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Historical Markers in Russell County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Russell County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Russell County, VA (13) Buchanan County, VA (3) Dickenson County, VA (18) Scott County, VA (31) Smyth County, VA (62) Tazewell County, VA (29) Washington County, VA (107) Wise County, VA (25)  RussellCounty(13) Russell County (13)  BuchananCounty(3) Buchanan County (3)  DickensonCounty(18) Dickenson County (18)  ScottCounty(31) Scott County (31)  SmythCounty(62) Smyth County (62)  TazewellCounty(29) Tazewell County (29)  WashingtonCounty(107) Washington County (107)  WiseCounty(25) Wise County (25)
Lebanon is the county seat for Russell County
Adjacent to Russell County, Virginia
      Buchanan County (3)  
      Dickenson County (18)  
      Scott County (31)  
      Smyth County (62)  
      Tazewell County (29)  
      Washington County (107)  
      Wise County (25)  
 
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1Virginia (Russell County), Belfast Mills — XY-17 — Smith’s Fort
Near here, in 1774, stood Daniel Smith’s fort, also known as Fort Christian. The fort was named for Smith, who was a surveyor and captain of the military company on Upper Clinch River.Map (db m89861) HM
2Virginia (Russell County), Castlewood — X-7 — Russell’s Fort
On the hill to the north stood Russell’s Fort, an important link in the chain of forts built to protect settlers on Clinch River in the Indian War of 1774. William Russell, who established it, was a prominent soldier of the Revolution.Map (db m89826) HM
3Virginia (Russell County), Council — XB-26 — Helen Timmons Henderson(1877–1925)
Helen Timmons Henderson, born in Missouri and raised in Tennessee, was one of the first two women elected to Virginia’s General Assembly. She and her husband moved to Council in 1911 when the Baptist State Mission Board of Virginia recruited . . . Map (db m104934) HM
4Virginia (Russell County), Dickensonville — KA-13 — Dorton’s Fort
William Dorton Sr. and his family, settled here by 1773 and built a fort, one of several defensive structures built by settlers of European descent on the Virginia frontier. Dorton's sons William Jr. Moses fought in the Revolutionary War and . . . Map (db m89847) HM
5Virginia (Russell County), Dickensonville — Jessee’s Mill
Jessee's mill is 2.5 miles north on Jessee’s Mill Road. The first grindstone mill, mortarless dam, and millrace were built before 1794. John Jessee, Revolutionary War musician and infantryman, purchased the mill and lands in 1724. Handmade . . . Map (db m91038) HM
6Virginia (Russell County), Dickensonville — X-4 — Old Russell County Courthouse
This building, erected in 1792, served as the second courthouse of Russell County and is one of the earliest public buildings still standing in Southwest Virginia. Russell County was formed in 1786 from Washington County and originally . . . Map (db m91034) HM
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7Virginia (Russell County), Elk Garden — X-9 — Elk Garden Fort
South of here stood Elk Garden Fort, built in 1774 to protect settlers of European descent along the upper Clinch River. Conflict between Indians and settlers intensified early in the 1770s as Shawnee and Mingo resisted white occupation. In June . . . Map (db m89859) HM
8Virginia (Russell County), Elk Garden — X-3 — Frances Dickenson Scott Johnson
Near this site is the grave of Frances Dickenson Scott Johnson (died 1796), sister of Henry Dickenson who was the first clerk of Russell County. In 1785, while living in Powell’s Valley in Scott County, her first husband, Archibald Scott, and . . . Map (db m91048) HM
9Virginia (Russell County), Grassy Creek — X-5 — Early Settlers in Russell County
In 1787, Isaiah Salyer (1752-1818), son of Zachariah Salyer (1730-1789) of North Carolina settled on Copper Creek, two miles southeast of here. Isaiah's brothers John, Benjamin, and Zachariah, and sisters Sarah, wife of Solomon Saylor, and . . . Map (db m89849) HM
10Virginia (Russell County), Honaker — The Home and Grave of David MusickPioneer Settler, and Victim of Indian Atrocity
Musick was killed by Shawnee Indians August 12, 1792. His wife, Annie, and five children were taken captives, but were returned by White Settlers one day later. His grave marker is located about 100 yards south of here, and home site about 200 yard . . . Map (db m104943) HM
11Virginia (Russell County), Lebanon — X-8 — Glade Hollow Fort
A short distance south stood Glade Hollow Fort, garrisoned by twenty-one men in 1774. From Witten’s to Blackmore’s, these Clinch Valley forts were the frontier defenses in Dunmore’s War, 1774.Map (db m89856) HM
12Virginia (Russell County), Lebanon — X-6 — Russell Courthouse
The county government was organized at Russell’s Fort, May 9, 1786, with the following officers: Alexander Barnett, County Lieutenant; David Ward, Sheriff; Henry Dickenson, Clerk. Justices: Henry Smith, Henry Dickenson, David Ward, John Thompson, . . . Map (db m91042) HM
13Virginia (Russell County), Mew — X-18 — Moore’s Fort
Moore’s Fort, also referred to as Byrd’s Fort, stood nearby close to the Clinch River. Built by 1774 and likely named for the owners of the property, the wooden structure served as defensive fortification for settlers of European descent on the . . . Map (db m89811) HM
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Dec. 2, 2022