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Iron County Wisconsin Historical Markers

 
Flambeau Trail - Little Finland Marker image, Touch for more information
By Paul Fehrenbach, August 23, 2011
Flambeau Trail - Little Finland Marker
Wisconsin (Iron County), Hurley — Flambeau Trail - Little FinlandIron County Heritage Area
Jobs in the iron mines of the Penokee Range! Ample land to homestead! News of the good life on the Penokee Iron Range brought Finnish immigrants here as early as 1887. By 1900, native born Finns were the largest ethnic group seeking a new . . . — Map (db m46684) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Hurley — 113 — Gogebic Iron Range
The Gogebic Iron Range, which may be seen to the south of here, extends 80 miles from Lake Namekagon, Wisconsin to Lake Gogebic (Chippewa for “place of diving”) in Michigan. Prior to the discovery of iron ore the area was relatively . . . — Map (db m45103) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Hurley — 314 — Iron Mining in Wisconsin
Although iron mining in Wisconsin had its beginnings in Sauk, Dodge and Jackson counties in the southern part of the state in the 1850’s, discoveries of vast new deposits shifted the focus to northern Wisconsin in 1880. The major iron mining area . . . — Map (db m30849) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Hurley — Penokee Iron Range Trail – Historic Iron County CourthouseIron County Heritage Area
Ashland County was not willing to have its eastern most township, the Town of Vaughn, “secede” to form a new county in 1887.

The Town incorporated Hurley’s rich iron ore mines. The community’s wealth and population were booming. . . . — Map (db m45526) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Hurley — This 5 ½ Foot Diameter Drill Core
This 5 ½ foot diameter drill core came from the Cary Mine shaft from a depth of 2400 feet below the surface. The shaft was drilled during the period 1942-44 from surface to the 31st level and was later enlarged to its full size of 13X21 feet. . . . — Map (db m36838) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Manitowish — Flambeau Trail – ManitowishIron County Heritage Area
Main streets developed at the cross roads of resources, transportation, and people. The town of Manitowish grew up on timber and the railroad.

By the turn of the century, the “inexhaustible” stands of white pine had been cut from . . . — Map (db m45527) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Flambeau Trail – Continental DivideIron County Heritage Area
You are now standing on the “Continental Divide”, a geological demarcation line which splits Northern Wisconsin.

North of “The Divide”, rivers flow to Lake Superior and finally to the Atlantic Ocean. These waterways . . . — Map (db m46685) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Flambeau Trail – The Mercer DepotIron County Heritage Area
The arrival of the Milwaukee, Lake Shore and Western Railroad in 1889 was a major factor in the economic development of Mercer’s isolated logging settlement. Timber and other natural resources could now be shipped year ‘round to markets. Much needed . . . — Map (db m45098) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Flambeau Trail – Turtle Flambeau Flowage DamIron County Heritage Area
The Turtle Flambeau Flowage was born in 1926, when the Chippewa and Flambeau Improvement Company built a dam on the Flambeau River, downstream from its confluence with the Turtle River improving its usefulness for power-generating and papermaking . . . — Map (db m59475) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Flambeau Trail – Turtle PortageIron County Heritage Area
For centuries Native Americans and voyagers using the Flambeau Trail carried their birch bark canoes and cargo across the wide “plain” where you are standing, between Echo Lake (called Big Turtle Lake) and Grand Portage Lake (Little . . . — Map (db m45097) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Flambeau Trail – Two Ways to GoIron County Heritage Area
In days of yesteryear, traveling south on the Flambeau Trail, you arrived at Big Turtle Lake (now Echo Lake) and Little Turtle Lake (now called either Grand Portage Lake or Tank Lake) to what is now Mercer. At Echo Lake you had a choice depending on . . . — Map (db m46687) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line - Roddis Lumber and Veneer CompanyIron County Heritage Area
William Henry Roddis realized that a fortune could be made in the woods. In 1903, he purchased a parcel of land to build a mill in Park Falls. Roddis bought 35,000 acres of timber land in Iron and Ashland counties from Wisconsin Central . . . — Map (db m59477) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line - Roddis Lumber and Veneer CompanyIron County Heritage Area
In 1925, the Roddis company contracted with Carl Nelson, a jobber, to run the camps. Between 1925 and 1930, he chose the camp sites, bought supplies and delivered timber to the log landings. From 1930 until the company abandoned logging in . . . — Map (db m59478) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line – Early LoggingIron County Heritage Area
America saw the vast forests of the Great lakes as an endless supply of the timber needed to settle the west. Farmers, factories and mills needed wood for fuel and building materials. Men came to the northern forests to make their fortunes . . . — Map (db m59479) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line – Lake of the FallsIron County Heritage Area
The felling of Iron County’s great stands of timber began in the late 1870’s. The white pine was the first to be cut. Down the Turtle River and over Lake of the Falls, buoyant pine logs were floated to sawmills further south.

Spring, when . . . — Map (db m46688) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line – Life in CampIron County Heritage Area
The railroad pushed into northern Wisconsin in the 1870s, opening the deep forests for harvest. Now hardwoods such as maple, oak, spruce, cedar, balsam, birch and aspen could be cut. More logs could be shipped by rail than by water so more men . . . — Map (db m59480) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line – Nelson Camp 1 (1925-1930)Iron County Heritage Area
This camp was Carl Nelson’s headquarters camp. From this camp, he directed the woods operations and sent rail cars of timber south to the main line at Camp 8. While all of the buildings are gone, artifacts found at the site tell a story of what . . . — Map (db m59481) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line – Nelson Camp 1 (1925-1930)Iron County Heritage Area
Large, heavy cable remains from the pulley system (called a jammer), used to load the logs from the landing into the rail cars. Stove parts, railroad ties, a wash tub and glass bottles suggest a long term camp with railroad connections. . . . — Map (db m59482) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Mercer — Roddis Line – Turtle-Flambeau DamIron County Heritage Area
In 1925, the Chippewa and Flambeau Improvement Company began construction on a dam to create a water reservoir for hydroelectric power, where the Turtle, Manitowish, and Flambeau rivers join. The Roddis company owned land in the area, which . . . — Map (db m59476) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Montreal — Flambeau Trail – Flambeau Trail CrossingIron County Heritage Area
You are standing on the ancient Flambeau Trail, an important route for commerce for Native Americans, voyagers, and explorers travelling between settlements at LaPointe on Madeline Island and Lac du Flambeau 90 miles to the south.

Until . . . — Map (db m45096) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Montreal — George W. SullivanTeacher
The son of Irish immigrant parents was born in New York July 5, 1882. After graduating from the U. of New York he ventured to Montreal in 1906 when the town and iron ore mining were in their infancies. He served as a teacher and Principal at the OLD . . . — Map (db m40933) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Montreal — Montreal Trails – The Montreal MineIron County Heritage Area
1884 . . . The rush was on to discover “red gold” on the Penokee Range! Speculators, miners and immigrants flocked to this area seeking their fortune in iron ore. Established as a small open pit mine in 1885 by the Oglebay-Norton Mining . . . — Map (db m45158) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Montreal — Penokee Iron Range Trail – A Company TownIron County Heritage Area
Neat white frame houses, gently curving streets, and gracious landscaping mark the City of Montreal – the only planned mining company town in Wisconsin.

In 1921 the Oglebay-Norton Mining Company designed a community that would provide . . . — Map (db m45408) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Montreal — Penokee Iron Range Trail – Gile FallsIron County Heritage Area
Mining Upside Down

The large tailing piles across the river from Gile Falls are waste rock left from its mining at the Montreal Mine #5 Shaft.

The Montreal Mine’s vertical shaft extended to the depth of nearly one mile . . . — Map (db m46689) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Montreal — Penokee Iron Range Trail – Montreal LocationIron County Heritage Area
You are standing in the architectural complex that supported iron mining at the Montreal Mine #5 Shaft – the heart of the mining community known as “Montreal Location.”

The huge native field stone building served as the . . . — Map (db m45411) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Montreal — 77 — The City of MontrealSite of the World’s Deepest Iron Mine
The City of Montreal, incorporated in 1924, known for a short time as the Village of Hamilton, is a combination of the communities of Montreal and Gile. Gile, on the river, was the center of the area’s timber industries. The largest, the . . . — Map (db m40932) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Pence — Penokee Iron Range Trail - Plummer LocationIron County Heritage Area
Along this trail are the “ruins” of the buildings that made up the Plummer Mine Location. Each structure had a special function.

Steam power, created at the boiler House, turned the Hoisting Engine. In the early 1920’s, electricity . . . — Map (db m45417) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Pence — Penokee Iron Range Trail - Plummer MineIron County Heritage Area
Plummer Mine Headframe Interpretive Park Dedicated to the iron miners and their families who helped build the Penokee Iron Range — Map (db m45418) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Pence — Penokee Iron Range Trail - Plummer Mine Geologic Layer CakeIron County Heritage Area
Between 1 to 1 1/2 million years ago sediments of slate and cherty iron carbonates were laid down on top of the granite and greenstone bedrock covering this area. Molten lava flowed over the land, seeping into the great cracks on the surface . . . — Map (db m45414) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Saxon — Apostle Islands National Lakeshore
Apostle Islands Scenic View You are looking out over the Chequamegon Bay region and Apostle Islands which comprises 22 Islands that form an archipelago about 30 miles long and 18 miles wide. All except one of the Islands (Long Island) are . . . — Map (db m125029) HM
Wisconsin (Iron County), Saxon Harbor — Flambeau Trail – Gateway to the Flambeau TrailIron County Heritage Area
The most popular gateway to the Flambeau Trail started here, on the shore of Oronto Bay. Also known as the “Montreal River Trail”, it was the only route inland into the dense virgin forest until the late 1880’s.

The Trail was an . . . — Map (db m45095) HM

Wisconsin (Iron County), Springstead — Pinery Road - The LegendIron County Heritage Area
"An old Indian legend says that Bearskull Lake is sacred. Any white man who had anything to do with the lake or its vicinity will have everlasting ill fortune." In 1904, a tornado ripped through this area, toppling the last great stands . . . — Map (db m59484) HM

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