker for the survey—the south cornerstone—was set in place on this spot. Although the stone within this protective . . . Map (db m60162) HM
85Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Douglass Cemetery — circa, 1827
On Wilkes Street, 0.1 miles west of South Payne Street, on the right when traveling west.
The Douglass Cemetery Association was founded in 1895 as a non-denominational, segregated cemetery for Alexandria's African American community. The Douglass Cemetery is named in memory of Frederick Douglass, who was an American abolitionist, . . . Map (db m140586) HM
86Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Dr. Bernard Stier, O.D. (1930-2005)
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) at North Washington Street, on the right when traveling east on King Street.
Dr. Bernard Stier, O.D. (1930-2005), practiced optometry at this address from the late 1950s to 1998. Dr. Stier moved his practice here after practicing at 716 King Street with his uncle, Dr. Moses Katz, O.D. (1913-1957). A longtime Alexandrian, Dr. . . . Map (db m115717) HM
87Virginia, Alexandria, Potomac West — Dr. Betty Louise Josephson King — 1943-2016
On Edison Street north of Mark Drive, on the left when traveling north.
Betty King was a scientist, teacher, community activist, photographer, mother, grandmother, neighbor, and friend who lived in the Hume Springs neighborhood in north Alexandria from the early 1980's until she passed away in her home on Mark Drive on . . . Map (db m130985) HM
88Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Duvall's Tavern
On Cameron Street just west of North Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling west.
On December 31, 1783, George Washington was feted here by the Gentlemen of Alexandria celebrating his triumphant return from the Revolutionary War.Map (db m191971) HM
89Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — E-157 — Earl Francis Lloyd — (1928 - 2015)
On Montgomery Street just east of Richmond Highway (U.S. 1), on the left when traveling west.
Earl Lloyd, a Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Famer, grew up on this block, attended the segregated Parker-Gray High School, and graduated from West Virginia State College. On 31 Oct. 1950, as a member of the Washington Capitols, he became the . . . Map (db m195657) HM
90Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Early Alexandria and Keith's Wharf
Near Wharf Street east of Ford's Landing Way, on the right when traveling west. Reported unreadable.
During the 17th century, settlers began to establish small plantations near landing places on the Potomac River. Oceangoing ships could load tobacco and other goods to export to Great Britain. The area that was to become Alexandria was still . . . Map (db m127772) HM
91Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Edgar Warfield — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
On King Street at North Pitt Street, on the left when traveling east on King Street.
One of King Street's greatest commercial buildings was built by one of Alexandria's most beloved citizens. Edgar Warfield, Jr. was born in 1842, and at the age of 18 he co-founded the "Old Dominion Rifles," a Confederate militia that served in . . . Map (db m115749) HM
92Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Electric Railway — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
On King Street at South Royal Street, on the right when traveling east on King Street.
Alexandria's electric streetcar system, the Washington, Alexandria & Mount Vernon Railway, was established in 1892 between Alexandria and Mount Vernon. In 1896, the line extended into Washington, crossing the Long Bridge where the 14th Street Bridge . . . Map (db m115760) HM
93Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Elisha Cullen Dick, M.D. — 1750 - 1825
On Queen Street just east of North Columbus Street, on the left when traveling east.
Friend and physician to George · Washington buried near this spotMap (db m195653) HM
94Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Engin Artemel
Near Union Street at Cameron Street.
As Planning Director (1977-1984) Engin Artemel led the City of Alexandria in planning for the transformation of its industrial waterfront to one that can be enjoyed by visitors and residents alike. Inspired by beautiful active urban waterfronts in . . . Map (db m99596) HM
95Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Entrance Gate to Fort Ward/Officers' Hut
On West Braddock Road, on the right when traveling east.
The Fort Ward entrance gate, completed in May 1865, provided the only access to the interior of the fort. The gate's decorative details include stands of cannonballs and the insignia (castle) of the Army Corps of Engineers which designed and . . . Map (db m194339) HM
96Virginia, Alexandria, Oakcrest — T-45 — Episcopal High School
On King Street (Virginia Route 7) near South Taylor Street, on the right when traveling east.
Episcopal High School, on the hill to the southwest, was founded in 1839 as a boys' preparatory school, one of the first in the South; girls were admitted in 1991. The school was a pioneer in the establishment of student honor codes in preparatory . . . Map (db m7559) HM
97Virginia, Alexandria, Taylor Run — Fighting Back — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Near Callahan Drive at King Street (Virginia Route 7).
With Alexandria under British control in August 1814, top-ranking U.S. military men gathered at this high point above the city. President Madison conferred with Secretary of the Navy William Jones, Brigadier General John Hungerford, and U.S. Navy . . . Map (db m81243) HM
98Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — First Catholic Church in Virginia — A. D. 1795
On South Washington Street (Virginia Route 400) south of Church Street, on the right when traveling north.
This stone taken from the canal of the Potomac Company of which Washington and Fitzgerald were Directors commemorates the erection of the First Catholic Church in Virginia, A. D. 1795, which stood until 1839 about twenty feet behind this . . . Map (db m79678) HM
99Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — First Lot Sold at Auction
On Cameron Street, on the right when traveling west.
Erected by the Bicentennial Commission to mark the site of the first lot sold at Auction July 13th, 1749,Map (db m152581) HM
100Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 22 — First Presbyterian Church of Alexandria — "Old Presbyterian Meeting House" — American Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site —
On South Fairfax Street north of Wolfe Street, on the right when traveling south.
Panel 1 - upper middle of east face: The First Presbyterian Church of Alexandria founded A.D. 1772 House of worship erected 1774. Destroyed by lightning July 20, 1835. Rebuilt on the same lot A.D. 1836. Panel 2 - . . . Map (db m122164) HM

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Feb. 3, 2023