“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Cassia County, Idaho

Clickable Map of Cassia County, Idaho and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Cassia County, ID (37) Blaine County, ID (19) Jerome County, ID (14) Minidoka County, ID (3) Oneida County, ID (5) Power County, ID (14) Twin Falls County, ID (41) Elko County, NV (60) Box Elder County, UT (67)  CassiaCounty(37) Cassia County (37)  BlaineCounty(19) Blaine County (19)  JeromeCounty(14) Jerome County (14)  MinidokaCounty(3) Minidoka County (3)  OneidaCounty(5) Oneida County (5)  PowerCounty(14) Power County (14)  TwinFallsCounty(41) Twin Falls County (41)  ElkoCountyNevada(60) Elko County (60)  BoxElderCountyUtah(67) Box Elder County (67)
Burley is the county seat for Cassia County
Adjacent to Cassia County, Idaho
      Blaine County (19)  
      Jerome County (14)  
      Minidoka County (3)  
      Oneida County (5)  
      Power County (14)  
      Twin Falls County (41)  
      Elko County, Nevada (60)  
      Box Elder County, Utah (67)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Idaho, Cassia County, Albion — 490 — Albion State Normal School
Established in March, 1893, by the Second Idaho State Legislature. Residents of Albion erected and furnished a two-story stone building on five acres of donated land, and the very successful teacher-training school opened on September 11, . . . Map (db m138484) HM
2 Idaho, Cassia County, Albion — Cassia County CourthouseFrontier Law in Cassia County
The year was 1885 when Cassia County purchased an unfinished hovel for its first courthouse. Idaho was still a territory - a place where disagreements were at times decided by the business end of a gun. Sparked by disputes between cattle and . . . Map (db m124028) HM
3 Idaho, Cassia County, Albion — 306 — Diamondfield Jack
J.L. Davis... Diamondfield Jack... spent most of 6 years in the Cassia County jail while the courts and pardon board were trying to figure out what to do with him. By far the best known of the gunmen who fought in Idaho's sheep and cattle wars, he . . . Map (db m31639) HM
4 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — A Pleasant Place
Surrounded by high Rocky and very ragged looking mountains -- this valley we take the liberty to call Pleasant Valley, as it is a very good and pleasant for camping. -- Leander V. Loomis, circa 1850, describing the Circle Creek Basin. . . . Map (db m123961) HM
5 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — C-12 — California Trail - Granite Pass
"At the entrance of the pass was a pleasant little spring & fine branch." - Wakeman Bryarly, Jul 20, 1849 Guidebook available Trails West Inc, P.O. Box 12045 Reno NV 89510 Map (db m138456) HM
6 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — C-7 — California Trail - Nearing City of Rocks
"We enter a gorge of the hills which in a short time brings us to a large ampitheatre surrounded with rock of every kind of fanciful character." -- Joseph Middleton Aug 26, 1849 Guidebook Available Trails West Inc. P.O. Box 12045, Reno . . . Map (db m123955) HM
7 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — C-9 — California Trail -- Pinnacle Pass
"A ride ... brought us to the outlet of this romantic vale, a very narrow pass - just wide enough for a wagon, and on either side very high, jagged and thin walls of granite ... called the 'Pinnacle Pass'" - J.G. Bruff, Aug 29, 1849 . . . Map (db m123990) HM
8 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — C-8 — California Trail -- Silent City of Rocks
"The gray granit rocks stand in pyramid monument & dome forms., here & there towering aloft. The road winds along between them. Emigrants names are written ... on these curious structures" -- Augustus Ripley Burbank, Aug 4, 1849 Guidebook . . . Map (db m123987) HM
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9 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — C-10 — California Trail - Trail Junction
. . . Map (db m124002) HM
10 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Camped...
...with a wide plain at our left and high mountains at our right and being within sight of the...Salt Lake Route which road intersects our trail seven miles further on. - Emigrant journal entry (Lewis), circa 1850, describing their camp . . . Map (db m123953) HM
11 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Distant Views
This vast scene holds many intriguing stories. If the land could speak, it would tell of pioneers and wagons crossing the wide Ralf River Valley from Strevell Pass to Emigrant Canyon bound for California in 1843-1882. The land would speak of stage . . . Map (db m123956) HM
12 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Fading Away
There are thousands of names here I registered on a large Rock. -- Richard Augustus Keen at City of Rocks, June 22, 1852 Throughout the West emigrants recorded their passing by writing their names -- often with axle grease -- at unique . . . Map (db m123960) HM
13 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Horrible Indian MassacreAlmo Idaho
Dedicated to the Memory Of those who lost their lives in a most Horrible Indian Massacre 1861 Three hundred immigrants west bound Only five escapedMap (db m119536) HM
14 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Passing Through
At City of Rocks we were met with all kinds of Christmas greeting ... we sat down to a Christmas dinner that only youth and vigor could do justice to.... Jim has erected a Christmas tree, and decorated it with cranberries and pop corn, and on it . . . Map (db m124001) HM
15 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Pinnacle Pass
After dinner a ride of 2 miles brought us to the outlet of this romantic vale, a very narrow pass, just wide enough for a wagon, and on either side very high, jagged. and thin walls of granite.... This is called the "Pinnacle Pass." -- J. . . . Map (db m123988) HM
16 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Replica Wagon
That this perilous, the deaths of many I passed the fresh made graves, I have glanced at the side boards of the wagon, not knowing how soon it might serve as a coffin for some one of us. Lodisa Frizzell, 1852 . . . Map (db m123952) HM
17 Idaho, Cassia County, Almo — Twin Sisters
They rise in a cone-like form from the bottom of the valley to a height of from 400 to 600 feet they are round and quite regular in form, tapering gradually to a point. -- Emigrant journal entry (Sawyer) describing the Twin Sisters, circa . . . Map (db m123994) HM
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18 Idaho, Cassia County, Burley — 208 — Milner Dam
When completed in 1904, Milner Dam raised Snake River 38 feet to divert water into major north and south side canals. A gravity system unmatched in size in national reclamation development, this project irrigates 360,000 acres of land. Twin . . . Map (db m31636) HM
19 Idaho, Cassia County, Burley — 28 — Starrh's Ferry
In 1880, George Starrh, a Snake River placer miner, started a ferry across Snake River one mile north of here. From 1880-2, freighters hauling supplies for a mining rush to Wood River used Starrh's ferry (powered by river current when stiff winds . . . Map (db m31635) HM
20 Idaho, Cassia County, Burley — 75 — Starrh's Ferry
In the summer of 1880 George Starrh, a placer miner, established a ferry 4 miles west of the present city of Burley. Rich mineral mines had been discovered in the Wood River country and freight was hauled between the mines and Kelton, Utah, (the . . . Map (db m125404) HM
21 Idaho, Cassia County, Delco — C-1 — California Trail - Parting of the Ways
"The Oregon road take up the bluff and follows the course of the (Snake) river while we keep to the left and follow the creek (Raft River) nearly to its source. ... crossing the creek we followed up the bottom" -- Byron McKinstry, Aug 1, 1850 . . . Map (db m123844) HM
22 Idaho, Cassia County, Delco — C-2 — California Trail - Raft River Recrossing
"Arrived at Raft River, crossed and nooned. ... traveled five miles up Raft River and camped after recrossing it. Grass in abundance and plenty of wood" -- Cyrus Loveland, Aug 3 1850 Guidebook Available Trails West Inc. P.O. Box 12045, . . . Map (db m123846) HM
23 Idaho, Cassia County, Delco — C-3 — California Trail - Raft River Valley
"We traveled up Raft River 16 miles. The road, water and grass, good. Entirely destitute of timber, except a little willow on the streams and the wild sage." -- Chester Ingersoll, Aug 13, 1847 Guidebook Available Trails West Inc. P.O. . . . Map (db m123848) HM
24 Idaho, Cassia County, Delco — 449 — Idahome
After wheat crops flourished in the dry farm area, Idahome sprang up here in 1916 as a railroad terminal. Irrigation projects boosted its Economy. When wheat farms disappeared and highway traffic replaced rail service here, Idahome became . . . Map (db m123849) HM
25 Idaho, Cassia County, Delco — 520 — Parting of the WaysCalifornia Road at Raft River
In 1811 the first white expedition to go through this area of the Snake River and the lower end of the Raft River Valley was the Wilson Price Hunt expedition from St. Louis to Astoria. However, the area was well known to the French and British . . . Map (db m123843) HM
26 Idaho, Cassia County, Elba — California TrailAn Epic Migration that Opened the West
"August 26, Sabbath." "... We got a late start traveled directly across the valley before us, (Almo Valley) amidst the best scenery we have seen since we have been among these hills. South, a high range of mountains (Raft River Mountains) . . . Map (db m123884) HM
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27 Idaho, Cassia County, Elba — C-5 — California Trail - Leaving Cassia Creek
"After crossing (Cassia Creek) we crossed a swamp, which required considerable persevering to get through safely. Three miles farther we encamped on the side of a hill, between two ranges of mountains" -- Wakeman Bryarly, Jul 18, 1849 . . . Map (db m123883) HM
28 Idaho, Cassia County, Elba — C-6 — California Trail - Summit Creek
"By an easy ascent reached a summit and as gradually descended to a valley (Upper Raft River Valley) of sage and sand sloping to the south east. The streams running towards the (Great) Salt Lake." Byron N. McKinstry, Aug 3, 1850 Guidebook . . . Map (db m123886) HM
29 Idaho, Cassia County, Malta — C-4 — California Trail - Cassia Creek
"We came onto the Subetts Cut Off road (Hudspeth Cutoff), or rather that cut off come onto our road which is the old and longest road." -- Henry Anable, Aug 7, 1852 Guidebook Available Trails West Inc. P.O. Box 12045, Reno NV . . . Map (db m123882) HM
30 Idaho, Cassia County, Malta — 169 — Hudspeth's Cutoff
This shortcut to the California goldfields, followed by most of the 49'ers, came out of the hills to the east and joined the old California trail just about here. Opened by "Messrs. Hudspeth & Myers, of the Jackson County, Missouri, Company," who . . . Map (db m31638) HM
31 Idaho, Cassia County, Malta — Mc Clendon SpringsHistorical Site on the California Trail
"Truly an Oasis in the Dessert" - John A Pritcherd July 6 1849 Elev. 4839Map (db m123880) HM
32 Idaho, Cassia County, Malta — 513 — Where Trails Meet - Raft River Valley Trails
The Raft River Valley was used by Native Americans as a place to hunt and winter because the snow didn't lie in the valley and there was good water and plenty of grass for the animals. British and American trappers, Peter Skene Ogden, Milton . . . Map (db m123881) HM
33 Idaho, Cassia County, Oakley — C-11 — California Trail - Prairie Valley
"The moon just rising above the mountains, throwing mild light over the valley & opposite mountain, formed a beautiful scene of prairie mountain life." -- Hugh Brown Heiskell, Sep 3, 1849 Guidebook Available Trails West Inc. P.O. Box . . . Map (db m124026) HM
34 Idaho, Cassia County, Oakley — Cassia County Jail
Original Cassia County Jail cells where Diamondfield Jack was held in Albion from March 1897 to February 1899. The jail was moved to Oakley after the jail here burned. Map (db m138483) HM
35 Idaho, Cassia County, Oakley — 344 — City of Rocks
A vast display of towering granite rocks (16 miles southeast of here) attracted emigrants who were on their way to California. A gold rush visitor, July 14, 1849, reported that "you can imagine among these massive piles, church domes, spires, . . . Map (db m31637) HM
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36 Idaho, Cassia County, Oakley — Granite Pass
One day west of the City of Rocks: Never saw such dust! In some places it was actually to the top of the forewheels! Fine white dust; more like flour. Our men were a perfect fright, being literally covered. -- Emigrant journal entry, circa . . . Map (db m124025) HM
37 Idaho, Cassia County, Oakley — 355 — Oakley Tabernacle
In April 1879 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from Tooele, Utah, under direction of Wm. E. Martindale, arrived in Oakley where James Dayley and his two sons had staked claims and built cabins. On Sept. 24, 1882, the Saints . . . Map (db m138482) HM
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Oct. 1, 2023