“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Mormon Battalion Historical Markers

Marker series co-sponsored by the Latter Day Saints highlighting the exploits of the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican American War.
Mormon Battalion Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Kirchner, February 19, 2010
Mormon Battalion Marker
1 Arizona, Cochise County, Benson — Mormon BattalionLDS Church
Dec 14, 1846 Last camp on San Pedro Turned west toward Tucson Erected 1960Map (db m27878) HM
2 Arizona, Cochise County, Douglas — Mormon BattalionLDS Church
Smith grave two mile south Buried Dec 7 1846Map (db m28294) HM
3 Arizona, Cochise County, Douglas — Mormon BattalionLDS Church
Longest infantry march on record Dec 6, 1846Map (db m28299) HM
4 Arizona, Cochise County, Douglas — Mormon BattalionLDS Church
San Bernardino Ranch Rest Camp Dec 5 1846Map (db m28300) HM
5 Arizona, Cochise County, Douglas — Mormon Battalion
Mormon Battalion Passed here in 1846Map (db m40693) HM
6 Arizona, Cochise County, Palominas — Mormon Battalion
. . . Map (db m150957) HM
7 Arizona, Cochise County, Sierra Vista — Mormon BattalionLDS Church
The Narrows Dec 12 1846 Battle of the Bulls Erected 1960Map (db m27882) HM
8 Arizona, Cochise County, Sierra Vista — Mormon Battalion Campsite
Dec. 11, 1846 Herd of Wild Horses and Bulls Erected 1960Map (db m27884) HM
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9 Arizona, Cochise County, St. David — Mormon BattalionLDS Church
Camp Dec 13 1846 Capt P.C. Merrill Returned to San Pedro 1877 Erected 1960Map (db m27880) HM
10 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson, Armory Park — To The Mormon Battalion
Which, under command of Col. Cooke, in the course of their 2,000 mile infantry march to the Pacific coast, arrived and raised the first American flag in Tucson. December 16, 1846Map (db m27281) HM
11 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson, Downtown — Commemorating the Raising of the First American Flag within the Walled City of Tucson
Commemorating the raising of the First American Flag within the Walled City of Tucson Dec 16, 1846Map (db m74174) HM
12 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson, Downtown — Exchange at the PresidioThe Mormon Battalion Enters Tucson, 16 December 1846
Near this site on December 16 – 17, 1846, the U.S. 101st Infantry ("Mormon") Battalion under the command of Colonel Philip St. George Cooke peacefully occupied the Presidio San Agustin del Tucson. Organized in Council Bluffs, Iowa, to . . . Map (db m73983) HM
13 Arizona, Pinal County, Casa Grande — In Honor of Mormon Battalion
Who camped here Dec 20, 1846 in rout to Cal. War with Mexico. Erected By Aaronic Priesthood Mesa 3rd Ward L.D.S.C. Troop 57 Boy Scouts of America R.C. Hugh Dana Sp.• Joseph Moody S.M. • F.K. Pomeroy 1st Coun • T. Elmer Hastings Asst . . . Map (db m27207) HM
14 Arizona, Pinal County, Picacho — 71 — Mormon Battalion Trail
The Mormon Battalion of the U.S. Army camped here enroute to California December 17, 1846. During the war with Mexico, on the longest infantry march of record, they were first to unfurl the flag of the United States in Tucson. This marker . . . Map (db m92383) HM
15 Arizona, Yuma County, Roll — Antelope Hill Campsite
1846 U.S. Army 1848 Antelope Hill Campsite Jan. 4 1847 Mormon Battalion Trail Map (db m175089) HM
16 Arizona, Yuma County, Yuma — Mormon Battalion Crossing / Colorado River Crossing
Mounted on back of monument Mormon Battalion Crossing This monument marks the approximate site of the crossing of the Colorado River by the Mormon Battalion on 10 and 11 January 1847. The Mormon Battalion consisted of 500 . . . Map (db m62011) HM
17 Arizona, Yuma County, Yuma — U.S. Army of the West — Mormon BattalionLongest Sustained March in U.S. Military History, 1846-1847
Between 1846 and 1848, the United States and Mexico went to war. One of the major directives of the United States during this war was to secure its western border and to occupy California and the territory of New Mexico. The government asked for . . . Map (db m22686) HM
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18 California, Amador County, Kit Carson — 338 — Tragedy SpringNo 338 — Erected 1967 —
This campsite on the Kit Carson Emigrant Trail was a resting place for California settlers. It was named by members of the Mormon Battalion enroute to Salt Lake Valley. Three of their men, serving as advance trail scouts, were murdered here by . . . Map (db m21273) HM
19 California, El Dorado County, Coloma — Mormon CabinReplica Reported permanently removed
Members of the “Mormon Battalion,” returning from the war with Mexico, were enlisted by Sutter and Marshall to help construct Sutter’s Mill. The Mormon members of the sawmill crew built a cabin near the mill during the winter of 1847. Earlier . . . Map (db m12158) HM
20 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — Fort MoorePioneer Memorial and Park
On this site stood Fort Moore built by the Mormon Battalion during the War with Mexico. This memorial honors the troops who helped to win the South West. The Flag of the United States was raised here on July 4th 1847 by United States . . . Map (db m128896) HM
21 California, Orange County, Mission Viejo — Mormon Battalion Marker
Dedicated to the valiant members of the historic Mormon Battalion who stopped here on March 20, 1847, as they marched from San Diego to Los Angeles. A division of the U.S. Army of the West, these brave soldiers, trusting in God, overcame incredible . . . Map (db m50351) HM
22 California, Riverside County, Aguanga — U.S. Mormon Battalion Trail1847 — Temecula Valley —
In January of 1847, some 350 soldiers of the Mormon Battalion, including five officers wives and a few children, passed through this area of Temecula Valley. These soldiers, under the leadership of Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke, were on . . . Map (db m238755) HM
23 California, San Bernardino County, Lytle Creek — 147 — Lytle Creek Canyon
Lytle Creek Canyon in the San Gabriel Mountains has a long and interesting history. It is named for Andrew Lytle, who served as a company commander in the famed Mormon Battalion during the Mexican War. Lytle was among the earliest settlers of the . . . Map (db m78514) HM
24 California, San Diego County, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park — 472 — Box Canyon
The old way variously known as Sonora, Colorado River or Southern Emigrant Trail and later as Butterfield Overland Mail Route traversed Box Canyon just east of here. January 19, 1847, the Mormon Battalion, under command of Lt-Col. Philip St G Cooke, . . . Map (db m51580) HM
25 California, San Diego County, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park — 639 — Palm Spring
Here was a palm-studded desert resting place, 1826-1866, for Mexican pioneers, mountain men, the Army of the West, Mormon Battalion, Boundary Commission, Forty-Niners, Railway Survey, Butterfield Overland Mail stages, and California Legion. It was . . . Map (db m51578) HM
26 California, San Diego County, Blair Valley — 647 — Butterfield Overland Mail Route
This pass, Puerta, between the desert and the cooler valleys to the north, was used by the Mormon Battalion, Kearny's Army of the West, the Butterfield Overland Mail Stages, and emigrants who eventually settled the west. The eroded scar on the left . . . Map (db m145313) HM
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27 California, San Diego County, San Diego — 7 — Mormon Battalion
No. 7 Dedicated in commemoration the heroic sacrifice and history-making achievements of the Mormon Battalion "whose march over 2000 miles from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego help to win California for the Union and open a . . . Map (db m51992) HM
28 California, San Diego County, San Diego — Services of the Mormon Battalion
The historic march of the Mormon Battalion -- -- More than 2000 miles through the wilderness -- -- was made in fulfillment of official U.S. orders. Brigham Young, Prophet – Leader of the Mormons, personally recruited these troops. The . . . Map (db m51990) HM
29 California, San Diego County, San Diego — 257 — Women of the Mormon Battalion
[Marker located on Front of Base:] Mormon women were anxious to reach the glorious West and any means offered seemed an answer to prayer to help them on their way. When it was learned four laundresses would be allowed each of the five . . . Map (db m241388) HM
30 California, San Diego County, Warner Springs — 311 — Warner Ranch House
In 1844, Gov. Manuel Micheltorena granted 44,322 acres to Juan Jose Warner who built this house. Gen. Kearny passed here in 1846; Mormon Battalion in 1847. First Butterfield Stage stopped at this ranch on Oct. 6, 1858 enroute from Tipton, Mo. to San . . . Map (db m51084) HM
31 California, Tuolumne County, Columbia — Mormon Battalion Monument
While they were crossing the plains with their families, five hundred Mormon men were inducted into the United States Army in July, 1846 to aid in the war against Mexico in California. The Mormon Battalion marched 2,000 miles from Council Bluffs, . . . Map (db m6842) HM
32 Colorado, Douglas County, Parker — 559 — Cherry Creek CampDouglas County 20 Mile Camp
In 1846 the unsettled area that is now Parker, Colorado, consisted of wild open plains, inhabited only by local Indian tribes and passing trappers and traders. The Crosby-Brown Company, otherwise known as the Mississippi Saints, and detachments of . . . Map (db m97420) HM
33 Colorado, Pueblo County, Pueblo — 60 — The Mormon Battalion
This memorial is the Property of the State of Colorado ____ A detachment of United States Soldiers of The Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War spent the winter of 1846-47 near this site. . . . Map (db m96068) HM
34 Idaho, Bannock County, Downey — 119 — Captain Jefferson Hunt, Soldier, Pioneer, ChurchmanBorn January 20, 1804 in Kentucky - Died May 11, 1879 in Idaho
Charles Jefferson Hunt served in the Mormon Battalion as Captain of Company “A” and as assistant executive officer. In its historic march from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego, California, 1846 - 47. His service won the commendation of . . . Map (db m48986) HM
35 Iowa, Pottawattamie County, Council Bluffs — Mormon Battalion Mustering Grounds
One of the most remarkable infantry marches in American history began here in July 1846 with the mustering of the Mormon Battalion. Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon) responded to the request from President James K. . . . Map (db m22662) HM
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36 Kansas, McPherson County, McPherson — The Mormon Battalion at McPherson, Kansas
On 3 September 1846, the Mormon Battalion camped near here on its way to fight in the war with Mexico. This small army of more than 500 men and officers had been recruited at Council Bluffs, Iowa, from among the Mormon pioneers (members of The . . . Map (db m80663) HM
37 Kansas, Morris County, Council Grove — The Mormon Battalion at Council Grove, Kansas
The Mormon Battalion camped here for five days beginning 27 August 1846. The battalion's more than 500 volunteers and officers had been recruited from the Mormon pioneers (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) at Council . . . Map (db m45056) HM WM
38 Kansas, Pawnee County, Larned — The Mormon Battalion at Larned, Kansas
The Mormon Battalion camped here on 8 September 1846. The more than 500 volunteers in this little army were enlisted to fight in the war with Mexico. They had been recruited from among the Mormon pioneers (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of . . . Map (db m95885) HM
39 Nevada, Clark County, Las Vegas, West Sahara — The Mormon Battle & The Old Spanish Trail
During the Mexican War, Mormon men served as a special battalion in the U.S. Army. They left lowa in July 1846 and marched through the Southwest to San Diego, building roads and American outposts along the way. They fought the Battle of San . . . Map (db m241721) HM
40 New Mexico, Hidalgo County, Animas — 7 — Historical Marker No. 7U.S. Mormon Battalion Trail
On November 28, 1846 the Mormon Battalion of the U. S. Army West crossed these mountains near this summit enroute to California during the Mexican War. Col. Cooke had dispatched scouts ahead to find the best route. An Indian guide, Charbonneau, . . . Map (db m91987) HM
41 New Mexico, Luna County, Deming — Cooke’s Wagon RoadBasin and Range Country
In 1846, while leading the Mormon Battalion to California during the Mexican War, Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke blazed a wagon road from New Mexico to the West Coast. The potential use of the route for the railroad construction was one of the . . . Map (db m38236) HM
42 New Mexico, Luna County, Deming — First Road to Southern California
Here crossed the first road to Southern California opened for wagons by Capt. Cooke, who passed here in command of the Mormon Battalion, Nov. 1846 – later it became the California Emigrant Road – from 1858-1861, the route of the . . . Map (db m38302) HM
43 New Mexico, Sandoval County, Santo Domingo Pueblo — 99 — The Mormon Battalion
The Mormon Battalion Council Bluffs, July 16, 1846 Fort Leavenworth, Aug. 2, 1846 Santa Fe, Oct. 9, 1846 San Diego, Jan 29, 1847 Erected June 16, 1940 [ Map of Mormon Battalion Route ] The Mormon Battalion, composed . . . Map (db m150860) HM
44 New Mexico, Sierra County, Hillsboro — Mormon Battalion Historical Marker
"History may be searched in vain for an equal march of infantry" Lt. Col. Cooke The Mormon Battalion, of some 500 men marched through this area during November of 1846. The march covered over 2000 miles from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San . . . Map (db m38297) HM
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45 Oklahoma, Cimarron County, Boise City — The Mormon Battalion in the Oklahoma Panhandle
From September 23 through 27, 1846, the Mormon Battalion crossed the northwestern portion of the Oklahoma panhandle. The little army's 500-plus volunteers, recruited for the Mexican War, were enlisted near Council Bluffs, Iowa, from among the first . . . Map (db m55260) HM
46 Utah, Salt Lake County, Salt Lake City, Capitol Hill — 392 — The Constitution Revered
"I want to say to every man, the Constitution of the United States, as framed by our fathers, was dictated, was revealed, was put into their hearts by the Almighty who dwells in the heavens; and I tell you in the name of Jesus Christ it is as good . . . Map (db m132154) HM
47 Utah, Salt Lake County, Salt Lake City, Capitol Hill — The Mormon Battalion
History In May and June 1846, the services of the Mormon people--en route to the west--were officially tendered to the United States government, then at war with Mexico. President James K. Polk authorized Colonel Stephen W. Kearney, . . . Map (db m35195) HM
48 Utah, Salt Lake County, Salt Lake City, Capitol Hill — Thomas L. Kane
[panel 1] Following the days of their severest persecutions in the winter of 1846-7, when the Mormon pioneers, driven from their beloved city of Nauvoo, Illinois, by mob violence, were scattered across the frozen plains of Iowa, there came . . . Map (db m167225) HM
49 Utah, Weber County, Ogden — 112 — Captain James Brown
Marker on Left: Captain James Brown Captain James Brown, Pioneer, Soldier and one of the founders of Ogden, enlisted in the Mormon Battalion of the U. S. Army in the Mexican War, July 16, 1846, at Council Bluffs, Iowa, and was made . . . Map (db m149971) HM
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Apr. 20, 2024