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Baldwyn, Mississippi Historical Markers

 
Advance Forces of General Forrest Marker image, Touch for more information
By Brandon Fletcher, November 30, 2008
Advance Forces of General Forrest Marker
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Advance Forces of General Forrest
Advance forces of General Forrest and General Sturgis' cavalry met in skirmish here. The 3rd, 7th, 8th, and 12th Kentucky (Confederate) met the 4th Missouri, 3rd, 9th Illinois and 2nd New Jersey shortly before forming . . . — Map (db m89093) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brices Cross Roads — June 10, 1864 — The Western Campaign, 1864
When General Sherman advanced on Atlanta, General Forrest sought to destroy the Union supply line between Nashville and Chattanooga. He had nearly reached the Tennessee River when he had to turn back to meet a Union force marching southeast from . . . — Map (db m8365) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brice's Cross Roads
. . . — Map (db m72156) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Bethany A.R.P. Church
Organized in 1852 by the Alabama Presbytery, Bethany Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church had a charter membership of twenty-five including four slaves. The church was used as a hospital in 1864 following the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads. The . . . — Map (db m60738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Brice Home
The Brice Home stood where monument is located The battle scarred, two-story house, with its blood-stained floors and walls was used by wounded of both armies to escape shot and shell as the battle raged. . . . — Map (db m89045) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — A-1 — Brice's Cross Roads — June 10, 1864
Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest "owned" northern Mississippi and southwestern Tennessee in mid-1864, but that was not where the war was being won or lost. Port Hudson, Louisiana, and Vicksburg, Mississippi, had fallen in July 1863, giving the Union . . . — Map (db m62170) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-2 — Brice's Cross Roads — First Main Battle Line (Union)
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-1 — Brice's Cross Roads — First Main Battle Line Overview
By 10:00 a.m. on June 10, 1864, Col. George Waring's Federal cavalry had reached the Cross Roads. The troops deployed on either side of the Baldwyn Road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. . . . — Map (db m62173) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Chief Tishomingo
Long before Civil War soldiers fought at this site in 1864, this land was part of the Chickasaw Nation. Tishomingo, whose name derived from the Chickasaw title tishu minko meaning "speaker for the chief" or "assistant chief" in the Chickasaw . . . — Map (db m61924) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's First Battle Line Formed Here
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate . . . — Map (db m62106) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's Second Battle Line
Pushing the Union forces back, General Forrest slowly closed his pincers movement, forcing General Sturgis nearer the Crossroads. This line was anchored on the Blackland Road 400 yards northwest. The southern end across the Guntown Road. . . . — Map (db m62110) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal Cavalry and Artillery Formed First Battle Line Here
From 500 hundred yards north and extending more than a mile south, across the Guntown Road, this Line, behind rail fences and dense scrub-oak thickets fought stubbornly as the Confederates pushed on to the Crossroads. Hand to hand fighting along . . . — Map (db m62108) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal's Second Battle Line
Federal's Second Battle Line General Sturis was able to use his infantry here for the first time in the battle. General Forrest had beaten the Union Cavalry before the infantry reached the battlefield. Infantry and cavalry formed . . . — Map (db m89096) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — First Shots of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads
First Shots of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads were fired here at 9:30 Morning of June 10, 1864 Scouts from General Nathan Bedford Forrest's 7th Tennessee (Confederate) met scouts from General Samuel D. Sturgis' 4th . . . — Map (db m89091) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Barteau's Flank Movement
Along the ridge north-east, General Barteau's 2nd Tennessee flanked the Union forces, creating havoc among white and negro soldiers of General Sturgis' command. — Map (db m61957) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Sturgis' Supreme Effort
To Hold The Crossroads Placing the 93rd Illinois, 8th Illinois and 114th Illinois Infantry here and immediately behind, he placed his artillery consisting of Battery B of 2nd Illinois; 7th Wisconsin Battery; 14th Indiana . . . — Map (db m5738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Interpretive Sites — Battle of Brice's Crossroads • June 10, 1864 Battle of Tupelo • July 13-15, 1864
Welcome to the Mississippi's Final Stands Interpretive Center. After visiting our museum gallery, we hope that you will tour the Brice's Crossroads and Tupelo battlefields for yourself, with the help of our audio tour and roadside signage. . . . — Map (db m91147) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Morton's Battery
(front) Dedicated to Morton's Battery Forrest's Artillery and John W. Morton, Jr. Gen. N.B. Forrest's Chief of Artillery and the Confederacy's youngest artillery captain Morton's Battery fought here during the . . . — Map (db m89046) HM WM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Spoils of War
As Confederate cannon rained fire on exhausted Union troops waiting to cross Tishomingo Creek, a somewhat orderly retreat turned into a panicked rout. Soldiers swam across the creek, bypassing the clogged and bottlenecked bridge and ran into the . . . — Map (db m61930) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
The Federal retreat at the Battle of Brice's Crossroads was funneled onto a small bridge across Tishomingo Creek. The structure was too narrow for Sturgis' Expeditionary Force, and the span quickly became a bottleneck as horses, wagons, cannon, and . . . — Map (db m61927) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
Retreating wagons blocked bridge. General Forrest captured 200 Wagons, 14 pieces of artillery and hundreds of men. Artillery fire from the Crossroads killed hundreds of Federals here. — Map (db m61953) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Twentymile Bottom
Twentymile Bottom, now cultivated, was typical of the many low areas along streams through which the Natchez Trace passed.      In 1812 Reverend John Johnson stopped at Old Factors Stand, near this bottom, and wrote this account of bottomland . . . — Map (db m84764) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Union Wagon Train
A critical factor in the Union defeat at Brice's Crossroads was the decision by an unknown officer to bring most if not all of the Union supply train across the Tishomingo Creek Bridge and into the field across the road from where you now stand. . . . — Map (db m62176) HM
Mississippi (Prentiss County), Baldwyn — Artillery at Log Cabin Ridge
As Union troops retreated toward Tishomingo Creek, they faced not only a blocked bridge and a rain-swollen creek, but also deadly cannon fire coming from this ridge. Confederate artillerymen rained fire upon the scrambling Yankees with four field . . . — Map (db m72155) HM
Mississippi (Prentiss County), Baldwyn — C-2 — Brice's Cross Roads — Union Retreat -- Defense at the Bridge
The bottleneck created by the Tishomingo Creek Bridge and the flanking movement of Confederate Colonel Barteau's 2nd Tennessee regiment almost spelled diaster for Union troops retreating from the Cross Roads in front of Forrest's main force. The . . . — Map (db m72150) HM
Mississippi (Prentiss County), Baldwyn — C-1 — Brice's Cross Roads — Confederate Victory — Pursuit of the Union
Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry had routed Brigadier General Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry one-half mile east of the Cross Roads and the Federal infantry that was thrown into battle line one-quarter mile east of the Cross Roads. . . . — Map (db m72267) HM
Mississippi (Prentiss County), Baldwyn — Terrain and Landscape
Even as late as 1864, northeast Mississippi was sparsely populated. Just thirty years earlier the whole area had belonged to the Chickasaw Nation, and many of the local white landowners had moved here after 1845. The Bethany Associate Reformed . . . — Map (db m72152) HM

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