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The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, by Markers
 
The Battle of Richmond Knocked at Berea's Door Marker image, Touch for more information
By Lee Hattabaugh, May 6, 2010
The Battle of Richmond Knocked at Berea's Door Marker
Kentucky (Madison County), Berea — The Battle of Richmond Knocked at Berea's Door
(front): Civil War troop movements through Berea were common prior to the Aug. 29-30, 1862, Battle of Richmond. Military traffic in and near Berea caused villagers to hear the Civil War "knocking at their east door." At Big Hill on the Old . . . — Map (db m30428) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — 1905 — Merritt Jones/Wayside Tavern / Jones Tavern/CSA Cemetery
(Front): A log tavern down this lane was by 1830s an overnight stop on the Old State Road from Cumberland Gap to Lexington. The older half of building dates back to ca. 1800. During Civil War, Jones Tavern was alternately held by Confederate . . . — Map (db m30986) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — Confederate Cemetery Battle of Richmond Tour Station
Until 1972 these graves were marked with only small rough field stones which are still in place along with the newer Veterans Administration markers. Research by Dr. John B. Floyd, Jr., revealed the names of the soldiers buried here. Since it is not . . . — Map (db m30987) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — 514 — Civil War Action
Aug. 23, 1862. Col. Scott's La. Cavalry, of Gen. Kirby Smith's invading army from Tenn., routed Col. Metcalfe and Union troops. Approaching Richond as USA army arrived, Scott went back to Camp Wildcat, then joined Smith in Richmond victory, Aug. 30, . . . — Map (db m15686) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle Begins August 30, 1862
The Battle of Richmond began in the early morning hours of August 30, 1862. Near this site Confederate cavalry pushed Union pickets north - toward the main Union line. Confederate Gen. Patrick Cleburne placed his artillery to the southeast, on a . . . — Map (db m31625) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Slavery at Pleasant View Farm
Never a plantation Pleasant View Farm had its beginnings in 1801 when Joseph Barnett bought 578 acres on the Hayes Fork of Silver Creek. By 1824 he had constructed the brick house that stands today. About the same time, Barnett is believed . . . — Map (db m31624) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle of Richmond August 29-30, 1862
In the summer of 1862 the Confederacy took the offensive Robert E. Lee's army advanced into Maryland. Sterling Price and Earl Van Dorn's armies marched toward Corinth, Mississippi. Braxton Bragg and Kirby Smith moved out of Tennessee and into . . . — Map (db m31622) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond Phase One - Kingston
"The rebels had succeeded in out flanking us, and we were now under a terrible cross-fire from three sides...while their batteries still played upon us with their deadly meteors." Lt. Col. James R. S. Cox, 16th Indiana In the early morning . . . — Map (db m31621) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1825 — Civil War Field Hospital
(Front): Built in 1852, this building was adjacent to location of the Battle of Richmond, Aug. 29-30, 1862, and became field hospital for Gen. Wm. Nelson's 1st and 2nd brigades, USA. Mortality was high, and about forty Union soldiers were . . . — Map (db m31471) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Mt. Zion Church - Field Hospital
THE SANCTUARY BECAME A SURGERY On the day of the battle, August 30, 1862, the temperature hovered near 100 degrees. As the battle raged, ambulances drawn by sweating horses raced into the churchyard, bringing more and . . . — Map (db m31470) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Manson's First Line
Gen. Mahlon D. Manson marched south along the Old State Road (US 421) from Richmond seeking the Confederate army. As he topped the hill where Mt. Zion Church stands he began to deploy his army. Using the road as his guide, he deployed his . . . — Map (db m31627) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Confederates Crush The Union Left
On August 30, 1862, the end of the Union line was anchored on the small knoll overlooking the wooded ravine on its left. From there, the line stretched to the right across US 421. It ended just south of Mt. Zion Church, the brick building on the far . . . — Map (db m31626) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond Kiosk 2
(Side 1): An Inexperienced Army Gen. Mahlon Manson's brigade had almost no combat experience. The "grizzled veterans" of the brigade were the 18th Kentucky. Detachments of the regiment had fought at the Battle of Cynthiana in July and . . . — Map (db m31384) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General Mahlon Manson
Crawfordsville, Indiana Mahlon Dickerson Manson spent his first years near Piqua, Ohio, where he was born in 1820. When Mahlon was twelve his family moved to Indiana. After studying pharmacy Manson opened a drug store in Crawfordsville. He left . . . — Map (db m86286) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (March 16, 1828 - November 30, 1864)
The most well-known participant in the Battle of Richmond was General Patrick Cleburne, a charismatic young officer who rose rapidly through the Confederate ranks. In the fall of 1861, less than six months after entering Confederate service, . . . — Map (db m140465) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond Masonic Memorial
Dedicated to the many brothers of the Masonic fraternity, both Union and Confederate, who gallantly fought during the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky August 29 & 30, 1862 Richmond Lodge No. 25 Madison Lodge No. 183 Kingston Lodge No. 315 . . . — Map (db m30985) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Fight at Rogersville August 29, 1862
"On the 29th I made a reconnaissance of the enemy with my whole command." Col. John Scott, 1st Louisiana Cavalry Gen. Mahlon Manson was south of Richmond when he received word that Confederate cavalry was to his south. Manson marched his . . . — Map (db m31510) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle of Richmond
August 23, 1862 BIG HILL Confederate Col. John Scott's cavalry defeats cavalry commanded by Col. Leonidas Metcalfe near the Cox house on Big Hill. The Confederate victory opens the road to Richmond. August 29, 1862 . . . — Map (db m86279) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Rally, boys! Rally to the Colors!"
After the early morning engagement near Mt. Zion Church both sides regrouped. Manson deployed the Union forces here at Duncannon Road, placing his brigade on the east side of the Old State Road (US 421) and Gen. Cruft's brigade on the west side. . . . — Map (db m86281) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Defeat and Destruction Seemed Inevitable"
The Confederates wasted little time in exploiting the gap between Manson and Cruft. "The order then reached us to move across to that portion of the field in double-quick," wrote Col. Benjamin J. Hill. The Union artillery opened fire on . . . — Map (db m86282) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Generals
Union Mahlon Dickerson Manson (1818-1895) An apothecary turned politician, Mahlon Dickerson Manson served as a captain in the Mexican War. He enlisted as a private when the Civil War began but was soon promoted to colonel. Manson fought at . . . — Map (db m86280) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Race to Richmond
The Union Line Breaks The Confederates destroyed the Union line at Duncannon Road. They hit Cruft's brigade with a rolling musket volley, reloaded, jumped the fence and scattered his line. Manson's brigade fared no better. The 71st Indiana . . . — Map (db m130412) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond, Ky. August 29-30, 1862
(Front): Confederates: 12,000 Infantry, 4,000 Cavalry Federals: 7,000 Infantry Generals Confederate, E. Kirby Smith Federal, William Nelson, M.D. Manson Losses Confederate, 75 killed, 200 wounded Federal, 206 killed, 844 . . . — Map (db m30989) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond Kiosk 1
(Side 1): Nelson Takes Command The day after the battle at Big Hill, August 24, Gen. Horatio Wright, Commander of the Department of the Ohio, ordered Gen. William Nelson not to fight at Richmond unless he was sure of success. "Better fall . . . — Map (db m31459) HM

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