“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fairfax, Virginia

Clickable Map of Fairfax, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fairfax Ind. City, VA (48) Fairfax County, VA (708)  Fairfax(48) Fairfax (48)  FairfaxCounty(708) Fairfax County (708)
Adjacent to Fairfax, Virginia
      Fairfax County (708)  
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1 Virginia, Fairfax — Arlington-Fairfax Electric Railway
The Arlington-Fairfax Line connected Fairfax with Washington D.C. from 1904-1939 and briefly terminated near this location until 1908 when it was extended to the courthouse after the original station was destroyed by fire. The new stop . . . Map (db m76716) HM
2 Virginia, Fairfax — B-261 — Birthplace of the Confederate Battle Flag Reported missing
During the First Battle of Manassas, amid the smoke of combat, troops found it difficult to distinguish between Union and Confederate flags. Generals P.G.T. Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnston and Quartermaster General William L. Cabell met near here in . . . Map (db m101514) HM
3 Virginia, Fairfax — Blenheim (Willcoxon Farm)Civil War Soldier Art
Blenheim, built for Albert and Mary Willcoxon about 1859, contains some of the nation’s best-preserved Civil War soldier writings. More than 110 identified Union soldiers, representing units from New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, West . . . Map (db m21077) HM
4 Virginia, Fairfax — 3 — Blenheim HouseHistoric Blenheim
“… a brick building recently erected and fitted up in handsome style…”Richmand Daily Dispatch, August 9, 1861
In 1855, fire consumed an earlier house on this site. Owner Albert Willcoxon had no insurance; so upon . . . Map (db m28608) HM
5 Virginia, Fairfax — 5 — Boxwood GardenHistoric Blenheim
"She is establishing a reputation as the blue ribbon girl." William Scott, October 8, 1968
So wrote William Scott when his wife, Barbara, won two blue ribbons at a Fairfax Garden Club show. . . . Map (db m197395) HM
6 Virginia, Fairfax — City of Fairfax Community Services and Recreation
The City of Fairfax — since its settlement in the 1700s — has been at the heart of Northern Virginia's government and business activities. Home to more than 20,000 residents and 23,000 business and government employees, Fairfax is an independent . . . Map (db m197034) HM
7 Virginia, Fairfax — City of Fairfax Veterans Amphitheater
Dedicated to all Service Members who served in all wars, and especially to those who gave their lives in order that our great nation will always remain “The Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave.” Dedicated 20 June 1991 . . . Map (db m178655) WM
8 Virginia, Fairfax — Confederate Dead
From Fairfax to Appomattox 1861 - 1865. Erected to the memory of the gallant sons of Fairfax, whose names are inscribed on this monument; but whose bodies lie buried on distant battle-fields; and to the memory of their 200 unknown . . . Map (db m218373) WM
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9 Virginia, Fairfax — Confederate MemorialDedicated 1890 — Old Town Fairfax —
It was erected to the memory of "the gallant sons of Fairfax whose names are inscribed on this monument but whose bodies lie buried on distant battlefields and their 200 unknown comrades whose remains are at rest under this mound."Map (db m218374) HM
10 Virginia, Fairfax — 2 — Dairy Barn ComplexHistoric Blenheim
“The outlook for agriculture in Fairfax is dismal.”County Agent R.B. Davis, Jr., 1946
Why was Davis so pessimistic? As he wrote, Blenheim owner Marguerite “Daisy” Duras’s diary cows were setting production records. . . . Map (db m25842) HM
11 Virginia, Fairfax — Dr. William Gunnell HouseBuilt c.1835 — Old Town Fairfax —
It was in this house that Ranger John Mosby captured the Union area commander Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, in bed, the night of March 9, 1863.Map (db m6233) HM
12 Virginia, Fairfax — Draper HouseBuilt c.1820 — Old Town Fairfax —
Built by Dr. Samuel Draper, this house probably served as his office and examining rooms. Many of the buildings adjoining the house were constructed as out-buildings.Map (db m6298) HM
13 Virginia, Fairfax — Draper House1821
Built by Dr. Simeon and Catherine (Wilkinson) Draper on a lot leased from town founder Richard Ratcliffe, this is the second oldest home still standing in the Old Town Fairfax Historic District. Catherine's sister was Matilda Wilkinson, the . . . Map (db m8226) HM
14 Virginia, Fairfax — Efe Quality HouseBuilt 1930 — Old Town Fairfax —
The home was built on top of the Manassas Gap Railway right-of-way which was the railway started before the Civil War. This railway construction was disbanded during the Civil War. The house was renovated in 1992 by Dr. Johnson A. Edosomwan.Map (db m6296) HM
15 Virginia, Fairfax — FairfaxSpies, Mosby and Marr
On June 1. 1861, the first major skirmish of the Civil War occurred on the main street of Fairfax Court House. In the pre-dawn hours 50 men of Co. B, Second U.S. Cavalry, led by Lt. Charles H. Tomkins, rode into town firing their weapons. As . . . Map (db m626) HM
16 Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Hay & Grain StoreBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
This vernacular, commercial building is a typical example of construction at the turn of the century.Map (db m6286) HM
17 Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Herald & Print ShopBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
The Fairfax Herald was established in 1882 by Capt. S. R. Donohoe, who, in 1904 moved it to this small, one-story frame structure. The Herald remained in operation until 1966.Map (db m129153) HM
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18 Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Rosenwald School
The Fairfax Rosenwald School or “Fairfax Colored School” was constructed in 1925–26 on this site. It replaced an earlier African-American school on Main Street east of the Fairfax Cemetery. In 1917, Julius Rosenwald, president of . . . Map (db m29482) HM
19 Virginia, Fairfax — Ford BuildingBuilt c. 1835 — Old Town Fairfax —
This was the home of Antonia Ford, imprisoned as a spy following Ranger Mosby's night capture of the local Union commander, Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, March 9, 1863. A search of the house had revealed an honorary aide-de-camp commission to . . . Map (db m6366) HM
20 Virginia, Fairfax — Gen. Corcoran
General Michael Corcoran died at the W. P. Gunnell House near here on 22 Dec. 1863 after being thrown from a runaway horse on Ox Road, a quarter mile to the south. Corcoran headed all area Washington Defense Department forces at the time. Corcoran . . . Map (db m76725) HM
21 Virginia, Fairfax — 6 — Grandma's CottageHistoric Blenheim
Margaret Conn Willcoxon Farr, known as "Grandma Farr" lived in "Grandma's Cottage" from about 1867 until her death in 1904. At that time, the house stood at its original location at the northeast corner of Main and North Streets. A sister of . . . Map (db m197422) HM
22 Virginia, Fairfax — Harold's Court
Harold Skeins, Sr. grew up in a small town in Marmet, WV. After enlisting in the U.S. army, Harold ended up in Fairfax City, where he met his wife Patricia (Pat) and raised their family. As far as anyone can remember Harold always carried a . . . Map (db m197290) HM
23 Virginia, Fairfax — 1 — Historic Blenheim
A family farm, a Civil War encampment site, and a country home, Historic Blenheim now welcomes visitors to explore its landscape and many stories. Over 200 years ago, family patriarch Rezin Willcoxon moved here from Prince Georges County, . . . Map (db m24662) HM
24 Virginia, Fairfax — Historic Fairfax Elementary SchoolBuilt 1873 — Old Town Fairfax —
This is the oldest, two-story, brick public school house in Fairfax County. Bricks were made from a clay pit on the Farr property across Main St. The original portion of this structure, the rear, was built for then considered exorbitant cost of . . . Map (db m6303) HM
25 Virginia, Fairfax — Joshua Gunnell HouseBuilt c.1830 — Old Town Fairfax —
The first skirmish of the Civil War occurred on Main Street June 1, 1861. Ex-Governor, "Extra Billy" Smith, a civilian, ran from this house to take charge of the Warrenton Rifles. Their commanding officer, Capt. John Quincy Marr, had been killed, . . . Map (db m6258) HM
26 Virginia, Fairfax — Manassas Gap Railroad
Cuts and fills of the Independent Line of the Manassas Gap Railroad are visible along this line and at various places through Fairfax County to Sudley Ford on Bull Run. Running north of the Little River Turnpike from Annandale and along North Street . . . Map (db m132720) HM
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27 Virginia, Fairfax — Moore HouseBuilt c.1840 — Old Town Fairfax —
During his March 1863 raid, Ranger John S. Mosby searched here, with no success, for the Union mercenary Col. Percy Wyndham who had called Mosby a horse thief. Mosby had replied that the only horses he had ever stolen had Union troopers on their . . . Map (db m168981) HM
28 Virginia, Fairfax — Mosby
Here on the night of March 8th, 1863, Col. John Singleton Mosby with 29 Confederate soldiers penetrated the Union lines of 3000 men and captured in the brick dwelling north of this spot Brig. General Edwin H. Stoughton, U.S.A., with 100 prisoners . . . Map (db m6246) HM
29 Virginia, Fairfax — B-26 — Mosby’s Midnight Raid
Col. John Singleton Mosby formed the 43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry “to weaken the armies invading Virginia by harassing their rear.” Near midnight on 8 March 1863, he led his horsemen undetected through Union lines to disrupt communications . . . Map (db m5086) HM
30 Virginia, Fairfax — Nickell's HardwareBuilt 1895 — Old Town Fairfax —
An example of venacular commercial architecture, a popular construction type at the turn of the century.Map (db m6278) HM
31 Virginia, Fairfax — Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority
In the late 1950s, the Northern Virginia Planning District Commission and a group of citizens from several local jurisdictions came together to protect Northern Virginia's rich heritage of woods, meadows, lakes and streams from the threat of . . . Map (db m197049) HM
32 Virginia, Fairfax — Old Baptismal Area
Local residents recall the period through the 1930s when Mount Calvary Baptist Church regularly conducted baptismal services in the Accotink Branch, in the pool formed at its confluence with the Tussico. White-robed candidates were immersed by the . . . Map (db m173605) HM
33 Virginia, Fairfax — Old Fairfax High School
This building opened in 1935 as the first 4-year "Fairfax High School," becoming the largest consolidated high school in the county as the Oakton and Clifton High Schools were closed. It closed in 1972 when the new school opened on Old Lee Highway. . . . Map (db m115864) HM
34 Virginia, Fairfax — Old Town HallBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
Joseph E. Willard, who served as lieutenant governor of Virginia and minister to Spain, built Old Town Hall and gave it to the town in 1900. He was said to have been the most influential political figure in Fairfax County at the turn of the century. . . . Map (db m6361) HM
35 Virginia, Fairfax — Peyton Anderson
Peyton Anderson of the Rappahannock Cavalry was severely wounded on picket duty 122 ft. N.W. of this spot May 27, 1861. The first soldier of the South to shed his blood for the Confederacy.Map (db m129267) HM WM
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36 Virginia, Fairfax — Pozer GardenOld Town Fairfax
Pozer Garden honors Kitty Barrett Pozer, who owned the adjacent historic Ratcliffe-Allison House from 1927 until she bequeathed it to the City at her death in 1981. Mrs. Pozer had a lifelong interest in horticulture and was the Washington Post's . . . Map (db m129149) HM
37 Virginia, Fairfax — Ralston's StoreBuilt 1895 — Old Town Fairfax —
This vernacular, commercial building is a typical example of construction at the turn of the century.Map (db m6295) HM
38 Virginia, Fairfax — Ratcliffe Cemetery
Richard Ratcliffe (1752–1825) and wife Locian (1760–1826) are believed to be buried in this family cemetery along with their sons John, Samuel, Robert and Charles, and members of their respective families. Most tombstones found today are traceable . . . Map (db m76715) HM
39 Virginia, Fairfax — Ratcliffe-Allison House (Earp’s)Built 1812 — Old Town Fairfax —
This is the oldest house in the City of Fairfax and the first city-owned building to be placed on the National Register of Historic Places (1973). The oldest section of the house, the eastern portion, was built by Richard Ratcliffe around 1812 to . . . Map (db m6261) HM
40 Virginia, Fairfax — Richard Ratcliffeca. 1750-1825
"Richard Ratcliffe was a prominent area businessman and public spirited property owner. Through his efforts, the City of Fairfax, then known as the Town of Providence, began to grow and prosper in the late 18th century. In 1799, Mr. Ratcliffe sold . . . Map (db m197288) HM
41 Virginia, Fairfax — Richard Ratcliffe’s Mount Vineyard Plantation Reported permanently removed
On the knoll 70 yards NE of this marker, stood the home of Richard Ratcliffe (1751-1825). The mansion was on his 600-acre "Mount Vineyard," part of a 1714 land grant of 1,930 acres to George Mason II. In 1798 Ratcliffe donated 4 acres to the east of . . . Map (db m101513) HM
42 Virginia, Fairfax — Richard Ratcliffe's Mount Vineyard Plantation
On this site stood the home of Richard Ratcliffe (1751-1825). The mansion was on his 600-acre "Mount Vineyard," part of a 1714 land grant of 1,930 acres to George Mason II. In 1798 Ratcliffe donated 4 acres to the east of Mount Vineyard for the . . . Map (db m197292) HM
43 Virginia, Fairfax — The Battle of the Bulge
Dedicated to the gallant and victorious men and women who participated in the Battle of the Bulge, World War II, 16 Dec 1944 thru 25 Jan 1945, in Belgium and Luxembourg. The greatest battle was fought by the United States Army, Presented by the . . . Map (db m178641) WM
44 Virginia, Fairfax — The Sauls HouseBuilt 1892
This charming 1892 Queen Anne Victorian House was the residence of Mary C. (Litchfield) Sauls from 1892 to 1920. After Mary's death, Mary's son, Hugh Grafton Sauls (1876-1948) and his wife Clara May (Ferguson) Sauls (1875-1972) continued to occupy . . . Map (db m129150) HM
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45 Virginia, Fairfax — Victorian Square AdditionBuilt 1986
Victorian Square Addition was completed in 1986 by the Lewis Family Associates adding additional retail shops and professional offices to 10389 Main Street.Map (db m129151) HM
46 Virginia, Fairfax — Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park
The 100-foot-wide Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park (W&OD Trail) features a 45-mile asphalt trail for walking, running, skating, bicycling and other activities and a 33-mile, parallel, gravel bridle path for horseback riding and . . . Map (db m197050) HM
47 Virginia, Fairfax — Whiteheads Mercantile & Post OfficeBuilt 1895
Whiteheads Mercantile & Post Office served as the grocery store and post office for the Town of Fairfax from 1895 to 1902. It was then purchased by Hugh Grafton Sauls and his brother Charles William Sauls and became Sauls Brothers Grocery from 1903 . . . Map (db m129152) HM
48 Virginia, Fairfax — 4 — Willcoxon Family CemeteryWho Is Buried Here? — Historic Blenheim —
Rezin Samuel Willcoxon purchased this parcel of land c. 1806. He and his wife, Betsey DeNeale Willcoxon (1780-1845) lived here with their 10 children. Rezin's gravestone (far left) notes his service as a captain of cavalry unit in . . . Map (db m197420) HM
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Dec. 10, 2023