“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania

Clickable Map of Franklin County, Pennsylvania and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Franklin County, PA (209) Adams County, PA (1393) Cumberland County, PA (356) Fulton County, PA (46) Huntingdon County, PA (82) Juniata County, PA (15) Perry County, PA (52) Frederick County, MD (525) Washington County, MD (857)  FranklinCounty(209) Franklin County (209)  AdamsCounty(1393) Adams County (1393)  CumberlandCounty(356) Cumberland County (356)  FultonCounty(46) Fulton County (46)  HuntingdonCounty(82) Huntingdon County (82)  JuniataCounty(15) Juniata County (15)  PerryCounty(52) Perry County (52)  FrederickCountyMaryland(525) Frederick County (525)  WashingtonCounty(857) Washington County (857)
Chambersburg is the county seat for Franklin County
Mercersburg is in Franklin County
      Franklin County (209)  
      Adams County (1393)  
      Cumberland County (356)  
      Fulton County (46)  
      Huntingdon County (82)  
      Juniata County (15)  
      Perry County (52)  
      Frederick County, Maryland (525)  
      Washington County, Maryland (857)  
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1Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Ambush at Mercersburg
On July 3, 1863, three Confederate riders in Mercersburg’s town square were ambushed by two Union stragglers. Bullets passed through Private J.W. Alban, killing him and also the horse of the rider beside him. The third man quickly galloped out of . . . Map (db m202813) HM
2Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Buchanan House
James Buchanan, lawyer, statesman, diplomat, 15th President of the U.S., born in Stony Batter, lived here 1796-1807. Sgt. Patrick Gass, carpenter for winter quarters on the Lewis & Clark expedition, 1803-06, worked here as an apprentice, 1794-95.Map (db m8016) HM
3Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Captain Robert Parker House
This house was built in 1788 by Captain Robert Parker who fought in the Revolutionary War 1777 - 1783Map (db m192268) HM
4Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Citizens Seized
On October 10, 1862, Confederate cavalry commanded by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart briefly occupied Mercersburg on their way to raid Chambersburg. Acting under orders from Gen. Lee, Stuart took ten men from the Mercersburg area hostage. Cornellus . . . Map (db m201761) HM
5Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Col. Murphy's Hotel
Built c. 1798 and used as a dormitory of Marshall College, the "Old Mansion House" was acquired by Col. Murphy in 1845 who managed it as a prominent hotel until 1864. It was rumored to be a station on the underground railroad. Soon to be . . . Map (db m8041) HM
6Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — James Buchanan15th President of the United States 1857 - 1861
James Buchanan, a Representative and a Senator from Pennsylvania and the 15th President of the United States; born at Cove Gap, near Mercersburg, Franklin County, Pa., April 23, 1791; moved to Mercersburg, Pa. with his parents in 1796; was privately . . . Map (db m202788) HM
7Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — John Darby, Lot 14, 1786
John Wolfe, 1795 Jacob Shaffer, 1815 Thomas Reynolds Robert McCoy D.M.B. Shannon, 1856 Dr. John Kuhn, 1905 Dr. William Grove, 1950 James W. & Carol W. Smith, 1972Map (db m58691) HM
8Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Lane House
Built by Thomas Lane. Was later occupied by the family of Elliott Lane, a brother. Here, Harriet Lane, niece of James Buchanan, and mistress of the White House during his Presidency, was born.Map (db m8018) HM
9Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Lot 32
House built c. 1794 by Hugh Cowan, cabinet maker, and his wife, Mary Chambers VanLear Cowan. Facade restored by Lee and Grace F. Steiger during their ownership, 1921-1981. Interior restored by Ronald and Susan Simar, 1996.Map (db m192267) HM
10Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Lot No. 26
James McMurdie, hatmaker, owned this house in 1791. Other owners include Charles Gillespie, copper and tinsmith, 1835; Gillespie's daughter Betsy Lowe, 1841; Joseph A. Kreps, carriage maker, 1862; his son Jacob R., Carpenter, 1864; Hannah and Felix . . . Map (db m192269) HM
11Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Marshall College
Used the Theological Seminary building. Was chartered, 1836; removed to Lancaster, 1853, and united with Franklin College. First president was Dr. Frederick A. Rauch, famed scholar and educator; author of textbook on psychology.Map (db m8014) HM
12Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Mercersburg
Founded c.1750 as “Black’s Town” and called “Smith’s Town” after 1759. Renamed “Mercersburg” in 1786 to honor Hugh Mercer, a Scot, who came to this area c.1749, established a local medical practice and served with . . . Map (db m83997) WM
13Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Mercersburg Borough
Mercersburg Borough was incorporated in 1831 with a population of 700. This lot was the site of the first Town jail and an early band shell. F. Keagy built Borough Hall in 1904 for $4304.38; G. Seylor added the clock tower in 1909 for $375. South . . . Map (db m84004) HM
14Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — President Buchanan’s Home
1796 – 1829Map (db m58690) HM
15Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Reformed Theological Seminary
Was situated on this campus, 1837-71. Here, Drs. Frederick A. Rauch, John W. Nevin, Philip Schaff, taught and wrote. Their works on theology, philosophy, and church history were influential in the U. S. and Europe.Map (db m8015) HM
16Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Steiger House at Mercersburg
Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, during the first Chambersburg Raid (October 1862), stopped in Mercersburg at Bridgeside, the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Steiger. He intended to use the house as his headquarters while his troops rounded up . . . Map (db m201762) HM
17Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Stuart's Headquarters
On Oct. 10, 1862, 1800 picked Confederate cavalry commanded by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton with four cannon under Maj. John Pelham occupied Mercersburg on their way to destroy the railroad bridge at Chambersburg used to . . . Map (db m18536) HM
18Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — The 54th Mass. Infantry Regiment, US Colored Troops
In 1863, the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was among the first Civil War combat units open to African Americans. Troops from Pennsylvania made up more than 20 percent of the acclaimed unit. Mercersburg was second only to Philadelphia in mustering . . . Map (db m44651) HM
19Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — The Archibald Irwin House
On September 26, 2003, this property was nearly destroyed by fire. Located in the northwest corner in a two-story log house built in 1791-1792 by Archibald Irwin. Irwin's granddaughter Jane married William Henry Harrison, Jr., and served as First . . . Map (db m8039) HM
20Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — The Irwin House
On September 26, 2003, this corner property was destroyed by fire exposing this log house built in 1791-1792 by Archibald Irwin. Irwin's granddaughter Jane married William Henry Harrison, Jr., and served as First Lady when her father-in-law, William . . . Map (db m202809) HM
21Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — The Mercersburg Presbyterian Church1735 - 1935
Served by Itinerary Preachers 1735 - 1752 Congregation organized 1738 This building erected 1794 Pastors Rev. John Steel 1752-1756 • John King, D.D., 1769-1811, Moderator General Assembly 1792 • David Elliott, D.d., 1812-1829, . . . Map (db m192266) HM
22Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — W-G-M Turnpike
Built c. 1845 as Number 8 of the nine tollhouses on the Waynesburg-Greencastle-McConnellsburg turnpike which ran 2 miles from the Maryland state line east of Waynesboro through Mercersburg to McConnellsburg, this building is one of two extant . . . Map (db m58685) HM
23Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — William Findlay
Governor of Pennsylvania, 1817-20; born on this site, June 20, 1768. First candidate for governor nominated by convention. Advocate of State internal improvements; U.S. Senator 1821-27. Died, Nov. 12, 1846, at Harrisburg.Map (db m8020) HM
24Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — William Findlay
In commemoration of William Findlay. Born in Mercersburg June 20, 1768; member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives five sessions, 1797-1807; State Treasurer for eleven years; Governor of the Commonwealth 1817-1820; United States Senator . . . Map (db m58689) HM
25Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Zion Union Cemetery
Eighty-eight African Americans from Mercersburg volunteered to defend the Union during the Civil War. At least 36 of those veterans lie in Mercersburg Zion Union Cemetery, established in 1876 by local Black citizens. By 1850 Mercersburg had 26 . . . Map (db m44650) HM
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Aug. 15, 2022