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Historical Markers in Chippawa, Ontario

 
Battle of Chippawa Marker image, Touch for more information
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
Battle of Chippawa Marker
1Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Battle of Chippawa
[Text on the West Side]: Battle of Chippawa 5 July 1814 In memory of all those who fought on this ground, many of whom are buried nearby, and to commemorate the peace that has prevailed between Canada and the . . . Map (db m49393) HM
2Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1Background to a Battle
On these fields and the surrounding woods 4,000 American, British, Canadian and Native forces fought the first major battle of the Niagara campaign of 1814. When the last shots died away on Samuel Street's farm, more than 800 lay dead and wounded. . . . Map (db m49398) HM
3Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2Opening Strikes — July 5, 1814 3:00 p.m. —
At dawn 5 July 1814, parties of Canadian-Militia and British allied Native Warriors scouted the American camp. They began sniping from the bushes on the north side of Street's Creek and this continued throughout the morning. Around noon, General . . . Map (db m49399) HM
4Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 3Advance to Contact — July 5, 1814 3:30 p.m. —
Major General Phineas Riall, the British commander, had repaired the bridge over the Chippawa and ordered his own Regular light infantry, the local Canadians of the 2nd Lincoln Militia and a force of Native Warriors, to clear out the now scattered . . . Map (db m49400) HM
5Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 4Battle on the Plain — July 5, 1814 4:30 p.m. —
British General Riall was convinced that the greater part of Brown's army was still surrounding Fort Erie. He did not know the Fort had surrendered and he was facing the entire U.S. division. Still, the number of men deployed on both sides was . . . Map (db m49402) HM
6Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 5Final Stages — July 5, 1814 5:30 p.m. —
As the battle raged, more American artillery deployed to the middle of the plain between the 11th U.S. and the lone 25th U.S. company, less than 100 meters (109 yards) from the British line. General Brown then led Ripley's brigade across Street's . . . Map (db m49403) HM
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7Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 6The Aftermath
The Aftermath. In the days following the battle, General Brown's victorious troops advanced another 25 kilometers (18 miles) north to Fort George before retiring back to Niagara Falls when more British troops arrived in the area. They met the . . . Map (db m49404) HM
8Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Church of the Holy Trinity
A frame church was built here following the arrival in 1820 of an Anglican missionary, the Reverend William Leeming. It was burned on the night of September 12-13, 1839, by supporters of William Lyon Mackenzie who crossed the Niagara River from New . . . Map (db m78869) HM
9Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Fort Chippawa 1791
The fortifications which stood on this site were built in 1791 to protect the southern terminus of the Niagara portage road, and serve as a forwarding depot for government supplies. Known also as Fort Welland, the main structure consisted of a log . . . Map (db m49164) HM
10Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Navy IslandÎle Navy
The British used Navy Island from 1761 to 1764 as a shipyard in which to build the first British decked vessels to sail the upper lakes. These were essential in maintaining the supply lines westward during Pontiac's uprising, 1763-4. Thereafter the . . . Map (db m49052) HM
11Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Niagara River Remedial Action Plan
Niagara's beauty has been an inspiration for today's environmental movement. Early conservationists such as George Catlin and Frederick Olmstead, who invented the concept of national parks, came to view its wonders. Nurtured by such visions and . . . Map (db m64652) HM
12Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Raid on Fort Schlosser 1813
At daybreak on July 5, 1813, a British and Canadian force, consisting of some 35 militia and a small detachment of the 49th Regiment, embarked in this vicinity to attack Fort Schlosser. This American depot (now within Niagara Falls, New York) was . . . Map (db m49163) HM
13Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — The Battle of ChippawaLa Bataille de Chippawa
Here, on 5 July 1814, an American army under Major-General Jacob Brown launched the last major invasion of Canada during the War of 1812. The Americans defeated a British and Canadian force commanded by Major-General Phineas Riall consisting of . . . Map (db m49050) HM
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14Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — The Battle of Chippawa
On this site was fought The Battle of Chippawa July 5, 1814. Preservation of the Battleground was made possible by The Niagara Parks Commission with the cooperation of Frank and Mildred Branscombe, River Realty . . . Map (db m49460) HM
15Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — The Destruction of The Caroline, 1837
On the night of December 29-30, 1837, some 60 volunteers acting on the orders of Col. Allen Napier MacNab, and commanded by Capt. Andrew Drew, R.N., set out from Chippawa in small boats to capture the American steamer "Caroline". That vessel, which . . . Map (db m64651) HM
16Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — The Founding of Chippawa
In 1792-94 a village grew up near Fort Chippawa on Chippawa Creek at the end of the new portage road from Queenston. In 1793 the creek was renamed the Welland River, but the village, where a post-office was opened before 1801, remained "Chippawa". . . . Map (db m54124) HM
 
 
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Nov. 28, 2022