“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Alpine, Texas

Clickable Map of Brewster County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Brewster County, TX (53) Jeff Davis County, TX (25) Pecos County, TX (56) Presidio County, TX (26) Terrell County, TX (7)  BrewsterCounty(53) Brewster County (53)  JeffDavisCounty(25) Jeff Davis County (25)  PecosCounty(56) Pecos County (56)  PresidioCounty(26) Presidio County (26)  TerrellCounty(7) Terrell County (7)
Alpine is the county seat for Brewster County
Alpine is in Brewster County
      Brewster County (53)  
      Jeff Davis County (25)  
      Pecos County (56)  
      Presidio County (26)  
      Terrell County (7)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 105 Howitzer
This 105 Howitzer served in Sept. 1943 with 132nd Field Arty. Bn., U.S. Army, in support of 142nd Inf. 36th Div., in Battle of the Rapido River, Salerno, Italy — One of the bloodiest actions in World War II. In the fighting, this cannon was . . . Map (db m61046) HM
2Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 157 — Ancient Rocks Boundary
The mountains toward the east are limestone reef beds deposited in the Cretaceous and Permian seas about 135 million years ago and 250 million years ago; respectively. The limestone reefs overlie deformed rocks in the Ouachita Fold Belt, which is . . . Map (db m26361) HM
3Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Big Bend Ranching: NorthBig Bend Snapshot History
The northern, or "highland", region of Brewster County has the highest average elevations in the County, ranging from 3,700 up to 6,000 feet above sea level. Lower temperatures and slightly increased rainfall contribute to open . . . Map (db m163876) HM
4Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 503 — Brewster County
Formed from Presidio County Created February 2, 1887. Organized February 14, 1887. In 1897 the territory of Buchel and Foley counties was added to Brewster. Named for Henry Percy Brewster, 1816-1884 soldier and statesman, a hero . . . Map (db m60923) HM
5Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Brewster County Jail WWII Monument
Dedicated to the men who fought in the foxholes and on the beaches in World War IIMap (db m63603) WM
6Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 570 — Burgess' Water Hole
Called San Lorenzo by Juan Domínguez de Mendoza, 1684. Later Charco de Alzate in honor of an Apache chieftain. After Civil War given name of Burgess' water hole honoring John W. Burgess, pioneer freighter, who here outwitted the Apaches. The . . . Map (db m26390) HM
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7Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 872 — City Building
Erected in 1893. Oldest public school building standing in Alpine. Abandoned as school in 1910. Later served as a hospital, college dormitory, Border Patrol station and U.S. Agricultural and Soil Conservation Service. Recorded Texas . . . Map (db m139127) HM
8Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 6404 — Colonel Henry P. BrewsterTexas In the Civil War — Brewster County —
Side A: County Named for Texas Confederate Colonel Henry P. Brewster 1816-1884South Carolinian came to Texas, 1836 - Attorney General, State of Texas, 1847-49. When South seceded he was instrumental in recruiting post office . . . Map (db m44612) HM
9Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 1092 — Court House
Building erected in 1887 when Brewster County was created. Served Buchel and Foley Counties until these areas where added to Brewster County. Courthouse Square still is community center for various events. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark . . . Map (db m61016) HM
10Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Dedicated to the men and women who perished on September 11th, 2001
On this fateful date, the Marfa Border Patrol Sector was conducting a ground breaking ceremony for the new Alpine station facility you see standing in the background. The ceremony was halted when the report was received and all personnel were put on . . . Map (db m47215) WM
11Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Early Spanish EntradasBig Bend Snapshot History
1475 CE* 1492 - Columbus lands on San Salvador Island in the Caribbean West Indies 1497 - John Cabot, first known English party to land in North America, northeast Canada 1521 - Hernán Cortés conquers the Aztec Empire 1528 - Panfilo de Narváez . . . Map (db m160836) HM
12Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 12989 — First Baptist Church of Alpine
When the railroad came through this area in 1882, the settlement of Osborne was established here near natural springs. The community's name changed to Murphysville in 1883, and at that time, as the population began to grow, missionaries arrived from . . . Map (db m61014) HM
13Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 2093 — Gage-Van Sickle1886
Home of early ranchers, merchants, legislators. Stucco over thick adobe. Remodelled 1896, 1920, 1960. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1965Map (db m60925) HM
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14Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 2103 — Garcia-Valadez House
Built in 1890 by Trinidad Garcia, ranch hand. Original four rooms had adobe walls 27 to 33 inches thick. Was a social center for many years. Since 1926, home of Thomas Valadez, a leading local merchant, and family. House now has eight rooms. . . . Map (db m61072) HM
15Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 2509 — Holland Hotel Building
This Spanish Colonial Revival hotel was built in 1912 for John R. Holland (d.1922), a successful area cattleman. Completed during the mercury mining boom days of Alpine, it served as the civic, social, and business center for the growing city. After . . . Map (db m61069) HM
16Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — In Memoriam
This tablet is dedicated to the men & women of Brewster County in grateful recognition of their patriotic service to our country in times of war Erected AD 1948 by American Legion Auxiliary Big Bend Unit No. 79 Alpine, . . . Map (db m61354) WM
17Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 17697 — J. C. Bird
Julius Canselor Bird (1863-1925) was born in Round Mountain (Blanco Co.), and came to West Texas at age 18 as a Texas Ranger, protecting crews during construction of the transcontinental railroad. J.C. then homesteaded and ranched on ten sections of . . . Map (db m139126) HM
18Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 2669 — J.C. Carr-Bob Slight House
Built 1884 by an early settler, J.C. Carr. Adobe brick double walls were laid at night, slowly drying to super-strength, in time-honored southwestern manner. Five adobe rooms were added after 1903 sale to Judge R.B. Slight (1869-1953), English . . . Map (db m61015) HM
19Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 15965 — John R. Holland(1852 – 1922)
Born in Wharton County, John Riley Holland as a young man moved to Brady (McCulloch Co.) to become a rancher. He married Mary L. Fuller in 1881; the couple had two children, Crystal and Clay. By 1884, the Hollands moved to Presidio County near . . . Map (db m61070) HM
20Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 6411 — Lawrence Sullivan Ross1838 - 1898
Iowa born family came to Texas 1839. Gained experience with Indians in central Texas while father was Indian agent. Led reservation Indians in campaigns against Comanches. As Ranger company captain in 1855 he killed the noted Comanche Chief Peta . . . Map (db m50296) HM
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21Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 3603 — Nolte-Rooney House
Built 1890 by F.H. Nolte, early settler, on land in Murphyville (now Alpine). The 20-inch walls are made of adobe bricks molded at the building site. Home was sold 1893 to John Rooney, second county Sheriff. The exterior looks as it did in 1890. . . . Map (db m60924) HM
22Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Nuestra Señora de GuadalupeOur Lady of Guadalupe
Site of the first Roman Catholic Church in Alpine. Deeded to the Diocese of San Antonio in 1896 by father and son Daniel and Thomas O. Murphy. The original adobe church building was dedicated November 19, 1902, by the Rev. A.J. Forest, Bishop of San . . . Map (db m61090) HM
23Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Old Brewster County Jail
[Bottom plaque] This building is the original Brewster County Jail. Completed in 1888, the old jail was subsequently modified on numerous occasions to meet various requirements of the State of Texas. In 1995, upon completion of a new . . . Map (db m195517) HM
24Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 3884 — Our Lady of Peace
Parish Hall, site of the oldest church building in Alpine, originally called Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, completed in 1892 and in continuous use as a church until 1942, and as a parish hall until 1964. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - . . . Map (db m61093) HM
25Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Our Lady of Peace Catholic Church
The present church building was dedicated on January 6, 1943, by Rev. Sidney M. Metzger, Bishop of El Paso. Construction began in 1941 under Father Francis Juaniz with members of the parish donating over $10,000. Contributions by the Catholic . . . Map (db m61091) HM
26Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Our Pioneers
This marble slab and tablet carries our message of grateful remembrance for their interest in and courage to seek a home site in this rugged, yet beautiful range of mountains and valleys. Most of our pioneers came in the eighties and it can be said . . . Map (db m61048) HM
27Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — Ranching in the Big BendBig Bend Snapshot History
Transportation In the thirty years following the Civil War, massive trail drives brought more than 10 million cattle to markets in the Midwest. Driving herds across country was time-consuming and expensive in staff, supplies and wear on . . . Map (db m163874) HM
28Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 4276 — Ritchey Hotel1886
Frame and adobe. Built facing old cattle loading pens on the Southern Pacific Railway. Lodgings and saloon for cowhands and ranchers in town to ship cattle from widely scattered ranches of the Big Bend country.Map (db m61071) HM
29Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — The Late Spanish EntradasBig Bend Snapshot History
1680 CE* 1683 – Juan Domínguez de Mendoza leads first expedition to La Junta de los Rios in 95 years 1693 – Juan Fernández de Retana leads expedition to protect native Jumano Indians from Apache Indian raids at La Junta . . . Map (db m160837) HM
30Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — This Enduring Monument
This enduring monument of marble with attached bronze plaque is a symbol of honor and a tribute of praise for the valiant service rendered by the men and women from Brewster County who answered the call of duty in the Armed Forces of the nation, not . . . Map (db m61049) HM
31Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 5679 — W. W. Townsend Home
Built in 1908 by local architect and building contractor William Daugherty for William Wallace Townsend (1833-1915), this house is a good example of a turn-of-the-century residence. Allen H. Palmer purchased the home in 1920 and lived here until his . . . Map (db m61142) HM
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Sep. 25, 2022